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  1. Klebsiella pneumoniae is the major cause of community-acquired pyogenic infections in Taiwan. This retrospective study evaluated the clinical and microbiological characteristics of bacteremic community-acquired ...

    Authors: Yi-Tsung Lin, Yuan-Yu Jeng, Te-Li Chen and Chang-Phone Fung

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:307

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Although the most frequent extra-pulmonary manifestations of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection involve the cardiovascular system, no data regarding heart function in infants with bronchiolitis associ...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Patrizia Salice, Samantha Bosis, Silvia Ghiglia, Elena Tremolati, Claudia Tagliabue, Laura Gualtieri, Paolo Barbier, Carlotta Galeone, Paola Marchisio and Nicola Principi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:305

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To determine the prevalence of carriage of respiratory bacterial pathogens, and the risk factors for and serotype distribution of pneumococcal carriage in an Australian Aboriginal population.

    Authors: Grant A Mackenzie, Amanda J Leach, Jonathan R Carapetis, Janelle Fisher and Peter S Morris

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:304

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In France, it is estimated that 24% of HIV-infected patients are also infected with HCV. Longitudinal studies addressing clinical and public health questions related to HIV-HCV co-infection (HIV-HCV clinical p...

    Authors: Marc-Arthur Loko, Dominique Salmon, Patrizia Carrieri, Maria Winnock, Marion Mora, Laurence Merchadou, Stéphanie Gillet, Elodie Pambrun, Jean Delaune, Marc-Antoine Valantin, Isabelle Poizot-Martin, Didier Neau, Philippe Bonnard, Eric Rosenthal, Karl Barange, Philippe Morlat…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:303

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Melioidosis, a severe and fatal infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is believed to an emerging global threat. However, data on the natural history, risk factors, and geographic epidemiology of...

    Authors: Muhammad RA Hassan, Subhada P Pani, Ng P Peng, Kirtanaa Voralu, Natesan Vijayalakshmi, Ranjith Mehanderkar, Norasmidar A Aziz and Edwin Michael

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:302

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The level of herd immunity before and after the first 2009 pandemic season is not precisely known, and predicting the shape of the next pandemic H1N1 season is a difficult challenge.

    Authors: Fabrice Carrat, Camille Pelat, Daniel Levy-Bruhl, Isabelle Bonmarin and Nathanael Lapidus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:301

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Members of the CD36 scavenger receptor family have been implicated as sensors of microbial products that mediate phagocytosis and inflammation in response to a broad range of pathogens. We investigated the rol...

    Authors: Michael Hawkes, Xiaoming Li, Maryanne Crockett, Angelina Diassiti, Constance Finney, Gundula Min-Oo, W Conrad Liles, Jun Liu and Kevin C Kain

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:299

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Combination vaccines improve coverage, compliance and effectively introduce new antigens to mass vaccination programmes. This was a phase III, observer-blind, randomized study of GSK Biologicals diphtheria-tet...

    Authors: Sukanta Chatterjee, Sylvan J Rego, Fulton D'Souza, BD Bhatia, Alix Collard, Sanjoy K Datta and Jeanne-Marie Jacquet

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:298

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis (DTPw)-based combination vaccines are an attractive option to rapidly achieve high coverage and protection against other important pathogens, such as hepatitis B virus (...

    Authors: Felix Espinoza, Miguel Tregnaghi, Angela Gentile, Katia Abarca, Javier Casellas, Alix Collard, Inge Lefevre and Jeanne-Marie Jacquet

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:297

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The trajectory of an infectious disease outbreak is affected by the behavior of individuals, and the behavior is often related to individuals' risk perception. We assessed temporal changes and geographical dif...

    Authors: Yoko Ibuka, Gretchen B Chapman, Lauren A Meyers, Meng Li and Alison P Galvani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:296

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The implementation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among HIV-positive patients results in immune reconstitution, slower progression of HIV disease, and a decrease in the occurrence of opportuni...

    Authors: Sadeep Shrestha, Staci L Sudenga, Jennifer S Smith, Laura H Bachmann, Craig M Wilson and Mirjam C Kempf

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:295

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In Laos, small backyard poultry systems predominate (90%). The first lethal human cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) occurred in 2007. Few studies have addressed the impact of outbreaks and educ...

