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Page 146 of 155

  1. Content type: Research article

    An accurate, practical laboratory test is needed to confirm clinical diagnosis of pertussis in adults during the first 3 symptomatic weeks, when treatment is effective and transmission can be interrupted.

    Authors: Paul LJM Mertens, Frans S Stals, Ewout W Steyerberg and Jan H Richardus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:53

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  2. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the prevalence and microbiological characterization of community-acquired (CA) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage in a kindergarten.

    Authors: Wen-Tsung Lo, Wei-Jen Lin, Min-Hua Tseng, Jang-Jih Lu, Shih-Yi Lee, Mong-Ling Chu and Chih-Chien Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:51

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Chemokines play important roles in inflammation and antiviral action. We examined whether polymorphisms of RANTES, IP-10 and Mig affect the susceptibility to and outcome of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS...

    Authors: Man Wai Ng, Gangqiao Zhou, Wai Po Chong, Loretta Wing Yan Lee, Helen Ka Wai Law, Hongxing Zhang, Wilfred Hing Sang Wong, Susanna Fung Shan Fok, Yun Zhai, Raymond WH Yung, Eudora Y Chow, Ka Leung Au, Eric YT Chan, Wilina Lim, JS Malik Peiris, Fuchu He…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:50

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Based on results of earlier studies, brain, heart and kidney are most commonly used for West Nile virus (WNV) detection in avian species. Both monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies have been used for the immuno...

    Authors: Rebecca C Smedley, Jon S Patterson, RoseAnn Miller, Jeffrey P Massey, Annabel G Wise, Roger K Maes, Ping Wu, John B Kaneene and Matti Kiupel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:49

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  5. Content type: Research article

    There is growing evidence that Chlamydia pneumoniae may be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, as several studies have demonstrated the presence of the organism in atherosclerotic lesions. C. pneumon...

    Authors: Hem C Jha, Harsh Vardhan, Rishein Gupta, Rakesh Varma, Jagdish Prasad and Aruna Mittal

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:48

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate antibiotic use promotes resistance. Antibiotics are generally not indicated for upper respiratory infections (URIs). Our objectives were to describe patterns of URI treatment and to identify pati...

    Authors: Ilene H Zuckerman, Eli N Perencevich and Anthony D Harris

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:47

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  7. Content type: Case report

    We report a case of mucormycosis in a healthy 17-year-old accident victim with multiple abdominal injuries which was caused by infection with Absidia Corymbifera, a ubiquitous saphrophyte in the ground.

    Authors: Rita Belfiori, Adelmo Terenzi, Laura Marchesini and Antonella Repetto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:46

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Bloodstream infection is a common cause of hospitalization, morbidity and death in children. The impact of antimicrobial resistance and HIV infection on outcome is not firmly established.

    Authors: Bjørn Blomberg, Karim P Manji, Willy K Urassa, Bushir S Tamim, Davis SM Mwakagile, Roland Jureen, Viola Msangi, Marit G Tellevik, Mona Holberg-Petersen, Stig Harthug, Samwel Y Maselle and Nina Langeland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:43

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) is a serious nosocomial infection, however few studies have assessed CDAD outcome in the intensive care unit (ICU). We evaluated the epidemiology, clinical course ...

    Authors: Alexandre R Marra, Michael B Edmond, Richard P Wenzel and Gonzalo ML Bearman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:42

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Serum concentrations of soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) have a strong independent association with HIV-1-related mortality. The practical utility of plasma suPAR in assessing shor...

    Authors: Stephen D Lawn, Landon Myer, Nonzwakazi Bangani, Monica Vogt and Robin Wood

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:41

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Fusarium spp. is being isolated with increasing frequency as a pathogen in oncohematologic patients. Caspofungin and amphotericin B have been reported to have synergistic activity against Fusarium spp.

    Authors: José-Manuel Vagace, Cesar Sanz-Rodriguez, Maria-Soledad Casado, Nieves Alonso, Manuel Garcia-Dominguez, Francisco Garcia de la Llana, Luis Zarallo, Miguel Fajardo and Roberto Bajo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:40

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Largely due to the lack of diagnostic reagents, the prevalence and clinical presentation of cryptococcal meningitis in Tanzania is poorly understood. This in turn is limiting the impact of increased fluconazol...

    Authors: Peter R Kisenge, Alexander T Hawkins, Venance P Maro, John PD Mchele, Ndealilia S Swai, Andreas Mueller and Eric R Houpt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:39

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Shunt infection in hydrocephalus patients is a severe, even life-threatening complication. Antibiotic-impregnated shunts (AIS) have been developed in an attempt to reduce rate of shunt infection. The study was...

    Authors: Rainer Ritz, Florian Roser, Matthias Morgalla, Klaus Dietz, Marcos Tatagiba and Bernd E Will

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:38

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis may be seen in asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals. This finding complicates interpretation of CSF abnormalities when such individuals are evaluated for other central ne...

