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  1. On the 30th September 2009, the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza vaccine was made available to adults and children aged 10 years and over, in Australia. Acceptance of a novel vaccine is influenced by perceptions...

    Authors: Holly Seale, Anita E Heywood, Mary-Louise McLaws, Kirsten F Ward, Chris P Lowbridge, Debbie Van and C Raina MacIntyre

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:99

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Concerns about the hepatitis C virus (HCV) are due to the high risk of chronic liver disease and poor treatment efficacy. Synthesizing evidence from multiple data sources is becoming widely used to estimate HC...

    Authors: Annunziata Faustini, Paola Colais, Emanuele Fabrizi, Anna Maria Bargagli, Marina Davoli, Domenico Di Lallo, Anteo Di Napoli, Patrizio Pezzotti, Chiara Sorge, Rita Grillo, Carla Maresca, Olga Recchia and Carlo A Perucci

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:97

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Little is known about the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in low income countries. We conducted a cross sectional survey for pulmonary TB and TB symptoms in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau, in an urban cohort ...

    Authors: Morten Bjerregaard-Andersen, Zacarias J da Silva, Pernille Ravn, Morten Ruhwald, Paul L Andersen, Morten Sodemann, Per Gustafson, Peter Aaby and Christian Wejse

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:96

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Salmonella enterica is an important emerging cause of invasive infections worldwide. However, population-based data are limited. The objective of this study was to define the occurrence of S. enterica bacteremia...

    Authors: Kevin B Laupland, Henrik C Schønheyder, Karina J Kennedy, Outi Lyytikäinen, Louis Valiquette, John Galbraith and Peter Collignon

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:95

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Ingestion of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) has traditionally been utilized for prevention of urinary tract infections. The proanthocyanidins (PACs) in cranberry, in particular the A-type linkages have be...

    Authors: Amy B Howell, Henry Botto, Christophe Combescure, Anne-Béatrice Blanc-Potard, Lluis Gausa, Tetsuro Matsumoto, Peter Tenke, Albert Sotto and Jean-Philippe Lavigne

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:94

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Diagnostic tests are generally used in situations with similar pre-test probability of disease to where they were developed. When these tests are applied in situations with very different pre-test probabilitie...

    Authors: Sanne C van Kampen, Richard M Anthony and Paul R Klatser

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:93

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In recent years there has been renewed interest in the use of air ionizers to control the spread of infection in hospitals and a number of researchers have investigated the biocidal action of ions in both air ...

    Authors: Simon J Shepherd, Clive B Beggs, Caroline F Smith, Kevin G Kerr, Catherine J Noakes and P Andrew Sleigh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:92

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In August 2006, a case of leptospirosis occurred in an athlete after a triathlon held around Heidelberg and in the Neckar river. In order to study a possible outbreak and to determine risk factors for infectio...

    Authors: Stefan Brockmann, Isolde Piechotowski, Oswinde Bock-Hensley, Christian Winter, Rainer Oehme, Stefan Zimmermann, Katrin Hartelt, Enno Luge, Karsten Nöckler, Thomas Schneider, Klaus Stark and Andreas Jansen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:91

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has been introduced in national immunisation programmes of most industrialised countries and recently in two African GAVI eligible countries (Rwanda and The Gambia)....

    Authors: Alessia Melegaro, Yoon Hong Choi, Robert George, W John Edmunds, Elizabeth Miller and Nigel J Gay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:90

    Content type: Research article

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  10. A selective, systematic, Internet-based, Chlamydia Screening Implementation for 16 to 29-year-old residents started in three regions in the Netherlands in April 2008: in the cities of Amsterdam and Rotterdam and ...

    Authors: Ingrid VF van den Broek, Christian JPA Hoebe, Jan EAM van Bergen, Elfi EHG Brouwers, Eva M de Feijter, Johannes SA Fennema, Hannelore M Götz, Rik H Koekenbier, Sander M van Ravesteijn and Eline LM Op de Coul

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:89

    Content type: Research article

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  11. During acute Human parvovirus B19 (B19) infection a transient reduction in blood haemoglobin concentration is induced, due to a 5-7 day cessation of red cell production. This can precipitate severe anaemia in sub...

