China Ministry of Health: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, World Health Organization (2012): 2011 update on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in China. Beijing. 2012, China Ministry of Health, UNAIDS, WHO, Available at: http://www.chinaids.org.cn/n16/n1193/n4073/n745902.files/n745901.pdf. Accessed 30 January 2013.,
Ministry of Health, People' s Republic of China: (2010) 2009 estimates for the HIV/AIDS epidemic in China. 2012, Ministry of Health, People’s Republic of China, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.: World Health Organization, Available at: http://wenku.baidu.com/view/a43f94dfd15abe23482f4dc3.html. Accessed 29 January 2013.,
Ma X, Zhang Q, He X, Sun W, Yue H, Chen S, Raymond HF, Li Y, Xu M, Du H: Trends in prevalence of HIV, syphilis, hepatitis C, hepatitis B, and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men: results of 3 consecutive respondent-driven sampling surveys in Beijing, 2004 through 2006. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2007, 45 (5): 581-587. 10.1097/QAI.0b013e31811eadbc.
Zhang M, Chu Z, Wang H, Xu J, Lu C, Shang H: A rapidly increasing incidence of HIV and syphilis among men who have sex with men in a major city of China. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2011, 27 (11): 1139-1140. 10.1089/aid.2010.0356.
Zhang D, Bi P, Zhang J, Hiller JE: Changes in HIV prevalence and sexual behavior among men who have sex with men in a northern Chinese city: 2002–2006. J Infect. 2007, 55 (5): 456-463. 10.1016/j.jinf.2007.06.015.
Feng L, Ding X, Lu R, Liu J, Sy A, Ouyang L, Pan C, Yi H, Liu H, Xu J: High HIV prevalence detected in 2006 and 2007 among men who have sex with men in China's largest municipality: An alarming epidemic in Chongqing, China. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009, 52 (1): 79-85. 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3181a4f53e.
Social Vientiane: (2011) Yunnan Province totally reported 93567 HIV/AIDS cases, four prefactures/cities changed into the key frotiers for HIV prevention. 2012, Xinhua Net.: 2012 At URL:http://qcyn.sina.com.cn/news/shwx/2011/1201/09184961094.html. 29 January 2013,
Ma Y, Li ZZ, Zhang KX: Identification of HIV infection among drug abusers in China. Chin J Epidemiol. 1990, 11: 184-185.
Zheng X, Tian C, Choi KH, Zhang J: Injecting drug use and HIV infection in southwest China. AIDS. 1994, 8 (8): 1141-1147. 10.1097/00002030-199408000-00017.
Lu L, Jia M, Ma Y, Yang L, Chen Z, Ho DD, Jiang Y, Zhang L: The changing face of HIV in China. Nature. 2008, 455 (7213): 609-611.
LI Z, WANG Y, WANG Z, LU Y, LEI L: An Analysis of 490 HIV-infected MSMs in Kunming. J Kunming Med Univ. 2010, 10 (31): 127-129.
Xu JJ, Zhang M, Brown K, Reilly K, Wang H, Hu Q, Ding H, Chu Z, Bice T, Shang H: Syphilis and HIV seroconversion among a 12-month prospective cohort of men who have sex with men in Shenyang, China. Sex Transm Dis. 2010, 37 (7): 432-439.
Yang H, Hao C, Huan X, Yan H, Guan W, Xu X, Zhang M, Tang W, Wang N, Lau JTF: HIV incidence and associated factors in a cohort of men who have sex with men in Nanjing, China. Sex Transm Dis. 2010, 37 (4): 208-213.
Li D, Jia Y, Ruan Y, Liu Y, Li Q, Liang H, Zhou Z, Luo F, Zhang X, Jiang S: Correlates of incident infections for HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B virus in a cohort of men who have sex with men in Beijing. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2010, 24 (9): 595-602. 10.1089/apc.2010.0083.
Han X, Xu J, Chu Z, Dai D, Lu C, Wang X, Zhao L, Zhang C, Ji Y, Zhang H: Screening acute HIV infections among Chinese men who have sex with men from voluntary counseling & testing centers. PLoS One. 2011, 6 (12): e28792-10.1371/journal.pone.0028792.
Yu XF, Wang X, Mao P, Wang S, Li Z, Zhang J, Garten R, Kong W, Lai S: Characterization of HIV type 1 heterosexual transmission in Yunnan, China. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2003, 19 (11): 1051-1055. 10.1089/088922203322588422.
Salazar-Gonzalez JF, Salazar MG, Keele BF, Learn GH, Giorgi EE, Li H, Decker JM, Wang S, Baalwa J, Kraus MH: Genetic identity, biological phenotype, and evolutionary pathways of transmitted/founder viruses in acute and early HIV-1 infection. J Exp Med. 2009, 206 (6): 1273-1289. 10.1084/jem.20090378.
Salazar-Gonzalez JF, Bailes E, Pham KT, Salazar MG, Guffey MB, Keele BF, Derdeyn CA, Farmer P, Hunter E, Allen S: Deciphering human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transmission and early envelope diversification by single-genome amplification and sequencing. J Virol. 2008, 82 (8): 3952-3970. 10.1128/JVI.02660-07.
