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  1. Case report

    Exiguobacterium sp. A1b/GX59 isolated from a patient with community-acquired pneumonia and bacteremia: genomic characterization and literature review

    Bacterial species belonging to the genus Exiguobacterium are facultative anaerobic, non-spore-forming, Gram-positive bacilli, and rarely associated with human infections. Herein, we reported the first case of com...

    Xingchun Chen, Lijun Wang, Jiali Zhou, Honglong Wu, Dong Li, Yanchao Cui and Binghuai Lu

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:508

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  2. Case report

    Staphylococcus aureus Prostatic abscess: a clinical case report and a review of the literature

    Prostatic abscess is a rare complication of acute bacterial prostatitis and is most commonly caused by Enterobacteriaceae. We report on a case of prostatic abscess caused by Staphylococcus aureus and conduct a re...

    David E. Carroll, Ian Marr, G Khai Lin Huang, Deborah C. Holt, Steven Y. C. Tong and Craig S. Boutlis

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:509

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  3. Research article

    GeneXpert HIV-1 quant assay, a new tool for scale up of viral load monitoring in the success of ART programme in India

    Recent WHO guidelines identify virologic monitoring for diagnosing and confirming ART failure. In view of this, validation and scale up of point of care viral load technologies is essential in resource limited...

    Smita Kulkarni, Sushama Jadhav, Priyanka Khopkar, Suvarna Sane, Rajkumar Londhe, Vaishali Chimanpure, Veronica Dhilpe, Manisha Ghate, Rajendra Yelagate, Narayan Panchal, Girish Rahane, Dilip Kadam, Nitin Gaikwad, Bharat Rewari and Raman Gangakhedkar

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:506

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  4. Research article

    Validity and reliability of the tuberculosis-related stigma scale version for Brazilian Portuguese

    Stigma associated with tuberculosis (TB) has been an object of interest in several regions of the world. The behaviour presented by patients as a result of social discrimination has contributed to delays in di...

    Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Laís Mara Caetano da Silva, Mellina Yamamura, Marcela Paschoal Popolin, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Aylana de Souza Belchior, Danielle Talita dos Santos, Flávia Meneguetti Pieri, Ludmila Barbosa Bandeira Rodrigues, Simone Terezinha Protti, Ione Carvalho Pinto, Pedro Fredemir Palha and Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:510

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  5. Research article

    Evaluation of creatine kinase and liver enzymes in identification of severe dengue

    Existing biomarkers such as AST, ALT and hematocrit have been associated with severe dengue but evidence are mixed. Recently, interests in creatine kinase as a dengue biomarker have risen. These biomarkers rep...

    Saiful Safuan Md Sani, Winn Hui Han, Mohamad Adam Bujang, Hui Jen Ding, Kiah Loon Ng and Mohd Azizuddin Amir Shariffuddin

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:505

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  6. Research article

    The burden of HIV on Tuberculosis patients in the Volta region of Ghana from 2012 to 2015: implication for Tuberculosis control

    The impact of HIV on TB, and the implications for TB control, has been acknowledged as a public health challenge. It is imperative therefore to assess the burden of HIV on TB patients as an indicator for monit...

    Eric Osei, Joyce Der, Richard Owusu, Philip Kofie and Wisdom Kudzo Axame

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:504

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  7. Research article

    Comparing patient and healthcare worker experiences during a dengue outbreak in Singapore: understanding the patient journey and the introduction of a point-of-care test (POCT) toward better care delivery

    In the aftermath of an upsurge in the number of dengue cases in 2013 and 2014, the SD BIOLINE Dengue Duo rapid diagnostic Point-of-Care Test (POCT) kit was introduced in Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore in June ...

    Qinghui Tan, Zoe J-L Hildon, Shweta Singh, Jin Jing, Tun Linn Thein, Richard Coker, Hubertus J. M. Vrijhoef and Yee Sin Leo

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:503

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  8. Research article

    Cost-effectiveness analysis of different types of human papillomavirus vaccination combined with a cervical cancer screening program in mainland China

    China has a high prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) and a consequently high burden of disease with respect to cervical cancer. The HPV vaccine has proved to be effective in preventing cervical cancer and...