    Authors: James Wildig, Yvonne Cossart, Norbert Peshu, Nimmo Gicheru, James Tuju, Thomas N Williams and Charles R Newton

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:88

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Phospho-tau deposition has been described in a rare genetic human prion disease, Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome, but is not common neuropathological picture for other human and animal transmissible sp...

    Authors: Gui-Rong Wang, Song Shi, Chen Gao, Bao-Yun Zhang, Chan Tian, Chen-Fang Dong, Rui-Min Zhou, Xiao-Li Li, Cao Chen, Jun Han and Xiao-Ping Dong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:86

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most significant bacterial cause of community-acquired pneumonia among children under five years worldwide. Updated resistance information of S. pneumoniae among children is essen...

    Authors: Nguyen Quynh Hoa, Nguyen V Trung, Mattias Larsson, Bo Eriksson, Ho D Phuc, Nguyen TK Chuc and Cecilia Stalsby Lundborg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:85

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Bacterial meningitis in children causes high rates of mortality and morbidity. In a recent clinical trial, oral glycerol significantly reduced severe neurological sequelae in paediatric meningitis caused by Haemo...

    Authors: Cornelia Blaser, Matthias Klein, Denis Grandgirard, Matthias Wittwer, Heikki Peltola, Michael Weigand, Uwe Koedel and Stephen L Leib

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:84

    Content type: Research article

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  15. HIV-1 and Mycobacterium tuberculosis cause substantial morbidity and mortality. Despite the availability of antiretroviral and antituberculosis treatment in Africa, clinical deterioration during antituberculosis ...

    Authors: Dominique J Pepper, Suzaan Marais, Robert J Wilkinson, Feriyl Bhaijee, Gary Maartens, Helen McIlleron, Virginia De Azevedo, Helen Cox, Cheryl McDermid, Simiso Sokhela, Janisha Patel and Graeme Meintjes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:83

    Content type: Research article

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  16. After the WHO issued the global alert for 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1), many national health agencies began to screen travelers on entry in airports, ports and border crossings to try to delay local transm...

    Authors: Benjamin J Cowling, Lincoln LH Lau, Peng Wu, Helen WC Wong, Vicky J Fang, Steven Riley and Hiroshi Nishiura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:82

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) has been most consistently linked to sexual behaviour, and the epidemiological profile of BV mirrors that of established sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It remains a matter of ...

    Authors: Hans Verstraelen, Rita Verhelst, Mario Vaneechoutte and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:81

    Content type: Debate

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  18. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the principal etiologic agent of human tuberculosis (TB) and a member of the M. tuberculosis complex (MTC). Additional MTC species that cause TB in humans and other mammals include

    Authors: Sidra E Gonçalves Vasconcellos, Richard C Huard, Stefan Niemann, Kristin Kremer, Adalberto R Santos, Philip N Suffys and John L Ho

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:80

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Authors: Akihiro Ohkado, Yoshiro Murase, Masaaki Mori, Naoki Hasegawa, Goro Otsuka, Michiko Nagamine, Hideo Maeda, Kazuhiro Uchimura, Masako Ohmori, Norio Yamada, Shinji Maeda, Seiya Kato, Toru Mori and Nobukatsu Ishikawa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:79

    Content type: Erratum

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:138

  20. Foams containing 62% ethanol are used for hand decontamination in many countries. A long drying time may reduce the compliance of healthcare workers in applying the recommended amount of foam. Therefore, we ha...

    Authors: Günter Kampf, Sigunde Marschall, Sven Eggerstedt and Christiane Ostermeyer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:78

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Given that helminth infections are thought to have strong immunomodulatory activity, the question whether helminth infections might affect responses to malaria antigens needs to be addressed. Different cross-s...

    Authors: Aprilianto E Wiria, Margaretta A Prasetyani, Firdaus Hamid, Linda J Wammes, Bertrand Lell, Iwan Ariawan, Hae Won Uh, Heri Wibowo, Yenny Djuardi, Sitti Wahyuni, Inge Sutanto, Linda May, Adrian JF Luty, Jaco J Verweij, Erliyani Sartono, Maria Yazdanbakhsh…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:77

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Viral hepatitis and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are key public health problems that pose an enormous risk for disease transmission in the general population. This study estimated, for the first time...

