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  1. Research article

    Point of sampling detection of Zika virus within a multiplexed kit capable of detecting dengue and chikungunya

    Zika, dengue, and chikungunya are three mosquito-borne viruses having overlapping transmission vectors. They cause diseases having similar symptoms in human patients, but requiring different immediate manageme...

    Ozlem Yaren, Barry W. Alto, Priyanka V. Gangodkar, Shatakshi R. Ranade, Kunal N. Patil, Kevin M. Bradley, Zunyi Yang, Nikhil Phadke and Steven A. Benner

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:293

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  2. Research article

    A comprehensive overview of urogenital, anorectal and oropharyngeal Neisseria gonorrhoeae testing and diagnoses among different STI care providers: a cross-sectional study

    Gonorrhoea, caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), can cause reproductive morbidity, is increasingly becoming resistant to antibiotics and is frequently asymptomatic, which shows the essential role of NG test prac...

    Casper D. J. den Heijer, Christian J. P. A. Hoebe, Geneviève A. F. S. van Liere, Jan E. A. M. van Bergen, Jochen W. L. Cals, Frans S. Stals and Nicole H. T. M. Dukers-Muijrers

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:290

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Trends in baseline CD4 cell counts and risk factors for late antiretroviral therapy initiation among HIV-positive patients in Shanghai, a retrospective cross-sectional study

    There are few studies focus on the factors underlying the late initiation of ART in China. We analyzed the trends in the median CD4 cell counts among different patient groups over time and the risk factors for...

    Jianjun Sun, Li Liu, Jiayin Shen, Panpan Chen and Hongzhou Lu

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:285

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  4. Research article

    Evaluation of genotype MTBDRplus VER 2.0 line probe assay for the detection of MDR-TB in smear positive and negative sputum samples

    Multi drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses formidable challenges to TB control due to its complex diagnostic and treatment challenges and often associated with a high rate of mortality. Accurate and rapi...

    Abyot Meaza, Abebaw Kebede, Zelalem Yaregal, Zekarias Dagne, Shewki Moga, Bazezew Yenew, Getu Diriba, Helina Molalign, Mengistu Tadesse, Desalegn Adisse, Muluwork Getahun and Kassu Desta

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:280

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in beef cattle at slaughter and beef carcasses at retail shops in Ethiopia

    There is paucity of information regarding the epidemiology of Escherichia coli O157: H7 in developing countries. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of E. coli O157: H7 associated with beef cattle at pr...

    Rosa Abdissa, Woynshet Haile, Akafete Teklu Fite, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Getahun E. Agga, Bedaso Mammo Edao, Fanos Tadesse, Mesula Geloye Korsa, Takele Beyene, Tariku Jibat Beyene, Lieven De Zutter, Eric Cox and Bruno Maria Goddeeris

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:277

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  6. Research article

    Isolation of enterococci, their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and associated factors among patients attending at the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital

    Enterococci become clinically important especially in immune compromised patients and important causes of nosocomial infections. Data on the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and associated fac...

    Amelework Yilema, Feleke Moges, Sisay Tadele, Mengistu Endris, Afework Kassu, Wondwossen Abebe and Getnet Ayalew

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:276

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  7. Technical advance

    1H-NMR analysis of feces: new possibilities in the helminthes infections research

    Analysis of the stool samples is an essential part of routine diagnostics of the helminthes infections. However, the standard methods such Kato and Kato-Katz utilize only a fraction of the information availabl...

    Sarantos Kostidis, Daria Kokova, Natalia Dementeva, Irina V. Saltykova, Hye Kyong Kim, Young Hae Choi and Oleg A. Mayboroda

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:275

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  8. Research article

    Detection of CTX-M-15 beta-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae causing hospital- and community-acquired urinary tract infections as early as 2004, in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    The spread of Extended Spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) among Enterobacteriaceae and other Gram-Negative pathogens in the community and hospitals represents a major challenge to combat infections. We conducted a stu...

    Joel Manyahi, Sabrina J. Moyo, Marit Gjerde Tellevik, Faustine Ndugulile, Willy Urassa, Bjørn Blomberg and Nina Langeland

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:282

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  9. Research article

    Carbapenem resistance, inappropriate empiric treatment and outcomes among patients hospitalized with Enterobacteriaceae urinary tract infection, pneumonia and sepsis

    Drug resistance among gram-negative pathogens is a risk factor for inappropriate empiric treatment (IET), which in turn increases the risk for mortality. We explored the impact of carbapenem-resistant Enteroba...

    Marya D. Zilberberg, Brian H. Nathanson, Kate Sulham, Weihong Fan and Andrew F. Shorr

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:279

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  10. Case report

    Acute-phase diagnosis of murine and scrub typhus in Belgian travelers by polymerase chain reaction: a case report

    Rickettsiosis is a potential life threatening infectious disease in travelers. Clinical recognition is not always straightforward, as typical manifestations such as rash and/or eschar may be absent. Definite d...

    Caroline Theunissen, Lieselotte Cnops, Marjan Van Esbroeck, Ralph Huits and Emmanuel Bottieau

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:273

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  11. Case report

    Detection of high serum levels of β-D-Glucan in disseminated nocardial infection: a case report

    β-D-glucan (BDG) is a helpful diagnostic marker for many invasive fungal infections, but not for nocardiosis. Here, we reported the first case of nocardial infection with high serum level of BDG.

