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  1. Hyponatremia is a frequent electrolyte disorder in HIV-infected patients with a prevalence of up to 56% in the pre-cART era. Several studies have demonstrated that patients with hyponatremia are at an increase...

    Authors: Philippe Braconnier, Marc Delforge, Maria Garjau, Karl Martin Wissing and Stéphane De Wit
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:98
  2. To understand the relationship between the Staphylococcus aureus infection rate and the reasonable usage of antibiotics, which will help in the effective control of MRSA infection.

    Authors: Kaisen Chen, Yanfang Huang, Qiuyue Song, Chenhui Wu, Xiaowen Chen and Lingbing Zeng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:97
  3. Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL), a protozoan infectious disease, is very rare in Iran despite the endemicity of both cutaneous and visceral forms. It is transmitted by the Phlebotomus sand fly. The lip is consi...

    Authors: Iraj Mohammadpour, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Farhad Handjani and Gholam Reza Hatam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:96
  4. HIV-1 subtype C demonstrates several biological properties distinct from other viral subtypes. One such variation is the duplication of PTAP motif in p6 Gag. PTAP motif is a key player in viral budding. Here, ...

    Authors: Shilpee Sharma, Shambhu G. Aralaguppe, Melissa-Rose Abrahams, Carolyn Williamson, Clive Gray, Pachamuthu Balakrishnan, Shanmugam Saravanan, Kailapuri G. Murugavel, Suniti Solomon and Udaykumar Ranga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:95
  5. Fasciolosis remains a significant food-borne trematode disease causing high morbidity around the world and affecting grazing animals and humans. A deeper understanding concerning the molecular mechanisms by wh...

    Authors: Jose Rojas-Caraballo, Julio López-Abán, Darwin Andrés Moreno-Pérez, Belén Vicente, Pedro Fernández-Soto, Esther del Olmo, Manuel Alfonso Patarroyo and Antonio Muro
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:94
  6. To investigate the impact of initial antifungal therapeutic strategies on the prognosis of invasive Candida infections (ICIs) in intensive care units (ICUs) in China.

    Authors: Na Cui, Hao Wang, Longxiang Su, Haibo Qiu, Ruoyu Li and Dawei Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:93
  7. The burden, clinical features, and molecular epidemiology of norovirus infection in young children in southern Africa are not well defined.

    Authors: Leigh M. Howard, Innocent Mwape, Mpanji Siwingwa, Michelo Simuyandi, M. Brad Guffey, Jeffrey S. A. Stringer, Benjamin H. Chi, Kathryn M. Edwards and Roma Chilengi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:92
  8. There are significant delays in initiation of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR –TB) treatment. The Xpert MTB/RIF test has been shown to reduce the time to diagnosis and treatment of MDR-TB predominantly i...

    Authors: Joshua Iruedo, Don O’Mahony, Sikhumbuzo Mabunda, Graham Wright and Busisiwe Cawe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:91
  9. Neuroborreliosis represents a relevant infectious disease and can cause a variety of neurological manifestations. Different stages and syndromes are described and atypical symptoms can result in diagnostic del...

    Authors: Philipp Schwenkenbecher, Refik Pul, Ulrich Wurster, Josef Conzen, Kaweh Pars, Hans Hartmann, Kurt-Wolfram Sühs, Ludwig Sedlacek, Martin Stangel, Corinna Trebst and Thomas Skripuletz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:90
  10. Dengue virus infection (DVI) is a prevalent and potentially fatal viral disease associated with coagulopathy. So far, the coagulation profile of DVI patients with thrombocytopenia has not been assessed through...

    Authors: Felipe Maia de Toledo Piza, Thiago Domingos Corrêa, Alexandre Rodrigues Marra, João Carlos Campos Guerra, Roseny dos Reis Rodrigues, Andrea Aparecida Rocco Villarinho, Valdir Fernandes de Aranda, Sandra Christina Pereira Lima Shiramizo, Maria Roza de Jesus de Lima, Esper Georges Kallas and Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:89
  11. Intimate partner violence (IPV), alcohol use, and depression are key vulnerabilities for HIV in Uganda, and taken together may have a synergistic effect on risk. Our objective was to investigate the associatio...

    Authors: Susan M. Kiene, Haruna Lule, Katelyn M. Sileo, Kazi Priyanka Silmi and Rhoda K. Wanyenze
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:88
  12. In Ethiopia, measles case-based surveillance was introduced in 2004 as one strategy for measles control by laboratory confirmation of suspected cases. In this article, epidemiological distribution of laborator...

