Epidemiological aspects of new HIV/AIDS diagnoses in south-east Romania
© Arbune et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 23 May 2014
The characteristic of HIV/AIDS Romanian epidemic is the high proportion of youth infected in 1988-1990, during their first year of life, when a nosocomial epidemiological accident took place. In Galati (South-East Romania) they were recorded 535 people with HIV/AIDS during 1990-2003 and 79.5% belonged to the pediatric nosocomial cohort. The mortality was 56.8% and half of the deaths were recorded during the first year after diagnosis. The aim of the study is to identify the changes in the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the last 10 years.
Materials and methods
This retrospective study was based on epidemiological reports of the newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS patients. The descriptive statistics and comparative Kaplan-Meier graphs by transmission way were analyzed using XL-Stat Software.
Characteristics of new HIV/AIDS diagnosed patients in Galati
Median diagnostic age:
Sex: Male/ Female
Area: Urban/ Rural
Context of HIV testing:
Other screening programs
Clinical CDC-class: A/B/C
The life expectancy of HIV/AIDS patients has obviously improved in the last decade, but the yearly number of new cases is constant, with a high rate of late presenters. The strategy of future screening programs should consider the trends of HIV/AIDS epidemic in our region.
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