    Authors: Hubert Barennes, Aina N Harimanana, Somchay Lorvongseng, Somvay Ongkhammy and Cindy Chu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:294

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Implementing Chlamydia trachomatis screening in the Netherlands has been a point of debate for several years. The National Health Council advised against implementing nationwide screening until additional data co...

    Authors: Jan EAM van Bergen, Johannes SA Fennema, Ingrid VF van den Broek, Elfi EHG Brouwers, Eva M de Feijter, Christian JPA Hoebe, Rik H Koekenbier, Eline LM Op de Coul, Sander M van Ravesteijn and Hannelore M Götz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:293

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Surveillance cultures may be helpful in identifying patients at increased risk of developing invasive candidiasis. However, only scant information exists on the effect of Candida colonization on serum levels of d...

    Authors: Eiman Mokaddas, Mona HA Burhamah, Zia U Khan and Suhail Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:292

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Used in conjunction with biological surveillance, behavioural surveillance provides data allowing for a more precise definition of HIV/STI prevention strategies. In 2008, mapping of behavioural surveillance in...

    Authors: Françoise Dubois-Arber, André Jeannin, Brenda Spencer, Jean-Pierre Gervasoni, Bertrand Graz, Jonathan Elford, Vivian Hope, France Lert, Helen Ward, Mary Haour-Knipe, Nicola Low and Marita van de Laar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:290

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Cryptococcus neoformans is commonly associated with meningoencephalitis in immunocompromised patients and occasionally in apparently healthy individuals. Recurrence of infection after initial treatment is not un...

    Authors: María T Illnait-Zaragozí, Gerardo F Martínez-Machín, Carlos M Fernández-Andreu, Ferry Hagen, Teun Boekhout, Corné HW Klaassen and Jacques F Meis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:289

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Data for predicting which patients with pandemic influenza A (H1N1) infection are likely to run a complicated course are sparse. We retrospectively studied whether the admission serum C-reactive protein (CRP) ...

    Authors: Ofer Zimmerman, Ori Rogowski, Galit Aviram, Michal Mizrahi, David Zeltser, Dan Justo, Esther Dahan, Roy Arad, Oholi Touvia, Luba Tau, Jalal Tarabeia, Shlomo Berliner and Yael Paran

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:288

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Tigecycline is a novel antibiotic with activity against multidrug resistant bacteria. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of tigecycline use in serious hospital-acquired infections (HAI)

    Authors: Matteo Bassetti, Laura Nicolini, Ernestina Repetto, Elda Righi, Valerio Del Bono and Claudio Viscoli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:287

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Differential diagnosis of patients with lung infiltrates remains a challenge. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM)-1 is a neutrophil and monocyte receptor up-regulated during infection. The ai...

    Authors: Ilias Porfyridis, Diamantis Plachouras, Vasiliki Karagianni, Anastasia Kotanidou, Spyridon A Papiris, Helen Giamarellou and Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:286

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus; GBS) is a significant cause of perinatal and neonatal infections worldwide. To detect GBS colonization in pregnant women, the CDC recommends isolation of the bact...

    Authors: Nabil A El Aila, Inge Tency, Geert Claeys, Bart Saerens, Piet Cools, Hans Verstraelen, Marleen Temmerman, Rita Verhelst and Mario Vaneechoutte

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:285

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) and 15 species that cause sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in negative cytology. In addition, we compared the diagnosti...

    Authors: Hyo-Sub Shim, Songmi Noh, Ae-Ran Park, Young-Nam Lee, Jong-Kee Kim, Hyun-Jae Chung, Keum-Soon Kang and Nam Hoon Cho

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:284

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The Kenyan highlands were malaria-free before the 1910s, but a series of malaria epidemics have occurred in the highlands of western Kenya since the 1980s. Longitudinal studies of the genetic structure, comple...