    Authors: Mekonen Getahun, Berhane Beyene, Ayesheshem Ademe, Birke Teshome, Mesfin Tefera, Aklog Afework, Yoseph HaileMariam, Esete Assefa, Yonas Hailegiorgis and Anjelo Asha
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:87
  13. Although HIV and syphilis co-infection has been frequently observed in men who have sex with men (MSM), only few studies have focused on it. Different subgroups of MSM might exhibit heterogeneous HIV and syphi...

    Authors: Wenjie Dai, Zhenzhou Luo, Ruiwei Xu, Guanglu Zhao, Dan Tu, Lin Yang, Feng Wang, Yumao Cai, Lina Lan, Fuchang Hong, Tubao Yang and Tiejian Feng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:86
  14. Cleaning of environmental surfaces in hospitals is important for the control of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and other hospital-acquired infections transmitted by the contact route. Guidance...

    Authors: Hao Lei, Rachael M. Jones and Yuguo Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:85
  15. Annual influenza epidemics significantly burden health care. Anticipating them allows for timely preparation. The Scientific Institute of Public Health in Belgium (WIV-ISP) monitors the incidence of influenza ...

    Authors: Barbara Michiels, Van Kinh Nguyen, Samuel Coenen, Philippe Ryckebosch, Nathalie Bossuyt and Niel Hens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:84
  16. Although the prevalence of tuberculosis has decreased significantly over the past decades, the certain populations with mental illness are at increased risk for tuberculosis infection and transmission. However...

    Authors: Li Wang, Zhiguo Zhang, Qiuli Yan, Jie Lu, Baoyin Gao, Yanlin Zhao and Yu Pang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:83
  17. The emergence and spread of Carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli (CREC) is becoming a serious problem in Chinese hospitals, however, the data on this is scarce. Therefore, we investigate the risk factors for hea...

    Authors: Xiujuan Meng, Sidi Liu, Juping Duan, Xun Huang, Pengcheng Zhou, Xinrui Xiong, Ruie Gong, Ying Zhang, Yao Liu, Chenchao Fu, Chunhui Li and Anhua Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:82
  18. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a protozoan disease, which is responsible for 200.000–400.000 yearly infections worldwide. If left untreated, the fatality rate can be as high as 100% within 2 years. 90% of case...

    Authors: Anna Eichenberger, Annina E. Buechi, Andreas Neumayr, Chistroph Hatz, Andri Rauch, Marc Huguenot, Eva Diamantis-Karamitopoulou and Cornelia Staehelin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:81
  19. Cocaine and crack use has been associated with HIV and HCV infections, but its consequences on HCV progression have not been well established. We analyzed the impact of cocaine/crack use on liver fibrosis prog...

    Authors: Valérie Martel-Laferrière, Roy Nitulescu, Joseph Cox, Curtis Cooper, Mark Tyndall, Danielle Rouleau, Sharon Walmsley, Leo Wong and Marina B. Klein
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:80
  20. Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is one of the leading causes of death from infectious diseases worldwide. Sputum smear microscopy remains the most widely available pulmonary TB diagnostic t...

    Authors: Baye Gelaw, Yitayal Shiferaw, Marta Alemayehu and Abate Assefa Bashaw
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:79
  21. Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are difficult to identify among carbapenem non-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae (NSE). We designed phenotypic strategies giving priority to high sensitivity for s...

    Authors: Jérôme Robert, Alix Pantel, Audrey Merens, Elodie Meiller, Jean-Philippe Lavigne and Marie-Hélène Nicolas-Chanoine
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:78
  22. Tuberculous lymphadenitis (TBLN) diagnosis has been a true challenge solely by clinical evidence in developing countries, due to limited the diagnostic facility on hand. However, the availability and affordabi...

    Authors: Olifan Zewdie, Tamrat Abebe, Adane Mihret, Eyob Hirpa and Gobena Ameni
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:77
  23. Toll like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in innate immunity and various studies suggest that TLRs play a crucial role in pathogenesis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The present study aims in lo...

    Authors: Dipanwita Das, Isha Sengupta, Neelakshi Sarkar, Ananya Pal, Debraj Saha, Manikankana Bandopadhyay, Chandrima Das, Jimmy Narayan, Shivaram Prasad Singh, Sekhar Chakrabarti and Runu Chakravarty
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:76
  24. Daily bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) of intensive care unit (ICU) patients has been shown to reduce healthcare-associated infections and colonization by multidrug resistant organisms. The objective...

