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  1. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended a new regimen for treatment of latent tuberculosis (three months of weekly isoniazid and rifapentine) in late 2011. While completion rates ...

    Authors: Adelaide H. McClintock, McKenna Eastment, Christy M. McKinney, Caroline L. Pitney, Masahiro Narita, David R. Park, Shireesha Dhanireddy and Alexandra Molnar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:146
  2. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is essential for an effective tuberculosis (TB) control program. However, significant proportion of cases remains undiagnosed and untreated. Delay in diagnosis and treatmen...

    Authors: Selamsew Bogale, Ermias Diro, Atsede Mazengia Shiferaw and Melaku Kindie Yenit
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:145
  3. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is an emerging viral pathogen that causes severe morbidity and mortality. Up to date, there is no approved or licensed vaccine or antiviral medicines can...

    Authors: Shih-Chao Lin, Chi-Tang Ho, Wen-Ho Chuo, Shiming Li, Tony T. Wang and Chi-Chen Lin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:144
  4. Currently, there is no agreed standard for exploring the antimicrobial activity of wound antiseptics in a phase 2/ step 2 test protocol. In the present study, a standardised in-vitro test is proposed, which al...

    Authors: Kathrin Schedler, Ojan Assadian, Uta Brautferger, Gerald Müller, Torsten Koburger, Simon Classen and Axel Kramer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:143
  5. There is paucity data on the association of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and active tuberculosis (TB) in southern Africa where the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is co-endemic. We examined the association of...

    Authors: Cuthbert Musarurwa, Lynn Sodai Zijenah, Doreen Zvipo Duri, Kudzie Mateveke-Dangaiso, Kudakwashe Mhandire, Maria Mary Chipiti, Marshall Wesley Munjoma and Witmore Bayayi Mujaji
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:142
  6. We conducted a study to identify Rickettsia, Coxiella, Leptospira, Bartonella, and Chikungunya virus infections among febrile patients presenting at hospitals in Bangladesh.

    Authors: Labib Imran Faruque, Rashid Uz Zaman, Emily S. Gurley, Robert F. Massung, A. S. M. Alamgir, Renee L. Galloway, Ann M. Powers, Ying Bai, Michael Kosoy, William L. Nicholson, Mahmudur Rahman and Stephen P. Luby
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:141
  7. Immigrants originating from intermediate and high HCV prevalence countries may be at increased risk of exposure to hepatitis C infection (HCV) in their countries of origin, however they are not routinely scree...

    Authors: Christina Greenaway, Laurent Azoulay, Robert Allard, Joseph Cox, Viet Anh Tran, Claire Nour Abou Chakra, Russ Steele and Marina Klein
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:140
  8. Bronchiolitis is considered one of the earliest and most common causes of hospitalisation in young children. Development of molecular technologies allowed a better understanding of bronchiolitis aetiology. Res...

    Authors: Ibrahim Janahi, Anas Abdulkayoum, Fawziya Almeshwesh, Mohamed Alkuwari, Ahmed Al hammadi and Marwah Alameri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:139
  9. Extended Spectrum Beta- Lactamase producing organisms causing urinary tract infections (ESBL-UTI) are increasing in incidence and pose a major burden to health care. While ESBL producing Klebsiella species see...

    Authors: M. M. P. S. C. Fernando, W. A. N. V. Luke, J. K. N. D. Miththinda, R. D. S. S. Wickramasinghe, B. S. Sebastiampillai, M. P. M. L. Gunathilake, F. H. D. S. Silva and R. Premaratna
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:138
  10. Tuberculosis is a serious public health problem worldwide. It is the leading cause of death amongst people living with HIV, and default from tuberculosis (TB) treatment in people living with HIV increases the ...

    Authors: R Cunha, M Maruza, UR Montarroyos, I Coimbra, D de B Miranda-Filho, M de F Albuquerque, HR Lacerda and RAA Ximenes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:137
  11. The outbreak of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic (H1N1pdm) affected thousands of people in Mexico and the United States, and spread rapidly throughout the world from April 2009 to July 2010. To explore the age...