    Authors: Frederick N Baliraine, Yaw A Afrane, Dolphine A Amenya, Mariangela Bonizzoni, Anne M Vardo-Zalik, David M Menge, Andrew K Githeko and Guiyun Yan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:283

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In 2007, Park et al. identified a novel serotype among Streptococcus pneumoniae serogroup 6 which they named serotype 6C. The aim of this study was to evaluate with the Neufeld test a novel S. pneumoniae serotype...

    Authors: Lotte Lambertsen and Mette B Kerrn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:282

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Untreated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease disrupts B cell populations causing reduced memory and reduced naïve resting B cells leading to increases in specific co-infections and impaired responses t...

    Authors: Herbert Longwe, Stephen Gordon, Rose Malamba and Neil French

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:280

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The importation of malaria to non-endemic countries remains a major cause of travel-related morbidity and a leading cause of travel-related hospitalizations. Currently they are three priority medications for m...

    Authors: Lukas L Widmer, Patricia R Blank, Koen Van Herck, Christoph Hatz and Patricia Schlagenhauf

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:279

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Chlorhexidine digluconate (CHG) is a widely used skin antiseptic, however it poorly penetrates the skin, limiting its efficacy against microorganisms residing beneath the surface layers of skin. The aim of the...

    Authors: Tarja J Karpanen, Barbara R Conway, Tony Worthington, Anthony C Hilton, Tom SJ Elliott and Peter A Lambert

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:278

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Helminth infections can alter susceptibility to malaria. Studies need to determine whether or not deworming programs can impact on Plasmodium infections in preschool children.

    Authors: Patrick Kirwan, Andrew L Jackson, Samuel O Asaolu, Sile F Molloy, Titilayo C Abiona, Marian C Bruce, Lisa Ranford-Cartwright, Sandra M O' Neill and Celia V Holland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:277

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Diagnostic options for pulmonary tuberculosis in resource-poor settings are commonly limited to smear microscopy. We investigated whether bleach concentration by sedimentation and sputum cytology analysis (SCA...

    Authors: Pamela Hepple, Pascal Nguele, Jane Greig, Maryline Bonnet and Vinciane Sizaire

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:276

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Genital chlamydia is the most commonly notified sexually transmissible infection (STI) in Australia and worldwide and can have serious reproductive health outcomes. Partner notification, testing and treatment ...

    Authors: Natasha L Pavlin, Rhian M Parker, Anna K Piggin, Carol A Hopkins, Meredith J Temple-Smith, Christopher K Fairley, Jane E Tomnay, Francis J Bowden, Darren B Russell, Jane S Hocking, Marian K Pitts and Marcus Y Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:274

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Antigens encoded in the region of difference (RD) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis constitute a potential source of specific antigens for immunodiagnosis. In the present study, recombinant protein Rv1985c from RD2 w...

    Authors: Jiazhen Chen, Sen Wang, Ying Zhang, Xiaodi Su, Jing Wu, Lingyun Shao, Feifei Wang, Shu Zhang, Xinhua Weng, Honghai Wang and Wenhong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:273

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The objective of this study is to estimate the incidence of genital warts in Hong Kong and explore a way to establish a surveillance system for genital warts among the Hong Kong general population.

    Authors: Chunqing Lin, Joseph TF Lau, King-Man Ho, Man-Chun Lau, Hi-Yi Tsui and Kuen-Kong Lo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:272

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Mutations in the basic core promoter (BCP) and its adjacent precore (preC) region in HBV genome are common in chronic hepatitis B patients. However, the patterns of mutation combinations in these two regions d...

    Authors: Dake Zhang, Sufang Ma, Xin Zhang, Hanqing Zhao, Huiguo Ding and Changqing Zeng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:271

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Studies indicate that antibiotics are sold against regulation and without prescription in private drugstores in rural Tanzania. The objective of the study was to explore and describe antibiotics sale and dispe...

    Authors: Nina Viberg, Willbrord Kalala, Phare Mujinja, Göran Tomson and Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:270

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In July 2005 an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis occurred on a residential summer camp in the province of Barcelona (northeast of Spain). Forty-four people were affected among residents and employees. All of ...

