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  1. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) serotype (Ia, Ib, II-IX) correlates with pathogen virulence and clinical prognosis. Epidemiological studies of seroprevalence are an important metric for determining the proportion of ...

    Authors: Danielle L Ippolito, Wesley A James, Deborah Tinnemore, Raywin R Huang, Mary J Dehart, Julie Williams, Mark A Wingerd and Samandra T Demons

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:336

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Hypoglycaemia is an independent risk factor for death in severe malaria and a recognized adverse treatment effect of parenteral quinine. In 2006 our hospital changed quinine treatment policy from 15 mg/kg load...

    Authors: Gilbert N Ogetii, Samuel Akech, Julie Jemutai, Mwanamvua Boga, Esther Kivaya, Greg Fegan and Kathryn Maitland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:334

    Content type: Research article

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  3. blood cytokines and chemokines have been proposed as biomarkers for tuberculosis (TB). Recently, some immune mediators found in the urine of patients with renal dysfunctions have also been suggested as potenti...

    Authors: Angela Cannas, Ludovica Calvo, Teresa Chiacchio, Gilda Cuzzi, Valentina Vanini, Francesco N Lauria, Luigia Pucci, Enrico Girardi and Delia Goletti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:333

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Leptospirosis is becoming a major public health threat in Sri Lanka as well as in other countries. We designed a case control study to determine the factors associated with local transmission of leptospirosis ...

    Authors: Suneth B Agampodi, Dhanaseela B Nugegoda and Vasanthi Thevanesam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:332

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Several active ingredients proposed as vaginal microbicides have been shown paradoxically to increase susceptibility to infection in mouse genital herpes (HSV-2) vaginal susceptibility models and in clinical tria...

    Authors: Thomas R Moench, Russell J Mumper, Timothy E Hoen, Mianmian Sun and Richard A Cone

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:331

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Europeans represent the majority of international travellers and clinicians encountering returned patients have an essential role in recognizing, and communicating travel-associated public health risks.

    Authors: Vanessa Field, Philippe Gautret, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Gerd-Dieter Burchard, Eric Caumes, Mogens Jensenius, Francesco Castelli, Effrossyni Gkrania-Klotsas, Leisa Weld, Rogelio Lopez-Velez, Peter de Vries, Frank von Sonnenburg, Louis Loutan and Philippe Parola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:330

    Content type: Research article

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  7. High rates of loss to follow-up (LTFU) are undermining rapidly expanding antiretroviral treatment (ART) services in sub-Saharan Africa. The intelligent dispensing of ART (iDART) is an open-source electronic ph...

    Authors: Mweete D Nglazi, Richard Kaplan, Robin Wood, Linda-Gail Bekker and Stephen D Lawn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:329

    Content type: Research article

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  8. There are few studies in Brazil that address baseline prevalence of MRSA colonization and associated risk factors at hospital admission, or the incidence of nosocomial colonization. We report a prospective stu...

    Authors: Helena B Santos, Denise P Machado, Suzi A Camey, Ricardo S Kuchenbecker, Afonso L Barth and Mário B Wagner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:328

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Group A Streptococcus (GAS) strain diversity varies across different regions of the world, according to low versus high-income countries. These differences may be related to geographic, environmental, socioeconom...

    Authors: Sara Y Tartof, Joice N Reis, Aurelio N Andrade, Regina T Ramos, Mitermayer G Reis and Lee W Riley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:327

    Content type: Research article

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  10. HPV burden is a predictor for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer. The natural history of HPV load in young women being recently exposed to HPV is described in this paper.

    Authors: Agnihotram V Ramanakumar, Otelinda Goncalves, Harriet Richardson, Pierre Tellier, Alex Ferenczy, François Coutlée and Eduardo L Franco

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:326

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The aim of the study was to explore the acceptability and uptake of on-campus screening using a youth friendly approach in two Third Level higher education institutions (HEIs). This study is part of wider rese...

    Authors: Deirdre Vaughan, Emer O'Connell, Martin Cormican, Ruairi Brugha, Colette Faherty, Myles Balfe and Diarmuid O'Donovan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:325

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Listeria monocytogenes is the third most frequent cause of bacterial meningitis. The aim of this study is to know the incidence and risk factors associated with development of acute community-acquired Lm meningi...