    Authors: Christina M Marra, Clare L Maxwell, Ann C Collier, Kevin R Robertson and Allison Imrie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:37

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  15. Content type: Research article

    HIV-infected subjects have high incidence rates of Staphylococcus aureus infections, with both methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant (MRSA) strains. Possible explanations could include the high burden...

    Authors: Cecilia MJ Drapeau, Claudio Angeletti, Anna Festa and Nicola Petrosillo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:36

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI) are an important public health problem. Improved identification of risk factors might enable targeted intervention. Therefore we carried out a case-control study with ...

    Authors: Arianne B van Gageldonk-Lafeber, Marianne AB van der Sande, Marie-Louise A Heijnen, Marcel F Peeters, Aad IM Bartelds and Berry Wilbrink

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:35

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  17. Content type: Case report

    This report discusses a case of unsuccessful treatment with recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) in off-label use. The need for international guidelines concerning the off-label use of rFVIIa is outlined as well a...

    Authors: Anna Conen, Maja Weisser, Dimitrios A Tsakiris and Martin Siegemund

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:34

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Interferon-gamma is a key cytokine in the protective responses against intracellular pathogens. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the first intron of the human IFN-γ gene can putatively influen...

    Authors: Guilherme Inocêncio Matos, Claudia de J Fernandes Covas, Rita de Cássia Bittar, Adriano Gomes-Silva, Fabiana Marques, Viviane C Maniero, Valdir S Amato, Manoel P Oliveira-Neto, Marise da Silva Mattos, Claude Pirmez, Elizabeth P Sampaio, Milton O Moraes and Alda Maria Da-Cruz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:33

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  19. Content type: Software

    Most research scientists working in the fields of molecular epidemiology, population and evolutionary genetics are confronted with the management of large volumes of data. Moreover, the data used in studies of...

    Authors: Alicia Amadoz and Fernando González-Candelas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:32

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  20. Content type: Research article

    In Canada, targeted vaccination of at risk groups for hepatitis A (HA) is done since the mid 1990s resulting in declining incidence. This study estimated the year and age specific hospitalization rates and dis...

    Authors: Magalie Canuel, Gaston De Serres, Bernard Duval, Rodica Gilca, Philippe De Wals and Vladimir Gilca

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:31

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Most patients with infectious endocarditis (IE) due to Bartonella henselae have a history of exposure to cats and pre-existing heart valve lesions. To date, none of the reported patients have had a history of typ...

    Authors: Frédérique Gouriet, Hubert Lepidi, Gilbert Habib, Frédéric Collart and Didier Raoult

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:30

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Daptomycin is a cyclic lipopeptide with potent activity and broad spectrum against Gram-positive bacteria currently used for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections and bacteremia, incl...

    Authors: Helio S Sader, Amy A Watters, Thomas R Fritsche and Ronald N Jones

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:29

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Fungal infections are diagnosed increasingly often in patients affected by hematological diseases and their mortality has remained high. The recent development of new antifungal drugs gives the clinician the p...

    Authors: Simone Cesaro, Mareva Giacchino, Franco Locatelli, Monica Spiller, Barbara Buldini, Claudia Castellini, Desireè Caselli, Eugenia Giraldi, Fabio Tucci, Gloria Tridello, Mario Renato Rossi and Elio Castagnola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:28

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are major causes of morbidity among women in developing countries. Both infections have been associated with pregnancy-related complications, and case detection and treatment in pregna...

    Authors: Maria Romoren, Johanne Sundby, Manonmany Velauthapillai, Mafizur Rahman, Elise Klouman and Per Hjortdahl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:27

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus (S.) pneumoniae meningitis has a high lethality despite antibiotic treatment. Inflammation is a major pathogenetic factor, which is unresponsive to antibiotics. Therefore adjunctive therapies with ...

    Authors: Hakim Echchannaoui, Stephen L Leib, Ulf Neumann and Regine MA Landmann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:25

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Vancomycin resistant enterococcus (VRE) is a major cause of nosocomial infections in the United States and may be associated with greater morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs than vancomycin-susceptible ...

    Authors: Monique A de Bruin and Lee W Riley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:24

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Hydatidosis is a zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus, and ingesting eggs released through the faeces from infected dogs infects humans. The location of the hydatid cysts is mostly hepatic and/or pulmonary,...

    Authors: Sonia Vicidomini, Gabriella Cancrini, Simona Gabrielli, Riccardo Naspetti and Alessandro Bartoloni

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:23

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Dengue disease severity is usually classified using criteria set up by the World Health Organization (WHO). We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the WHO classification system and modifications to this...