Dukers NHTM, Fennema HSA, van der Snoek EM, Krol A, Geskus RB, Pospiech M, Jurriaans S, van der Meijden WI, Coutinho RA, Prins M: HIV incidence and HIV testing behavior in men who have sex with men: using three incidence sources, The Netherlands, 1984–2005. AIDS. 2007, 21 (4): 491-499. 10.1097/QAD.0b013e328011dade.
Buchbinder SP, Vittinghoff E, Heagerty PJ, Celum CL, Seage GR, Judson FN: Sexual risk, nitrite inhalant use, and lack of circumcision associated with HIV seroconversion in men who have sex with men in the United States. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005, 39: 82-89. 10.1097/01.qai.0000134740.41585.f4.
Koblin BA, Husnik MJ, Colfax G, Huang Y, Madison M, Mayer K: Risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men. AIDS. 2006, 20: 731-739. 10.1097/01.aids.0000216374.61442.55.
Hall HI, Espinoza L, Benbow N, Hu YW: PLoS One. 2010, 5: e12756-10.1371/journal.pone.0012756.
Likatavičius G, Klavs I, Devaux I, Alix J, Nardone A: An increase in newly diagnosed HIV cases reported among men who have sex with men in Europe, 2000–6: implications for a European public health strategy. Sex Transm Infect. 2008, 84: 499-505. 10.1136/sti.2008.031419.
Wong W, Chaw JK, Kent CK, Klausner JD: Risk factors for early syphilis among gay and bisexual men seen in an STD clinic: San Francisco, 2002-2003. Sex Transm Dis. 2005, 32: 458-463. 10.1097/01.olq.0000168280.34424.58.
Colfax G, Coates TJ, Husnik MJ, Huang Y, Buchbinder S, Koblin B: Longitudinal patterns of methamphetamine, popper (amyl nitrite), and cocaine use and high-risk sexual behavior among a cohort of San Francisco men who have sex with men. J Urban Health. 2005, 82: 62-70. 10.1093/jurban/jti025.
Feng Y, Wu Z, Detels R, Qin G, Liu L, Wang X, Wang J, Zhang L: HIV/STD prevalence among MSM in Chengdu, China and associated risk factors for HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010, 53 (Suppl 1): S74-S80.
Xu JJ, Reilly KH, Lu CM, Ma N, Zhang M, Chu ZX, Wang JJ, Yun K, Shang H: A cross-sectional study of HIV and syphilis infections among male students who have sex with men (MSM) in northeast China: implications for implementing HIV screening and intervention programs. BMC Public Health. 2011, 11 (1): e287-10.1186/1471-2458-11-287.
Ruan Y, Luo F, Jia Y, Li X, Li Q, Liang H, Zhang X, Li D, Shi W, Freeman JM: Risk factors for syphilis and prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C among men who have sex with men in Beijing, China: implications for HIV prevention. AIDS Behav. 2009, 13 (4): 663-670. 10.1007/s10461-008-9503-0.
Braunstein SL, Shepard CW: The Potential Pitfalls of Targeted Screening for Acute HIV Infection: The View From New York City. J Infect Dis. 2011, 204 (3): 487-488. 10.1093/infdis/jir273.
Jia Z, Wang L, Chen RY, Li D, Qin Q, Ding Z, Ding G, Zang C, Wang N: Tracking the Evolution of HIV/AIDS in China from 1989–2009 to Inform Future Prevention and Control Efforts. PLoS One. 2011, 6 (10): e25671-10.1371/journal.pone.0025671.
Wang L, Ding ZW, Yan RX LIDM, Guo W, Ding GW: HIV, AIDS epidemic situation and data analysis among young students from 2006-2009 in China. Chin J Epidemiol. 2010, 31: 1017-1021.
Yang Z, Yang L, Jia M: Analysis of HIV-1 subtype among men who have sex with men(MSM). Modern Prev Med. 2011, 38 (4): 686-688.
Zhang Y, Lu L, Ba L, Liu L, Yang L, Jia M, Wang H, Fang Q, Shi Y, Yan W: Dominance of HIV-1 subtype CRF01_AE in sexually acquired cases leads to a new epidemic in Yunnan province of China. PLoS Med. 2006, 3 (11): e443-10.1371/journal.pmed.0030443.
Li XJ, Kusagawa S, Xia X, Yang C, Wang Q, Yokota Y, Hoshina Y, Onogi T, Nohtomi K, Imamura Y: Molecular epidemiology of the heterosexual HIV-1 transmission in Kunming, Yunnan Province of China suggests origin from the local IDU epidemic. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2005, 21 (11): 977-980. 10.1089/aid.2005.21.977.
van der Snoek EM, de Wit JBF, Götz HM, Mulder PGH, Neumann MHA, van der Meijden WI: Incidence of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infection in men who have sex with men related to knowledge, perceived susceptibility, and perceived severity of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infection: Dutch MSM-Cohort Study. Sex Transm Dis. 2006, 33 (3): 193-198. 10.1097/01.olq.0000194593.58251.8d.
Ghanem KG, Hutton HE, Zenilman JM, Zimba R, Erbelding EJ: Audio computer assisted self interview and face to face interview modes in assessing response bias among STD clinic patients. Sex Transm Infect. 2005, 81 (5): 421-425. 10.1136/sti.2004.013193.