    Authors: Jin Lv, Zhen-Yong Ren, Ying-Ying Zhang, Yun-E Liu, Jun Gao, Kun Yao, Dan Feng, Zhen-Yuan Li, Xin Feng, Yun-Xi Liu and Na Jia
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:136
  12. Phanerochaete sordida is a species of wood rotting fungus, which can degrade lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose contained in wood and other hard-to-biodegrade organic substances. Howe...

    Authors: Naoki Watanabe, Kiyofumi Ohkusu, Masaya Okuda, Osamu Imataki, Tomoya Ishii, Kiyoshi Negayama, Akira Tadokoro, Nobuyuki Kita, Takehiro Takagi, Nobuhiro Kanaji, Norimitsu Kadowaki and Shuji Bandoh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:135
  13. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most common causes of respiratory tract infections among young children and the elderly. Timely and accurate diagnosis of respiratory tract infections improves p...

    Authors: Kevin E. Eboigbodin, Kirsi Moilanen, Sonja Elf and Mark Hoser
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:134
  14. Pneumococcal carriage is the precursor for development of pneumococcal disease, and is also responsible for transmission of the organism from person-to-person. In Africa, little is known about the pneumococcus...

    Authors: Eric S. Donkor, Jennifer A. Annan, Ebenezer V. Badoe, Nicholas T. K. D. Dayie, Appiah-Korang Labi and Hans-Christian Slotved
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:133
  15. Tuberculosis/Human immunodeficiency virus (TB/HIV) co-infection is bidirectional and synergistic which mainly affects interventions that have been taken on the area. Tb patients co-infected with HIV have poore...

    Authors: Yenework Sinshaw, Shitaye Alemu, Abel Fekadu and Mucheye Gizachew
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:132
  16. Inappropriate use of broad-spectrum antimicrobials affects adversely both the individual patient and the general public. The aim of the study was to identify patients at risk for excessively prolonged carbapen...

    Authors: Juri Katchanov, Benno Kreuels, Florian P. Maurer, Kai Wöstmann, Johannes Jochum, Christina König, Kariem Seoudy, Holger Rohde, Ansgar W. Lohse, Dominic Wichmann, Michael Baehr, Camilla Rothe and Stefan Kluge
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:131
  17. Ukraine is among ten countries with the highest burden of multidrug- resistant TB (MDR-TB) worldwide. Treatment success rates for MDR-TB in Ukraine remain below global success rates as reported by the World He...

    Authors: Omowunmi Aibana, Mariya Bachmaha, Viatcheslav Krasiuk, Natasha Rybak, Timothy P. Flanigan, Vasyl Petrenko and Megan B. Murray
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:129
  18. Respiratory viruses are associated with a huge socio-economic burden and are responsible for a large proportion of acute respiratory illness in hospitalised adults. Laboratory PCR is accurate but takes at leas...

    Authors: Nathan J. Brendish, Ahalya K. Malachira and Tristan W. Clark
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:128
  19. In the last 20 years routine T CD4+ lymphocyte (CD4+) cell count has proved to be a key factor to determine the stage of HIV infection and start or discontinue of prophylaxis for opportunistic infections. Howe...

    Authors: Antonio Di Biagio, Marta Ameri, Davide Sirello, Giovanni Cenderello, Enrico Di Bella, Lucia Taramasso, Barbara Giannini, Mauro Giacomini, Claudio Viscoli, Giovanni Cassola and Marcello Montefiori
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:127
  20. The Human papillomavirus is the most common sexually transmitted virus worldwide. The objective of this study was to estimate: 1) the prevalence and the incidence of external genital warts (eGW) in a sample of...

    Authors: Barbara Suligoi, Giorgio Vittori, Maria Cristina Salfa, Laura Timelli, Dario Corsini, Giovanni Fattorini and Luciano Mariani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:126
  21. Diabetes complicates tuberculosis (TB) treatment including a prolonged time of sputum culture conversion to negative growth. Since 2013 in Virginia, interventions early in the treatment course have used therap...

    Authors: Yosra Alkabab, Suzanne Keller, Denise Dodge, Eric Houpt, Deborah Staley and Scott Heysell
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:125
  22. In the course of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa that was witnessed since early 2014, the response mechanisms showed deficits in terms of timeliness, volume and adequacy. The authors were deployed in the Ebo...