    Authors: Cynthia M Pérez, Edmir Marrero, Marytere Meléndez, Sandra Adrovet, Héctor Colón, Ana P Ortiz, Marievelisse Soto-Salgado, Carmen Albizu, Esther A Torres and Erick Suárez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:76

    Content type: Research article

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  23. T-cell interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) may have a role in the diagnosis of active tuberculosis when evaluating patients for whom standard microbiology has limited sensitivity. Our objective was to exam...

    Authors: Adithya Cattamanchi, Isaac Ssewenyana, J Lucian Davis, Laurence Huang, William Worodria, Saskia den Boon, Samuel Yoo, Alfred Andama, Philip C Hopewell and Huyen Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:75

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Clients of street sex workers may be at higher risk for HIV infection than the general population. Furthermore, there is a lack of knowledge regarding HIV testing of clients of sex workers in developed countries.

    Authors: Esther-Amélie Diserens, Patrick Bodenmann, Chantal N'Garambe, Anne Ansermet-Pagot, Marco Vannotti, Eric Masserey and Matthias Cavassini

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:74

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (PPV) is currently recommended in elderly and high-risk adults. However, its efficacy in preventing pneumococcal infections remains controversial. This study a...

    Authors: Angel Vila-Corcoles, Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Jorge A Guzmán, Teresa Rodriguez-Blanco, Elisabet Salsench and Cruz M Fuentes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:73

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Meropenem is a carbapenem that has an excellent activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic, facultative, and anaerobic bacteria. The major objective of the present study was to assess the in vi...

    Authors: Marie-Laure Joly-Guillou, Marie Kempf, Jean-Didier Cavallo, Monique Chomarat, Luc Dubreuil, Jeanne Maugein, Claudette Muller-Serieys and Micheline Roussel-Delvallez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:72

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Seasonal influenza imposes a substantial personal morbidity and societal cost burden. Vaccination is the major strategy for influenza prevention; however, because antigenically drifted influenza A and B viruse...

    Authors: Lisa A Jackson, Manjusha J Gaglani, Harry L Keyserling, John Balser, Nancy Bouveret, Louis Fries and John J Treanor

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:71

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A Q-fever outbreak occurred in an urban area in the south of the Netherlands in May 2008. The distribution and timing of cases suggested a common source. We studied the spatial relationship between the residen...

    Authors: Barbara Schimmer, Ronald ter Schegget, Marjolijn Wegdam, Lothar Züchner, Arnout de Bruin, Peter M Schneeberger, Thijs Veenstra, Piet Vellema and Wim van der Hoek

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:69

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Biofilm production has been established as a virulence factor which allows Staphylococcus to adhere and persist in medical devices. The objective was to determine whether therapeutic failure in patients infected ...

    Authors: Bernardo Diemond-Hernández, Fortino Solórzano-Santos, Blanca Leaños-Miranda, Leoncio Peregrino-Bejarano and Guadalupe Miranda-Novales

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:68

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The presentation and causes of adult meningitis in South Africa have changed substantially as a result of HIV. Knowledge of aetiology and laboratory findings in patients presenting with meningitis are importan...

    Authors: Joseph N Jarvis, Graeme Meintjes, Anthony Williams, Yolande Brown, Tom Crede and Thomas S Harrison

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:67

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Although, in South Korea, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(HIV/AIDS) keeps increasing and tuberculosis(TB) burden is still significant, there have been few reports on TB/HIV case...

    Authors: Chang-Hoon Lee, Ji-young Hwang, Dae-Kyu Oh, Mee-Kyung Kee, Eunjung Oh, Jung-wook An, Jinhyun Kim, Heonsook Do, Hee-Jin Kim, Sung Soon Kim, Hwahyun Kim and Jeong-Gu Nam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:66

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute febrile arthropod-borne viral disease of man and animals caused by a member of the Phlebovirus genus, one of the five genera in the family Bunyaviridae. RVF virus (RVFV) is tra...

    Authors: AlaaEddeen M Seufi and Fatma H Galal

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:65

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Effective prophylactic vaccines are available against human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, and 18 which are licensed for routine use among young women. Monitoring is needed to demonstrate protection aga...