    Authors: Tatty E Setiati, Albert TA Mairuhu, Penelopie Koraka, Mohamed Supriatna, Melvin R Mac Gillavry, Dees PM Brandjes, Albert DME Osterhaus, Jos WM van der Meer, Eric CM van Gorp and Augustinus Soemantri

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:22

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Several strategies to optimise the use of antibiotics have been developed. Most of these interventions can be classified as educational or restrictive. Restrictive measures are considered to be more effective,...

    Authors: Julian Mettler, Mathew Simcock, Pedram Sendi, Andreas F Widmer, Roland Bingisser, Manuel Battegay, Ursula Fluckiger and Stefano Bassetti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:21

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between cholera and climate was explored in Africa, the continent with the most reported cases, by analyzing monthly 20-year cholera time series for five coastal adjoining West African countri...

    Authors: Guillaume Constantin de Magny, Jean-François Guégan, Michel Petit and Bernard Cazelles

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:20

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Host genetic factors are important determinants in tuberculosis (TB). The SLC11A1 (or NRAMP1) gene has been studied extensively for genetic association with TB, but with inconsistent findings. In addition, no stu...

    Authors: Kim Hung Leung, Shea Ping Yip, Wa Sang Wong, Lap San Yiu, Kam Keung Chan, Wai Man Lai, Eudora YD Chow, Che Kit Lin, Wing Cheong Yam and Kin Sang Chan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:19

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of self-reported preventive behaviors in response to an anticipated local human-to-human H5N1 transmission outbreak and factors associated with such behaviors have not been examined.

    Authors: Joseph TF Lau, Jean H Kim, Hi Yi Tsui and Sian Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:18

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  33. Content type: Software

    Planning public health responses against pandemic influenza relies on predictive models by which the impact of different intervention strategies can be evaluated. Research has to date rather focused on produci...

    Authors: Martin Eichner, Markus Schwehm, Hans-Peter Duerr and Stefan O Brockmann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:17

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Recent clinical trials in Africa, in combination with several observational epidemiological studies, have provided evidence that male circumcision can reduce HIV female-to-male transmission risk by 60% or more...

    Authors: Nico JD Nagelkerke, Stephen Moses, Sake J de Vlas and Robert C Bailey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:16

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  35. Content type: Research article

    HTLV-I infected patients often complain of urinary symptomatology. Epidemiological studies have suggested that these individuals have a higher prevalence and incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) than ser...

    Authors: Paulo N Rocha, Ana Paula Rehem, Juliana F Santana, Neviton Castro, Andre L Muniz, Katia Salgado, Heonir Rocha and Edgar M Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:15

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The clinical data of plasma NVP level, safety and efficacy of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for the concurrent use of nevirapine (NVP)-based ART and fluconazole (FLU) is scanty.

    Authors: Weerawat Manosuthi, Chatiya Athichathanabadi, Sumonmal Uttayamakul, Thanongsri Phoorisri and Somnuek Sungkanuparph

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:14

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  37. Content type: Erratum

    As the competing interests for only the previous calendar year were included in the published article and it is journal policy to list competing interests for the previous five years, a full declaration of int...

    Authors: Rhoda Ashley Morrow, David Friedrich, Amalia Meier and Lawrence Corey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:11

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:84

  38. Content type: Research article

    Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the most frequent infection-related cause of death. The reference standard to diagnose CAP is a new infiltrate on chest radiograph in the presence of recently acquired res...

    Authors: Beat Müller, Stephan Harbarth, Daiana Stolz, Roland Bingisser, Christian Mueller, Jörg Leuppi, Charly Nusbaumer, Michael Tamm and Mirjam Christ-Crain

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:10

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Nitric oxide (NO) plays a pivotal role as a leishmanicidal agent in mouse macrophages. NO resistant Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been associated with a severe outcome of these diseases.

    Authors: Angela Giudice, Ilza Camada, Paulo TG Leopoldo, Júlia MB Pereira, Lee W Riley, Mary E Wilson, John L Ho, Amelia Ribeiro de Jesus, Edgar M Carvalho and Roque P Almeida

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:7

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Enteroviruses are among the most common viruses infecting humans worldwide and they are associated with diverse clinical syndromes. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a clinical manifestation of enteroviral neur...

    Authors: Mohsan Saeed, Sohail Z Zaidi, Asif Naeem, Muhammad Masroor, Salmaan Sharif, Shahzad Shaukat, Mehar Angez and Anis Khan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:6

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  41. Content type: Research article

    A procedure for including activity against enveloped viruses in the post-contamination treatment of hands has been recommended, but so far no European standard is available to implement it. In 2004, the German...

    Authors: Günter Kampf, Jochen Steinmann and Holger Rabenau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:5

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Although Kabul city, Afghanistan, is currently the worldwide largest focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) with an estimated 67,500 cases, donor interest in CL has been comparatively poor because the disease i...

    Authors: Richard Reithinger and Paul G Coleman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:3

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