    Authors: Christian Janke, Katrin Moira Heim, Florian Steiner, Moses Massaquoi, Miatta Zenabu Gbanya, Claudia Frey and Guenter Froeschl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:124
  23. As access to Xpert expands in high TB-burden settings, its performance against clinically diagnosed TB as a reference standard provides important insight as the majority of childhood TB is bacteriologically un...

    Authors: Jason M. Bacha, Katherine Ngo, Petra Clowes, Heather R. Draper, Elias N. Ntinginya, Andrew DiNardo, Chacha Mangu, Issa Sabi, Bariki Mtafya and Anna M. Mandalakas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:123
  24. Data on the impact of empirical antibiotic treatment (EAT) on patient outcome in a population-based setting are sparse. We assessed the association between EAT and the risk of recurrence within one year, short...

    Authors: Kim O. Gradel, Ulrich S. Jensen, Henrik C. Schønheyder, Christian Østergaard, Jenny D. Knudsen, Sonja Wehberg and Mette Søgaard
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:122
  25. The purpose of this study was to describe what is known about HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases, infection transmission routes, care, and sources of information, from the viewpoint of men h...

    Authors: Tarja Suominen, Teppo Heikkinen, Marja Pakarinen, Anne-Mari Sepponen and Jari Kylmä
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:121
  26. Due to a lack of survey of health care seeking behavior for influenza, the actual magnitude of influenza in Beijing of China has not been well described.

    Authors: Xiaoli Wang, Shuangsheng Wu, Peng Yang, Hongjun Li, Yanhui Chu, Yaqing Tang, Weiyu Hua, Haiyan Zhang, Chao Li and Quanyi Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:120
  27. Surgical site infections are commonest nosocomial infections and responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality as well as increased hospitalizations and treatment cost related to surgical operations. Th...

    Authors: Tamrat Legesse Laloto, Desta Hiko Gemeda and Sadikalmahdi Hussen Abdella
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:119
  28. Tuberculosis is considered the second most common cause of death due to infectious agent. The currently preferred regimen for treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and...

    Authors: Mohammad H. Al-Shaer, Hanine Mansour, Hazem Elewa, Pascale Salameh and Fatima Iqbal
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:118
  29. Bacterial diarrhoeal disease is among the most common causes of mortality and morbidity in children 0–59 months at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia. However, most cases are treated empiricall...

    Authors: Harriet Chiyangi, John B. Muma, Sydney Malama, Joel Manyahi, Ahmed Abade, Geoffrey Kwenda and Mecky I. Matee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:117
  30. The occurrence of bloodstream infection (BSI) and antimicrobial resistance have been increasing in many countries. We studied trends in antimicrobial resistance and empiric antibiotic therapy at a medium-sized...

    Authors: Arne Mehl, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Angela Kümmel, Stian Lydersen, Julie Paulsen, Ingvild Haugan, Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås, Stig Harthug and Tom-Harald Edna
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:116

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:446

  31. Although Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) infection may cause extrapulmonary disease in HIV-infected adults, HIV-associated hepatic TB has been poorly characterized. Our objective was to describe hepatic TB in HIV...

    Authors: Lilishia Gounder, Pravikrishnen Moodley, Paul K. Drain, Andrew J. Hickey and Mahomed-Yunus S. Moosa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:115
  32. Reactivated cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection has been known to cause significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. However, CMV disease rarely develops in immunocompetent patients, and repo...

    Authors: Chun-Yuan Lee, Yen-Hsu Chen and Po-Liang Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:113
  33. Nosocomial pneumonia has correlated to dental plaque and to oropharynx colonization in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. The interruption of this process, by preventing colonization of pathogenic bact...

    Authors: Claudia Fernanda de Lacerda Vidal, Aurora Karla de Lacerda Vidal, José Gildo de Moura Monteiro Jr., Aracele Cavalcanti, Ana Paula da Costa Henriques, Márcia Oliveira, Michele Godoy, Mirella Coutinho, Pollyanna Dutra Sobral, Claudia Ângela Vilela, Bárbara Gomes, Marta Amorim Leandro, Ulisses Montarroyos, Ricardo de Alencar Ximenes and Heloísa Ramos Lacerda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:112

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:173

  34. Early rising asexual parasitaemia (ERAP), initially defined as ‘an increase in the parasite count over the baseline pre-treatment level during the first 24 h of treatment’ of falciparum malaria with artemisini...