    Authors: Rosario Amaya-Villar, Emilio García-Cabrera, Elena Sulleiro-Igual, Pedro Fernández-Viladrich, Dionisi Fontanals-Aymerich, Pilar Catalán-Alonso, Carlos Rodrigo-Gonzalo de Liria, Ana Coloma-Conde, Fabio Grill-Díaz, Antonio Guerrero-Espejo, Jerónimo Pachón and Guillén Prats-Pastor

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:324

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Variations of porB1A and porB1B genes and their serotypes exist in Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from different geographical areas, and some site mutations in the porB1B gene correlate with drug resistance.

    Authors: Aihua Sun, Xingli Fan, Ye Gu, Peng Du, Renxian Tang, Yafei Mao, Xuai Lin and Jie Yan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:323

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Health care workers (HCWs) presented frequent concerns regarding their health and their families' health and high levels of psychological distress during previous disease outbreaks, such as the SARS outbreak, ...

    Authors: Panagiota Goulia, Christos Mantas, Danai Dimitroula, Dimitrios Mantis and Thomas Hyphantis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:322

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are at risk for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) coinfection. The advent of antiretroviral therapy restores immunity in HIV-infected patients, but predisp...

    Authors: Jiun-Nong Lin, Chung-Hsu Lai, Yen-Hsu Chen, Lin-Li Chang, Susan Shin-Jung Lee and Hsi-Hsun Lin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:321

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Influenza-like illness (ILI) is often defined as fever (>38.0°C) with cough or sore throat. In this study, we tested the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of this case defin...

    Authors: Matthew R Kasper, Thomas F Wierzba, Ly Sovann, Patrick J Blair and Shannon D Putnam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:320

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The diagnosis and antimicrobial treatment of pneumonia in African children in the absence of diagnostic means such as x-ray facilities or microbiological laboratories relies primarily on clinical symptoms pres...

    Authors: Norbert G Schwarz, Nimako Sarpong, Frank Hünger, Florian Marks, Samuel EK Acquah, Alex Agyekum, Bernard Nkrumah, Wibke Loag, Ralf M Hagen, Jennifer A Evans, Denise Dekker, Julius N Fobil, Christian G Meyer, Jürgen May and Yaw Adu-Sarkodie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:319

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The mortality in patients with persistent low CD4 count despite several years of HAART with sustained viral suppression is poorly documented. We aimed to identify predictors for inadequate CD4 cell recovery an...

    Authors: Frederik N Engsig, Jan Gerstoft, Gitte Kronborg, Carsten S Larsen, Gitte Pedersen, Birgit Røge, Janne Jensen, Lars N Nielsen and Niels Obel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:318

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Serological testing for Lyme borreliosis (LB) is frequently requested by general practitioners for patients with a wide variety of symptoms.

    Authors: Ram B Dessau, Jette M Bangsborg, Tove Ejlertsen, Sigurdur Skarphedinsson and Henrik C Schønheyder

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:317

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The 2009 pandemic of influenza A (H1N1) infection has alerted many governments to make preparedness plan to control the spread of influenza A (H1N1) infection. Vaccination for influenza is one of the most impo...

    Authors: Samuel YS Wong, Eliza LY Wong, Josette Chor, Kenny Kung, Paul KS Chan, Carmen Wong and Sian M Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:316

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Otitis media (OM), one of the most common pediatric infectious diseases, causes inner ear inflammation resulting in vertigo and sensorineural hearing loss. Previously, we showed that spiral ligament fibrocytes...

    Authors: Jeong-Im Woo, Huiqi Pan, Sejo Oh, David J Lim and Sung K Moon

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:314

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Hospitals with inadequate infection control are risky environments for the emergence and transmission of tuberculosis (TB). We evaluated TB infection control practices, and the prevalence of latent TB infectio...

    Authors: Guang Xue He, Susan van den Hof, Marieke J van der Werf, Guo Jie Wang, Shi Wen Ma, Dong Yang Zhao, Yuan Lian Hu, Shi Cheng Yu and Martien W Borgdorff

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:313

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In a previous study we observed an increasing trend in candidemia in Finland in the 1990s. Our aim was now to investigate further population-based secular trends, as well as outcome, and evaluate the associati...

