Volume 14 Supplement 2

International Symposium HIV and Emerging Infectious Diseases 2014

Open Access

Antiviral treatment in severe acute hepatitis B

  • Anca Streinu-Cercel1, 2,
  • Oana Streinu-Cercel1, 2,
  • Alina Cristina Negut1, 2,
  • Marius Stefan3 and
  • Adrian Streinu-Cercel1, 2
BMC Infectious Diseases201414(Suppl 2):P90

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-14-S2-P90

Published: 23 May 2014

Introduction

We aimed to evaluate the clinical, biological and virological impact of antiviral therapy in severe acute hepatitis B. [1]

Materials and methods

We performed a study in the National Institute for Infectious Diseases “Prof. Dr. Matei Bals”, Bucharest, Romania, randomizing patients between two groups initially: therapy with lamivudine 100 mg/day vs. standard of care (no antiviral therapy) and subsequently between three groups: lamivudine, standard of care and entecavir 0.5 mg/day, when this new analogue became available in Romania.

Results

HBs antigen to antibody seroconversion was recorded by 24 weeks in 10.1% of the patients in the lamivudine group (p=0.032 compared to control), 42.9% of those in the entecavir group (p=0.053 compared to control), and 22.7% in the control (standard of care) group.

Conclusions

If antiviral therapy is to be considered in severe acute hepatitis B, entecavir could be regarded as an option, as it might increase the chance of HBs antigen to antibody seroconversion when administered in the first 24 weeks of infection. [2, 3] However, further studies are required to ascertain this, and to eventually determine the magnitude of the effect.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Infectious Diseases, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy
(2)
National Institute for Infectious Diseases
(3)
Polytechnic University of Bucharest

References

  1. Streinu-Cercel A: Hepatitis B in the spotlight. GERMS. 2011, 1 (1): 5-PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. De Socio GV, Sgrelli A, Tosti A, Baldelli F: Severe acute hepatitis B treated with entecavir. Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis. 2011, 3 (1): e2011010-PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Streinu-Cercel O, Streinu-Cercel A, Preotescu LL, Streinu-Cercel A: Entecavir as specific antiviral therapy in selected cases of severe acute hepatitis B. GERMS. 2012, 2 (1): 18-22. 10.11599/germs.2012.1009.PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Streinu-Cercel et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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