Non-invasive assessment of liver fibrosis through FibroMeter in patients with chronic viral hepatitis B and C
© Săndulescu et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 15 October 2014
We performed a screening study using FibroMeter (Echosens, Paris) to determine the stage of fibrosis and the necroinflammatory status in a cohort of patients with chronic HBV and HCV infection under surveillance in a tertiary care hospital in Bucharest, Romania.
We analyzed data from 87 patients, 68 (78.2%) of which had chronic HBV infection and 19 (21.8%), chronic HCV infection. The median age was 44.9±15.0 (range 17-75). The mean body mass index (BMI) was 26.0±3.6 in the HBV group and 26.7±3.2 in the HCV group. Overall, 36 patients (41.4%) had normal BMI, another 36 (41.4%) had a BMI equivalent for overweight status, and 15 (17.2%) had grade I obesity.
The distribution of FibroMeter results was: F0-F1: 8 (9.2%), F1: 2 (2.3%), F1-F2: 43 (49.4%), F2: 11 (12.6%), F2-F3: 8 (9.2%), F3: 7 (8.0%), F3-F4: 8 (9.2%). The distribution of the necroinflammatory activity was: A0-A1: 16 (18.4%), A1-A2: 52 (59.8%), A2-A3: 19 (21.8%). We identified no statistically significant differences between patients with HBV and HCV regarding mean fibrosis scores (p=0.476) or mean necroinflammatory activity scores (p=0.681).
The patients included in this study had varied ages and characteristics. FibroMeter classified most of them as F1-F2 but descriptive data should be interpreted in clinical context and potential confounding factors should be identified on a case-by-case basis.
This paper is partially supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract numbers POSDRU/159/1.5/S/137390.
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