Palella FJ Jr, Armon C, Buchacz K, Cole SR, Chmiel JS, Novak RM, Wood K, Moorman AC, Brooks JT. The association of HIV susceptibility testing with survival among HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy: a cohort study. Ann Intern Med. 2009;151(2):73–84.
Ammaranond P, Sanguansittianan S. Mechanism of HIV antiretroviral drugs progress toward drug resistance. Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 2012;26(1):146–61.
Tang MW, Shafer RW. HIV-1 antiretroviral resistance: scientific principles and clinical applications. Drugs. 2012;72(9):e1–25.
Zhang XQ. The newest developments of the study on anti-HIV drugs. Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica. 2015;50(5):509–15.
WHO. Consolidated strategic information guidelines for HIV in the health sector: WHO; 2015. Print
DHHS DoHaHS: Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents. Guidelines for the use of antiretroviral agents in HIV-1-infected adults and adolescents. . In.; 2015.
Nosik MN. A problem of the HIV drug resistance. Vopr Virusol. 2014;59(4):5–9.
Sluis-Cremer N, Wainberg MA, Schinazi RF. Resistance to reverse transcriptase inhibitors used in the treatment and prevention of HIV-1 infection. Future Microbiol. 2015;10(11):1773–82.
Roche M, Borm K, Flynn JK, Lewin SR, Churchill MJ, Gorry PR. Molecular gymnastics: mechanisms of HIV-1 resistance to CCR5 antagonists and impact on virus phenotypes. Curr Top Med Chem. 2015;
Hanna GJ, Johnson VA, Kuritzkes DR, Richman DD, Brown AJ, Savara AV, Hazelwood JD, D'Aquila RT. Patterns of resistance mutations selected by treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection with zidovudine, didanosine, and nevirapine. J Infect Dis. 2000;181(3):904–11.
Deeks SG. International perspectives on antiretroviral resistance. Nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor resistance. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2001;26(Suppl 1):S25–33.
Johnson VA, Brun-Vezinet F, Clotet B, Gunthard HF, Kuritzkes DR, Pillay D, Schapiro JM, Richman DD. Update of the drug resistance mutations in HIV-1: 2007. Top HIV Med. 2007;15(4):119–25.
Wensing AM, Calvez V, Gunthard HF, Johnson VA, Paredes R, Pillay D, Shafer RW, Richman DD. 2014 update of the drug resistance mutations in HIV-1. Top Antivir Med. 2014;22(3):642–50.
Ren J, Nichols CE, Stamp A, Chamberlain PP, Ferris R, Weaver KL, Short SA, Stammers DK. Structural insights into mechanisms of non-nucleoside drug resistance for HIV-1 reverse transcriptases mutated at codons 101 or 138. FEBS J. 2006;273(16):3850–60.
Ren J, Nichols CE, Chamberlain PP, Weaver KL, Short SA, Chan JH, Kleim JP, Stammers DK. Relationship of potency and resilience to drug resistant mutations for GW420867X revealed by crystal structures of inhibitor complexes for wild-type, Leu100Ile, Lys101Glu, and Tyr188Cys mutant HIV-1 reverse transcriptases. J Med Chem. 2007;50(10):2301–9.
Das K, Sarafianos SG, Clark AD Jr, Boyer PL, Hughes SH, Arnold E. Crystal structures of clinically relevant Lys103Asn/Tyr181Cys double mutant HIV-1 reverse transcriptase in complexes with ATP and non-nucleoside inhibitor HBY 097. J Mol Biol. 2007;365(1):77–89.
Hsiou Y, Ding J, Das K, Clark AD Jr, Boyer PL, Lewi P, Janssen PA, Kleim JP, Rosner M, Hughes SH, et al. The Lys103Asn mutation of HIV-1 RT: a novel mechanism of drug resistance. J Mol Biol. 2001;309(2):437–45.
D'Aquila RT, Schapiro JM, Brun-Vezinet F, Clotet B, Conway B, Demeter LM, Grant RM, Johnson VA, Kuritzkes DR, Loveday C, et al. Drug resistance mutations in HIV-1. Top HIV Med. 2002;10(5):21–5.
Shafer RW. Genotypic testing for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 drug resistance. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2002;15(2):247–77.
Erickson JW, Gulnik SV, Markowitz M. Protease inhibitors: resistance, cross-resistance, fitness and the choice of initial and salvage therapies. AIDS (London, England). 1999;13(Suppl A):S189–204.
Martinez-Cajas JL, Wainberg MA. Protease inhibitor resistance in HIV-infected patients: molecular and clinical perspectives. Antivir Res. 2007;76(3):203–21.
Sune C, Brennan L, Stover DR, Klimkait T. Effect of polymorphisms on the replicative capacity of protease inhibitor-resistant HIV-1 variants under drug pressure. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2004;10(2):119–26.
Falloon J, Piscitelli S, Vogel S, Sadler B, Mitsuya H, Kavlick MF, Yoshimura K, Rogers M, LaFon S, Manion DJ, et al. Combination therapy with amprenavir, abacavir, and efavirenz in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients failing a protease-inhibitor regimen: pharmacokinetic drug interactions and antiviral activity. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;30(2):313–8.
Hertogs K, Bloor S, Kemp SD, Van den Eynde C, Alcorn TM, Pauwels R, Van Houtte M, Staszewski S, Miller V, Larder BA. Phenotypic and genotypic analysis of clinical HIV-1 isolates reveals extensive protease inhibitor cross-resistance: a survey of over 6000 samples. AIDS (London, England). 2000;14(9):1203–10.