    Authors: Irene Barrabeig, Ariadna Rovira, Javier Buesa, Rosa Bartolomé, Rosa Pintó, Hortènsia Prellezo and Àngela Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:269

    Content type: Research article

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  35. C. difficle spores in the environment of patients with C. difficile associated disease (CDAD) are difficult to eliminate. Bleach (5000 ppm) has been advocated as an effective disinfectant for the environmental s...

    Authors: Michelle J Alfa, Evelyn Lo, Alana Wald, Christine Dueck, Pat DeGagne and Godfrey KM Harding

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:268

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Previous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of treatment for latent tuberculosis infection (TLTBI) in persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, but few studies have investigated the operation...

    Authors: Asuncion Diaz, Mercedes Diez, Maria Jose Bleda, Mikel Aldamiz, Miguel Camafort, Xabier Camino, Concepcion Cepeda, Asuncion Costa, Oscar Ferrero, Paloma Geijo, Jose Antonio Iribarren, Santiago Moreno, Maria Elena Moreno, Pablo Labarga, Javier Pinilla, Joseba Portu…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:267

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Reactive arthritis (ReA) is a recognized sequela of infectious gastroenteritis (IGE). However, the population-based incidence of IGE-related ReA is poorly defined, and the risk of disease has not previously be...

    Authors: Jennifer A Curry, Mark S Riddle, Robert P Gormley, David R Tribble and Chad K Porter

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:266

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Contact tracing of tuberculosis (TB) patients is rarely performed in low-income countries. Our objective was to assess the outcome of and compliance with directly observed treatment (DOTS) of TB patients over ...

    Authors: Hubert Barennes, Thongdam Keophithoun, Tuan H Nguyen, Michel Strobel and Peter Odermatt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:265

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In Mexico, primary pulmonary histoplasmosis is the most relevant clinical form of the disease. The geographical distribution of specific strains of Histoplasma capsulatum circulating in Mexico has not been fully ...

    Authors: Bertha Muñoz, María Á Martínez, Gabriel Palma, Amado Ramírez, María G Frías, María R Reyes, María L Taylor, Anjarath L Higuera, Alexander Corcho and María E Manjarrez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:264

    Content type: Research article

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  40. After renovation of the adult intensive care unit (ICU) with installation of ten single rooms, an enhanced infection control program was conducted to control the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aur...

    Authors: Vincent CC Cheng, Josepha WM Tai, WM Chan, Eric HY Lau, Jasper FW Chan, Kelvin KW To, Iris WS Li, PL Ho and KY Yuen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:263

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The number of HIV-1 infected individuals in the Western world continues to rise. More in-depth understanding of regional HIV-1 epidemics is necessary for the optimal design and adequate use of future preventio...

    Authors: Kristen Chalmet, Delfien Staelens, Stijn Blot, Sylvie Dinakis, Jolanda Pelgrom, Jean Plum, Dirk Vogelaers, Linos Vandekerckhove and Chris Verhofstede

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:262

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The incidences of reportable sexually transmitted infections (STI) among men who have sex with men (MSM) have increased since the late 1990 s in Norway. The objectives of our study were to assess factors, asso...

    Authors: Irena Jakopanec, Barbara Schimmer, Andrej M Grjibovski, Elise Klouman and Preben Aavitsland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:261

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Previously two prediction rules identifying children at risk of hearing loss and academic or behavioral limitations after bacterial meningitis were developed. Streptococcus pneumoniae as causative pathogen was an...

    Authors: Arno E Commandeur, Rogier CJ de Jonge, Irene Koomen, Lodewijk Spanjaard, A Marceline van Furth and Caroline B Terwee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:259

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Known risk factors for death following a diagnosis of tuberculosis may not be applicable to current U.S. cases. We evaluated the factors associated with all-cause mortality in patients with tuberculosis in Was...

    Authors: David J Horne, Rebecca Hubbard, Masahiro Narita, Alexia Exarchos, David R Park and Christopher H Goss

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:258

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In April 2009, the pandemic influenza A(H1N1) virus emerged and spread globally. The objective of this study was to describe the independent risk factors for hospital mortality and the treatment effect of cort...

    Authors: Xiuming Xi, Yuan Xu, Li Jiang, Ang Li, Jie Duan and Bin Du

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:256

    Content type: Research article

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