    Authors: Akintunde Sowunmi, Kazeem Akano, Adejumoke I. Ayede, Elsie O. Adewoye, Godwin Ntadom, Bayo Fatunmbi, Grace O. Gbotosho, Onikepe A. Folarin and Christian T. Happi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:110
  35. Community-genotype methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CG-MRSA) clones are a global concern due to their resistance and increased virulence and their ability to cause infections both hospitalized patient...

    Authors: Javier Escobar-Perez, Niradiz Reyes, Ricaurte Alejandro Marquez-Ortiz, Juan Rebollo, Hernando Pinzón, Catalina Tovar, Jaime Moreno-Castañeda, Zayda Lorena Corredor, Betsy Esperanza Castro, Maria Victoria Moncada and Natasha Vanegas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:108
  36. Cervical cancer and its precursor, high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2/3), are associated with persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. HPV genotype prevalence varies with sev...

    Authors: Lei Zhang, Qingqing Bi, Hua Deng, Jing Xu, Juan Chen, Meilian Zhang and Xiaofeng Mu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:107
  37. Neurocysticercosis is endemic in most countries of Central and South America but has rarely been described in the French West Indies. We aimed to better understand the clinical and radiological presentation of...

    Authors: R. Blaizot, B. Melot, K. Schepers, M. Nicolas, S. Gaumond, P. Poullain, L. Belaye, A. Lannuzel and B. Hoen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:106
  38. Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that usually presents as a primary lung infection. The fungus is endemic to the Southwest United States of America, northern Mexico and parts of Central and South Ameri...

    Authors: Ole Bæk, Karen Astvad, Reza Serizawa, Lawrence J. Wheat, Pia T. Brenøe and Ann-Brit E. Hansen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:105
  39. The diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) can be extremely difficult in the absence of culture confirmation. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) adenosine deaminase (ADA) can potentially assist in this regard, altho...

    Authors: Pieter Ekermans, Adriano Dusé and Jaya George
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:104
  40. Data on the burden of dysglycemia among HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Africa are limited. We determined the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes among HIV-infected patients who st...

    Authors: George PrayGod, John Changalucha, Saidi Kapiga, Robert Peck, Jim Todd and Suzanne Filteau
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:103
  41. In patients, rapid identification of bacterial species may help to guide treatment at early stages. New protocols for the identification directly from positive blood culture flasks significantly helped in the ...

    Authors: Matthias von Rotz, Alexa Dierig, Ulrich Heininger, Carl Chrobak, Veronika Baettig and Adrian Egli
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:102
  42. Brucellosis is one of the major zoonoses globally with great veterinary and public health importance, particularly in developing countries where people are having frequent contact with livestock and animal pro...

    Authors: Amanuel Tsegay, Getachew Tuli, Tesfu Kassa and Nigatu Kebede
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:101
  43. Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the world’s deadliest communicable diseases. In Ethiopia, tuberculosis patients have different pattern of health care seeking behavior. They usually adopt other approaches like...

    Authors: Dejene Derseh, Feleke Moges and Belay Tessema
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:100
  44. The sodium taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide, encoded by SLC10A1, was identified as a functional receptor for hepatitis B virus (HBV). The objective of this study was to determine if there was an associ...

    Authors: Sayeh Ezzikouri, Hajar Chihab, Abdellah Elhabazi, Lahcen Wakrim and Soumaya Benjelloun
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:99
  45. Hyponatremia is a frequent electrolyte disorder in HIV-infected patients with a prevalence of up to 56% in the pre-cART era. Several studies have demonstrated that patients with hyponatremia are at an increase...

    Authors: Philippe Braconnier, Marc Delforge, Maria Garjau, Karl Martin Wissing and Stéphane De Wit
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:98
  46. Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL), a protozoan infectious disease, is very rare in Iran despite the endemicity of both cutaneous and visceral forms. It is transmitted by the Phlebotomus sand fly. The lip is consi...

    Authors: Iraj Mohammadpour, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Farhad Handjani and Gholam Reza Hatam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:96

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