    Toyomitsu Sawai, Takumi Nakao, Shota Yamaguchi, Sumako Yoshioka, Nobuko Matsuo, Naofumi Suyama, Katsunori Yanagihara and Hiroshi Mukae

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:272

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  12. Research article

    Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection and the molecular characteristics of MRSA bacteraemia over a two-year period in a tertiary teaching hospital in Malaysia

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an established pathogen that causes hospital- and community-acquired infections worldwide. The prevalence rate of MRSA infections were reported to be the high...

    Pik San Sit, Cindy Shuan Ju Teh, Nuryana Idris, I-Ching Sam, Sharifah Faridah Syed Omar, Helmi Sulaiman, Kwai Lin Thong, Adeeba Kamarulzaman and Sasheela Ponnampalavanar

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:274

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  13. Research article

    Lower genetic variability of HIV-1 and antiretroviral drug resistance in pregnant women from the state of Pará, Brazil

    The present study aimed to describe the genetic diversity of HIV-1, as well as the resistance profile of the viruses identified in HIV-1 infected pregnant women under antiretroviral therapy in the state of Par...

    Luiz Fernando Almeida Machado, Iran Barros Costa, Maria Nazaré Folha, Anderson Levy Bessa da Luz, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto, Ricardo Ishak and Marluisa Oliveira Guimarães Ishak

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:270

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Disparities in HIV and syphilis prevalence and risk factors between older male clients with and without steady sex partners in southwestern rural China

    Heterosexual intercourse accounted for 93% of reported HIV cases in Guangxi, and Guangxi had 10% of China’s total number of reported HIV cases. Older men are particularly vulnerable to STIs, for example, 46% o...

    Li Chen, Jenny H. His, Xinghua Wu, Zhiyong Shen, Huaxiang Lu, Huanhuan Chen, Hui Huang, Heng Zhang, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao and Zhenzhu Tang

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:269

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  15. Research article

    Effectiveness of Progressive Resistive Exercise (PRE) in the context of HIV: systematic review and meta-analysis using the Cochrane Collaboration protocol

    HIV is increasingly considered a chronic illness. More individuals are living longer and aging with the health-related consequences associated with HIV and multi-morbidity. Exercise is a self-management approa...

    Kelly K. O’Brien, Anne-Marie Tynan, Stephanie A. Nixon and Richard H. Glazier

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:268

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  16. Research article

    Long-term impact of self-financed rotavirus vaccines on rotavirus-associated hospitalizations and costs in the Valencia Region, Spain

    Rotavirus vaccines are available in Spain from 2007. They are recommended by the Spanish Pediatric Association, but not funded by the National Health System (NHS) and its coverage rate reached 40-50%. The hosp...

    Alejandro Orrico-Sanchez, Mónica López-Lacort, Silvia Pérez-Vilar and Javier Díez-Domingo

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:267

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  17. Research article

    The PICASSO Cohort: baseline characteristics of a cohort of men who have sex with men and male-to-female transgender women at high risk for syphilis infection in Lima, Peru

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) and male-to-female transgender women (transwomen) are disproportionately at risk of syphilis infection in Peru.

    Noah Kojima, Hayoung Park, Kelika A. Konda, Dvora L. Joseph Davey, Claire C. Bristow, Brandon Brown, Segundo R. Leon, Silver K. Vargas, Gino M. Calvo, Carlos F. Caceres and Jeffrey D. Klausner

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:255

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  18. Research article

    TST positivity in household contacts of tuberculosis patients: a case-contact study in Malawi

    Screening household contacts of active tuberculosis (TB) patients is recommended for TB control. Due to resource constraints this rarely occurs in lower income countries. Demographic and clinical features of i...

    Jonas Hector, Suzanne T. Anderson, Gertrude Banda, Mercy Kamdolozi, Laura F. Jefferys, Doris Shani, Natalie J. Garton, Agnes Mwale, Annie Jobe, Geraint R. Davies and Derek J Sloan

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:259

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  19. Research article

    Assessments of serum copper and zinc concentration, and the Cu/Zn ratio determination in patients with multidrug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Côte d’Ivoire

    In Côte d’Ivoire, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a serious public health problem with a prevalence estimated at 2.5% in 2006. Zinc and copper are essential Trace element needed to strengthen the ...

    Gnogbo Alexis Bahi, Lydie Boyvin, Souleymane Méité, Gervais Melaine M’Boh, Kadjowely Yeo, Kouassi Raymond N’Guessan, Alain Dit Philippe Bidié and Allico Joseph Djaman

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:257

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  20. Research article

    HLA-B*57:01 allele prevalence in HIV-infected North American subjects and the impact of allele testing on the incidence of abacavir-associated hypersensitivity reaction in HLA-B*57:01-negative subjects

    The presence of the HLA-B*57:01 allele in HIV-infected subjects is associated with a higher risk of abacavir-associated hypersensitivity reaction (ABC HSR). HLA-B*57:01 allele prevalence varies in different po...

    Catherine Butkus Small, David A. Margolis, Mark S. Shaefer and Lisa L. Ross

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:256

    Published on: 11 April 2017

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