    Authors: Jackson S. Musuuza, Tonya J. Roberts, Pascale Carayon and Nasia Safdar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:75
  25. Current prevention options for upper respiratory infections (URIs) are not optimal. We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled pilot clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ARM...

    Authors: Pranab K. Mukherjee, Frank Esper, Ken Buchheit, Karen Arters, Ina Adkins, Mahmoud A. Ghannoum and Robert A. Salata
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:74
  26. Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality among women in Nepal and Bhutan. Data on high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and cervical abnormalities among Nepali and Bhu...

    Authors: Madhav P. Bhatta, Derek C. Johnson, Mingma Lama, Shilu Aryal, Pema Lhaki and Sadeep Shrestha
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:73
  27. Scedosporium apiospermum, which can usually be isolated from soil, polluted stream water and decaying vegetation, is increasingly recognized as an opportunistic dematiaceous fungus. Th...

    Authors: Choon-Mee Kim, Sung-Chul Lim, Joa Kim, Hoe-Soo Jang, Jong-Hun Chung, Na-Ra Yun, Dong-Min Kim, Piyush Jha, Babita Jha, Seok Won Kim, Sook Jin Jang and Jong Hee Shin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:72
  28. The primary unit of tuberculosis (TB) medical care in China is the county TB dispensary or county designated hospital (CTD), where patients can receive free diagnosis and treatment. However, a substantial numb...

    Authors: Li Yuan, Hui Zhang, Changming Zhou, Weili Jiang, Qi Zhao and Xu Biao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:71
  29. Tumor necrosis factor antagonist inhibitors have transformed the approach to patients with severe autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis. Although the therapy can be highly effective, TNF-α inhibi...

    Authors: Juan E. Muñoz-Oca, Martha L. Villarreal Morales, Aracelis Nieves-Rodriguez and Lemuel Martínez-Bonilla
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:70
  30. Around 30% of the population will experience herpes zoster (HZ), 10% of whom develop postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Together, these illnesses produce a significant economic burden to the healthcare system.

    Authors: Kevin J. Friesen, Dan Chateau, Jamie Falk, Silvia Alessi-Severini and Shawn Bugden
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:69
  31. To date more than 20 antigenically distinct strains of Orientia tsutsugamushi (OT) reported within the tsutsugamushi triangle that cause an undifferentiated acute febrile illness in humans. Genotypic characteriza...

    Authors: Ranjan Premaratna, Lucas S. Blanton, Dilhar N. Samaraweera, G. Nalika N. de Silva, Nilmini T. G. A. Chandrasena, David H. Walker and H. J. de Silva
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:67
  32. HIV-infected patients may present an unforeseen clinical worsening after initiating antiretroviral therapy known as immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). This syndrome is characterized by a heigh...

    Authors: Rita Rb-Silva, Claudia Nobrega, Eugénia Reiriz, Soraia Almeida, Rui Sarmento-Castro, Margarida Correia-Neves and Ana Horta
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:66
  33. An international spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has attracted global attention in 2015. The infection also affected Guangdong province, which is located in southern China. Multiple factors, including fr...

    Authors: Xing Li, Tao Liu, Lifeng Lin, Tie Song, Xiaolong Du, Hualiang Lin, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianfeng He, Liping Liu, Guanghu Zhu, Weilin Zeng, Lingchuan Guo, Zheng Cao, Wenjun Ma and Yonghui Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:65
  34. Authors: I. Rivero-Calle, J. Pardo-Seco, P. Aldaz, D. A. Vargas, E. Mascarós, E. Redondo, J. L. Díaz-Maroto, M. Linares-Rufo, M. J. Fierro-Alacio, A. Gil, J. Molina, D. Ocaña and Federico Martinón-Torres
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:64

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:645

  35. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is an increasingly threatening consequence of antimicrobial exposure for many decades now. In urinary tract infections (UTIs), antibiotic prophylaxis (AP) increases bacteria...

    Authors: Sebastiaan Hermanus Johannes Zegers, Jeanne Dieleman, Tjomme van der Bruggen, Jan Kimpen and Catharine de Jong-de Vos van Steenwijk
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:63

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:175

  36. The number of viral pathogens associated with pediatric acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) has grown since the introduction of reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays. Mu...