    Authors: Anneli Uusküla, Mart Kals, Liina Kosenkranius, Louise-Anne McNutt and Jack DeHovitz J

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:63

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Despite the launch of the national plan for measles elimination, in Italy, immunization coverage remains suboptimal and outbreaks continue to occur. Two measles outbreaks, occurred in Lazio region during 2006-...

    Authors: Filippo Curtale, Fabrizio Perrelli, Jessica Mantovani, Marta Ciofi degli Atti, Antonietta Filia, Loredana Nicoletti, Fabio Magurano, Piero Borgia and Domenico Di Lallo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:62

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Skin infections are a common public health problem in developing countries; however, they are rarely managed using a population based approach. Recent data on the burden of skin infections in Timor-Leste are l...

    Authors: Milena ML dos Santos, Salvador Amaral, Sonia P Harmen, Hayley M Joseph, Jose L Fernandes and Megan L Counahan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:61

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Understanding the prevalence and risk factors for common causes of ulcerative genital disease in the general population would inform current STI syndromic management and HIV testing strategies in high HIV prev...

    Authors: John A Schneider, Vemu Lakshmi, Rakhi Dandona, G Anil Kumar, Talasila Sudha and Lalit Dandona

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:59

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Partner notification is accepted as a vital component in the control of chlamydia. However, in reality, many sexual partners of individuals diagnosed with chlamydia are never informed of their risk. The newer ...

    Authors: Carol A Hopkins, Meredith J Temple-Smith, Christopher K Fairley, Natasha L Pavlin, Jane E Tomnay, Rhian M Parker, Frank J Bowden, Darren B Russell, Jane S Hocking and Marcus Y Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:58

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) Release Assays (IGRA) are more specific than the tuberculosis skin test (TST) in the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI). We present the performance of the QuantiFERON®

    Authors: Anne M Dyrhol-Riise, Gerd Gran, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Bjørn Blomberg, Christel Gill Haanshuus and Odd Mørkve

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:57

    Content type: Research article

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  39. While influenza surveillance has increased in most developing countries in the last few years, little influenza surveillance has been carried out in sub-Saharan Africa and no information is available in Centra...

    Authors: Richard Njouom, Serge A Sadeuh Mba, Dominique Noah Noah, Victoria Gregory, Patrick Collins, Pierre Cappy, Alan Hay and Dominique Rousset

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:56

    Content type: Research article

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  40. A polymorphic malaria parasite antigen, merozoite surface protein 3 (MSP3), is among the blood stage malaria vaccine candidates. It is believed to induce immunity through cytophilic antibodies that disrupt the...

    Authors: Method D Segeja, Bruno P Mmbando, Misago D Seth, John P Lusingu and Martha M Lemnge

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:55

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To describe the characteristics of patients with tuberculosis (TB) requiring intensive care and to identify the factors that predicts in-hospital mortality in a city of a developing country with intermediate-t...

    Authors: Denise R Silva, Diego M Menegotto, Luis F Schulz, Marcelo B Gazzana and Paulo TR Dalcin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:54

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Untreated latent TB infection (LTBI) is a significant risk factor for active pulmonary tuberculosis, hence predisposing to adverse pregnancy outcomes and mother to child transmission. The prevalence of latent ...

    Authors: Faheem G Sheriff, Karim P Manji, Mohamed P Manji, Mohamedsuhel M Chagani, Rose M Mpembeni, Ahmed M Jusabani, Zaheerabbas R Alwani and Taha S Karimjee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:52

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The spatio-temporal patterns of infectious diseases that are environmentally driven reflect the combined effects of transmission dynamics and environmental heterogeneity. They contain important information on ...

    Authors: Diego Ruiz-Moreno, Mercedes Pascual, Michael Emch and Mohammad Yunus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:51

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Drug-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome (DIHS) is a severe and rare systemic reaction triggered by a drug (usually an antiepileptic drug). We present a case of DISH and we review studies on the clinical feature...

    Authors: Ivan Gentile, Maria Talamo and Guglielmo Borgia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:49

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Little is currently known regarding sputum smear reversion (acid-fast smear becomes positive again after negative conversion) during anti-tuberculous treatment. This study aimed to evaluate its occurrence in p...

    Authors: Chin-Chung Shu, Jann-Tay Wang, Chih-Hsin Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Li-Na Lee and Chong-Jen Yu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:48

    Content type: Research article

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