    Authors: Eira Poikonen, Outi Lyytikäinen, Veli-Jukka Anttila, Irma Koivula, Jukka Lumio, Pirkko Kotilainen, Hannu Syrjälä and Petri Ruutu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:312

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Diarrhea is common in HIV/AIDS patients, caused by both classic enteric pathogens and different opportunistic agents. Infection with these different pathogens may lead to similar radiological findings, thus causi...

    Authors: Rohit Singla, Samriti Hari and Surendra K Sharma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:310

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Meningococcal infection causes severe, rapidly progressing illness and reporting of cases is mandatory in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. The NSW Department of Health operates near real-time Emergency Depart...

    Authors: Libby O'Toole, David J Muscatello, Wei Zheng and Tim Churches

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:309

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Since the Influenza A pandemic in 1819, the association between the influenza virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae has been well described in literature. While a leading role has been so far attributed solely to In...

    Authors: Timothy Aebi, Maja Weisser, Evelyne Bucher, Hans H Hirsch, Stephan Marsch and Martin Siegemund

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:308

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Klebsiella pneumoniae is the major cause of community-acquired pyogenic infections in Taiwan. This retrospective study evaluated the clinical and microbiological characteristics of bacteremic community-acquired ...

    Authors: Yi-Tsung Lin, Yuan-Yu Jeng, Te-Li Chen and Chang-Phone Fung

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:307

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Recent in vitro evidence suggests a link between vitamin D status and the risk of tuberculosis (TB). This study sought to examine the association between vitamin D status, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and the risk o...

    Authors: Lan T Ho-Pham, Nguyen D Nguyen, Tong T Nguyen, Dung H Nguyen, Phuong K Bui, Vien N Nguyen and Tuan V Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:306

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Although the most frequent extra-pulmonary manifestations of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection involve the cardiovascular system, no data regarding heart function in infants with bronchiolitis associ...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Patrizia Salice, Samantha Bosis, Silvia Ghiglia, Elena Tremolati, Claudia Tagliabue, Laura Gualtieri, Paolo Barbier, Carlotta Galeone, Paola Marchisio and Nicola Principi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:305

    Content type: Research article

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  30. To determine the prevalence of carriage of respiratory bacterial pathogens, and the risk factors for and serotype distribution of pneumococcal carriage in an Australian Aboriginal population.

    Authors: Grant A Mackenzie, Amanda J Leach, Jonathan R Carapetis, Janelle Fisher and Peter S Morris

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:304

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In France, it is estimated that 24% of HIV-infected patients are also infected with HCV. Longitudinal studies addressing clinical and public health questions related to HIV-HCV co-infection (HIV-HCV clinical p...

    Authors: Marc-Arthur Loko, Dominique Salmon, Patrizia Carrieri, Maria Winnock, Marion Mora, Laurence Merchadou, Stéphanie Gillet, Elodie Pambrun, Jean Delaune, Marc-Antoine Valantin, Isabelle Poizot-Martin, Didier Neau, Philippe Bonnard, Eric Rosenthal, Karl Barange, Philippe Morlat…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:303

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Melioidosis, a severe and fatal infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is believed to an emerging global threat. However, data on the natural history, risk factors, and geographic epidemiology of...

    Authors: Muhammad RA Hassan, Subhada P Pani, Ng P Peng, Kirtanaa Voralu, Natesan Vijayalakshmi, Ranjith Mehanderkar, Norasmidar A Aziz and Edwin Michael

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:302

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The level of herd immunity before and after the first 2009 pandemic season is not precisely known, and predicting the shape of the next pandemic H1N1 season is a difficult challenge.

    Authors: Fabrice Carrat, Camille Pelat, Daniel Levy-Bruhl, Isabelle Bonmarin and Nathanael Lapidus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:301

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Members of the CD36 scavenger receptor family have been implicated as sensors of microbial products that mediate phagocytosis and inflammation in response to a broad range of pathogens. We investigated the rol...

    Authors: Michael Hawkes, Xiaoming Li, Maryanne Crockett, Angelina Diassiti, Constance Finney, Gundula Min-Oo, W Conrad Liles, Jun Liu and Kevin C Kain

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:299

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Combination vaccines improve coverage, compliance and effectively introduce new antigens to mass vaccination programmes. This was a phase III, observer-blind, randomized study of GSK Biologicals diphtheria-tet...