    Authors: Jérôme O. Wishaupt, Tjeerd van der Ploeg, Ronald de Groot, Florens G. A. Versteegh and Nico G. Hartwig
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:62
  37. Chronic HIV infection is associated with low-level inflammation and increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality. The objective was to assess the effects of moderate intensity exercise on metabolic and inf...

    Authors: Matteo Bonato, Laura Galli, Laura Passeri, Valeria Longo, Gaspare Pavei, Simona Bossolasco, Cecilia Bertocchi, Massimo Cernuschi, Giuseppe Balconi, Giampiero Merati, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonio La Torre and Paola Cinque
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:61
  38. We evaluated the performance of the Becton Dickinson Veritor™ System Flu A + B rapid influenza diagnostic test (RIDT) to detect influenza viruses in respiratory specimens from patients enrolled at five surveil...

    Authors: Linus K. Ndegwa, Gideon Emukule, Timothy M. Uyeki, Eunice Mailu, Sandra S. Chaves, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Bandika V. Lewa, Francis K. Muiruri, Peter Omoth, Barry Fields and Joshua A. Mott
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:60
  39. Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite with a broad host range including most warm-blooded animals, including humans. T. gondii surface antigen 1...

    Authors: Yali Han, Aihua Zhou, Gang Lu, Guanghui Zhao, Lin Wang, Jingjing Guo, Pengxia Song, Jian Zhou, Huaiyu Zhou, Hua Cong and Shenyi He
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:59
  40. Bidirectional signalling between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract is regulated at neural, hormonal, and immunological levels. Recent studies have shown that helminth infections can alter the normal gut...

    Authors: Vanina Guernier, Bradley Brennan, Laith Yakob, Gabriel Milinovich, Archie C. A. Clements and Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:58
  41. Surveillance data on the proportion of incident TB cases with MDR was limited and there is no systematic study of MDR-TB in China to date. Our aim was to estimate MDR-TB disease burden in 2012 and change trend...

    Authors: Peipei Ding, Xiaowen Li, Zhongwei Jia and Zuhong Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:57
  42. Mumps emerged among highly vaccinated populations in the Netherlands. This offered a unique opportunity to study mumps virus transmission. In particular the extent to which asymptomatic infections in vaccinate...

    Authors: Susan Hahné, Tessa Schurink, Jacco Wallinga, Jeroen Kerkhof, Marianne van der Sande, Rob van Binnendijk and Hester de Melker
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:56
  43. The magnitude of the current Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic has led to a declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the WHO. Findings of viable viral particles in semen for several weeks ...

    Authors: Guenter Froeschl, Kristina Huber, Frank von Sonnenburg, Hans-Dieter Nothdurft, Gisela Bretzel, Michael Hoelscher, Lothar Zoeller, Matthias Trottmann, Francisco Pan-Montojo, Gerhard Dobler and Silke Woelfel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:55
  44. People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who have not yet initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) can benefit from being engaged in care and utilizing preventive interventions. Community-based peer...

    Authors: April Monroe, Gertrude Nakigozi, William Ddaaki, Jeremiah Mulamba Bazaale, Ronald H. Gray, Maria J. Wawer, Steven J. Reynolds, Caitlin E. Kennedy and Larry W. Chang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:54
  45. Urinary and (peripheral and central) intravenous catheters are widely used in hospitalized patients. However, up to 56% of the catheters do not have an appropriate indication and some serious complications wit...

    Authors: Bart J. Laan, Ingrid J. B. Spijkerman, Mieke H. Godfried, Berend C. Pasmooij, Jolanda M. Maaskant, Marjon J. Borgert, Brent C. Opmeer, Margreet C. Vos and Suzanne E. Geerlings
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:53
  46. To determine the cost-effectiveness of strategies of preferred antibiotic treatment with beta-lactam/macrolide combination or fluoroquinolone monotherapy compared to beta-lactam monotherapy.

    Authors: Cornelis H. van Werkhoven, Douwe F. Postma, Marie-Josee J. Mangen, Jan Jelrik Oosterheert and Marc J. M. Bonten
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:52
  47. The incidence of cryptococcal meningitis (CM) and tuberculous meningitis (TBM) have gradually increased in recent years. These two types of meningitis are easily misdiagnosed which leads to a poor prognosis. I...

    Authors: Junyan Qu, Taoyou Zhou, Cejun Zhong, Rong Deng and Xiaoju Lü
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:51

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