Para MF, Glidden DV, Coombs RW, Collier AC, Condra JH, Craig C, Bassett R, Leavitt R, Snyder S, McAuliffe V, et al. Baseline human immunodeficiency virus type 1 phenotype, genotype, and RNA response after switching from long-term hard-capsule saquinavir to indinavir or soft-gel-capsule saquinavir in AIDS clinical trials group protocol 333. J Infect Dis. 2000;182(3):733–43.
Tupinambas U, Aleixo A, Greco D. HIV-1 genotypes related to failure of nelfinavir as the first protease inhibitor treatment. Braz J Infect Dis. 2005;9(4):324–9.
Mammano F, Trouplin V, Zennou V, Clavel F. Retracing the evolutionary pathways of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 resistance to protease inhibitors: virus fitness in the absence and in the presence of drug. J Virol. 2000;74(18):8524–31.
Kempf DJ, Isaacson JD, King MS, Brun SC, Xu Y, Real K, Bernstein BM, Japour AJ, Sun E, Rode RA. Identification of genotypic changes in human immunodeficiency virus protease that correlate with reduced susceptibility to the protease inhibitor lopinavir among viral isolates from protease inhibitor-experienced patients. J Virol. 2001;75(16):7462–9.
Pieniazek D, Rayfield M, Hu DJ, Nkengasong J, Wiktor SZ, Downing R, Biryahwaho B, Mastro T, Tanuri A, Soriano V, et al. Protease sequences from HIV-1 group M subtypes A-H reveal distinct amino acid mutation patterns associated with protease resistance in protease inhibitor-naive individuals worldwide. HIV Variant Working Group. AIDS (London, England). 2000;14(11):1489–95.
Kantor R, Machekano R, Gonzales MJ, Dupnik K, Schapiro JM, Shafer RW. Human immunodeficiency virus reverse transcriptase and protease sequence database: an expanded data model integrating natural language text and sequence analysis programs. Nucleic Acids Res. 2001;29(1):296–9.
Nelson AG, Zhang X, Ganapathi U, Szekely Z, Flexner CW, Owen A, Sinko PJ. Drug delivery strategies and systems for HIV/AIDS pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment. J Control Release. 2015;
Uliukin IM, Bolekhan VN, Iusupov VV, Bulan'kov Iu I, Orlova ES. Problems of early detection of HIV infection, medical and psychological support of HIV-infected soldiers. Voenno-meditsinskii zhurnal. 2015;336(1):45–9.
de Martino M, Galli L, Chiappini E: Perinatal human immunodeficiency virus type-1 in the 21st century: new challenges in treatment and health care organization. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2015, 34(5 Suppl 1):S1–S2.
WHO: WHO HIV Resistance report 2012.; 2012.
Antinori A, Di Biagio A, Marcotullio S, Andreoni M, Chirianni A, d'Arminio Monforte A, Galli M, Mazzotta F, Mussini C, Puoti M, et al. Italian guidelines for the use of antiretroviral agents and the diagnostic-clinical management of HIV-1 infected persons. Update 2016. New Microbiol. 2017;40(2):86–98.
Kouakou-Siransy G, Horo K, Effo E, Kamenan A, N'Guessan-Irie G, Boko-Kouassi A, Aka-Anguy E, Kakou HD. Pharmacotherapeutic aspect of antibiotic therapy during acute community-acquired pneumonia in adults at the University Hospital of Cocody (Abidjan). Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2015;53(11):940–6.
Seenivasan S, Vaitheeswaran N, Seetha V, Anbalagan S, Karunaianantham R, Swaminathan S. Outcome of prevention of parent-to-child transmission of HIV in an urban population in southern India. Indian Pediatr. 2015;52(9):759–62.
Ssemwanga D, Lihana RW, Ugoji C, Abimiku A, Nkengasong J, Dakum P, Ndembi N. Update on HIV-1 acquired and transmitted drug resistance in Africa. AIDS Rev. 2015;17(1):3–20.
Weinstock H, Respess R, Heneine W, Petropoulos CJ, Hellmann NS, Luo CC, Pau CP, Woods T, Gwinn M, Kaplan J. Prevalence of mutations associated with reduced antiretroviral drug susceptibility among human immunodeficiency virus type 1 seroconverters in the United States, 1993-1998. J Infect Dis. 2000;182(1):330–3.
Havlir DV, Hellmann NS, Petropoulos CJ, Whitcomb JM, Collier AC, Hirsch MS, Tebas P, Sommadossi JP, Richman DD. Drug susceptibility in HIV infection after viral rebound in patients receiving indinavir-containing regimens. Jama. 2000;283(2):229–34.
Harrigan PR, Hogg RS, Dong WW, Yip B, Wynhoven B, Woodward J, Brumme CJ, Brumme ZL, Mo T, Alexander CS, et al. Predictors of HIV drug-resistance mutations in a large antiretroviral-naive cohort initiating triple antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2005;191(3):339–47.
Aleman S, Soderbarg K, Visco-Comandini U, Sitbon G, Sonnerborg A. Drug resistance at low viraemia in HIV-1-infected patients with antiretroviral combination therapy. AIDS (London, England). 2002;16(7):1039–44.
Idemyor V. Human immunodeficiency viruses and drug therapy: resistance and implications for antiretroviral therapy. Pharmacotherapy. 2002;22(5):659–62.
Tang MW, Shafer RW. HIV-1 antiretroviral resistance: scientific principles and clinical applications. Drugs. 2012;72(9):e1–e25.
Santoro MM, Perno CF. HIV-1 genetic variability and clinical implications. ISRN Microbiology. 2013;2013