    Authors: Sukanta Chatterjee, Sylvan J Rego, Fulton D'Souza, BD Bhatia, Alix Collard, Sanjoy K Datta and Jeanne-Marie Jacquet

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:298

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis (DTPw)-based combination vaccines are an attractive option to rapidly achieve high coverage and protection against other important pathogens, such as hepatitis B virus (...

    Authors: Felix Espinoza, Miguel Tregnaghi, Angela Gentile, Katia Abarca, Javier Casellas, Alix Collard, Inge Lefevre and Jeanne-Marie Jacquet

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:297

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The trajectory of an infectious disease outbreak is affected by the behavior of individuals, and the behavior is often related to individuals' risk perception. We assessed temporal changes and geographical dif...

    Authors: Yoko Ibuka, Gretchen B Chapman, Lauren A Meyers, Meng Li and Alison P Galvani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:296

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The implementation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among HIV-positive patients results in immune reconstitution, slower progression of HIV disease, and a decrease in the occurrence of opportuni...

    Authors: Sadeep Shrestha, Staci L Sudenga, Jennifer S Smith, Laura H Bachmann, Craig M Wilson and Mirjam C Kempf

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:295

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In Laos, small backyard poultry systems predominate (90%). The first lethal human cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) occurred in 2007. Few studies have addressed the impact of outbreaks and educ...

    Authors: Hubert Barennes, Aina N Harimanana, Somchay Lorvongseng, Somvay Ongkhammy and Cindy Chu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:294

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Implementing Chlamydia trachomatis screening in the Netherlands has been a point of debate for several years. The National Health Council advised against implementing nationwide screening until additional data co...

    Authors: Jan EAM van Bergen, Johannes SA Fennema, Ingrid VF van den Broek, Elfi EHG Brouwers, Eva M de Feijter, Christian JPA Hoebe, Rik H Koekenbier, Eline LM Op de Coul, Sander M van Ravesteijn and Hannelore M Götz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:293

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Surveillance cultures may be helpful in identifying patients at increased risk of developing invasive candidiasis. However, only scant information exists on the effect of Candida colonization on serum levels of d...

    Authors: Eiman Mokaddas, Mona HA Burhamah, Zia U Khan and Suhail Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:292

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Used in conjunction with biological surveillance, behavioural surveillance provides data allowing for a more precise definition of HIV/STI prevention strategies. In 2008, mapping of behavioural surveillance in...

    Authors: Françoise Dubois-Arber, André Jeannin, Brenda Spencer, Jean-Pierre Gervasoni, Bertrand Graz, Jonathan Elford, Vivian Hope, France Lert, Helen Ward, Mary Haour-Knipe, Nicola Low and Marita van de Laar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:290

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Cryptococcus neoformans is commonly associated with meningoencephalitis in immunocompromised patients and occasionally in apparently healthy individuals. Recurrence of infection after initial treatment is not un...

    Authors: María T Illnait-Zaragozí, Gerardo F Martínez-Machín, Carlos M Fernández-Andreu, Ferry Hagen, Teun Boekhout, Corné HW Klaassen and Jacques F Meis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:289

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Data for predicting which patients with pandemic influenza A (H1N1) infection are likely to run a complicated course are sparse. We retrospectively studied whether the admission serum C-reactive protein (CRP) ...

    Authors: Ofer Zimmerman, Ori Rogowski, Galit Aviram, Michal Mizrahi, David Zeltser, Dan Justo, Esther Dahan, Roy Arad, Oholi Touvia, Luba Tau, Jalal Tarabeia, Shlomo Berliner and Yael Paran

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:288

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Tigecycline is a novel antibiotic with activity against multidrug resistant bacteria. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of tigecycline use in serious hospital-acquired infections (HAI)

    Authors: Matteo Bassetti, Laura Nicolini, Ernestina Repetto, Elda Righi, Valerio Del Bono and Claudio Viscoli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:287

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus; GBS) is a significant cause of perinatal and neonatal infections worldwide. To detect GBS colonization in pregnant women, the CDC recommends isolation of the bact...

    Authors: Nabil A El Aila, Inge Tency, Geert Claeys, Bart Saerens, Piet Cools, Hans Verstraelen, Marleen Temmerman, Rita Verhelst and Mario Vaneechoutte

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:285

    Content type: Research article

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