    Xiuting Mo, Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Lijie Wang, Xianchen Liu, Bin Wu, Huiwen Luo, Chie Nagata, Rintaro Mori and Takeo Nakayama

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:502

    Published on: 18 July 2017

  9. Research article

    Epidemiological and clinical profile of paediatric malaria: a cross sectional study performed on febrile children in five epidemiological strata of malaria in Cameroon

    In the wake of a decline in global malaria, it is imperative to describe the epidemiology of malaria in a country to inform control policies. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiological and c...

    Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Tayong Dizzle Bita Kwenti, Andreas Latz, Longdoh Anna Njunda and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:499

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  10. Research article

    Cytomegalovirus viraemia and mortality in renal transplant recipients in the era of antiviral prophylaxis. Lessons from the western Australian experience

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) establishes a lifelong infection that is efficiently controlled by the immune system; this infection can be reactivated in case of immunosuppression such as following solid organ transpla...

    Linda A. Selvey, Wai H. Lim, Peter Boan, Ramyasuda Swaminathan, Claudia Slimings, Amy E. Harrison and Aron Chakera

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:501

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  11. Research article

    Clinical characteristics and outcomes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia in febrile neutropenic children and adolescents with the impact of antibiotic resistance: a retrospective study

    Although the proportion of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections has reduced after the introduction of antibiotics with anti-pseudomonal effects, P. aeruginosa bacteremia still causes high mortality in immunocompromi...

    Hyo Sup Kim, Bo Kyoung Park, Seong koo Kim, Seung Beom Han, Jae Wook Lee, Dong-Gun Lee, Nack-Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Dae Chul Jeong and Jin Han Kang

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:500

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  12. Research article

    Hepatitis a virus genotypes and strains from an endemic area of Europe, Bulgaria 2012–2014

    Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is endemic in Eastern European and Balkan region countries. In 2012, Bulgaria showed the highest rate (67.13 cases per 100,000) in Europe. Nevertheless, HAV genotypes and stra...

    Roberto Bruni, Stefania Taffon, Michele Equestre, Eleonora Cella, Alessandra Lo Presti, Angela Costantino, Paola Chionne, Elisabetta Madonna, Elitsa Golkocheva-Markova, Diljana Bankova, Massimo Ciccozzi, Pavel Teoharov and Anna Rita Ciccaglione

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:497

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  13. Research article

    Etiology and prognosis of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in Chinese children: a multicentre prospective study

    In China, there were few studies about the pathogens of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in children in recent years. The aims of this study were to characterize the etiology and prognosis of acute vira...

    Junhong Ai, Zhengde Xie, Gang Liu, Zongbo Chen, Yong Yang, Yuning Li, Jing Chen, Guo Zheng and Kunling Shen

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:494

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  14. Study protocol

    A randomized clinical pharmacokinetic trial of Tenofovir in blood, plasma and urine in adults with perfect, moderate and low PrEP adherence: the TARGET study

    Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is key component of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV, but existing tools to monitor drug adherence are often inaccurate. Detection of...

    Tim R. Cressey, Oraphan Siriprakaisil, Virat Klinbuayaem, Justice Quame-Amaglo, Rachel W. Kubiak, Pra-ornsuda Sukrakanchana, Kanchana Than-in-at, Jared Baeten, Wasna Sirirungsi, Ratchada Cressey and Paul K. Drain

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:496

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  15. Case report

    The clinical and virological features of the first imported case causing MERS-CoV outbreak in South Korea, 2015

    In 2015, the largest outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection outside the Middle East occurred in South Korea. We summarized the epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory f...

    Ji Yeon Lee, You-Jin Kim, Eun Hee Chung, Dae-Won Kim, Ina Jeong, Yeonjae Kim, Mi-ran Yun, Sung Soon Kim, Gayeon Kim and Joon-Sung Joh

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:498

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  16. Research article

    Infants hospitalized for Bordetella pertussis infection commonly have respiratory viral coinfections

    Whether viral coinfections cause more severe disease than Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) alone remains unclear. We compared clinical disease severity and sought clinical and demographic differences between i...

    A. Frassanito, R. Nenna, A. Nicolai, A. Pierangeli, A. E. Tozzi, P. Stefanelli, R. Carsetti, C. Concato, I. Schiavoni and F. Midulla

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:492

    Published on: 12 July 2017

  17. Research article

    Pyrazinamide resistance-conferring mutations in pncA and the transmission of multidrug resistant TB in Georgia

    The ongoing epidemic of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Georgia highlights the need for more effective control strategies. A new regimen to treat MDR-TB that includes pyrazinamide (PZA) is current...

    Sarah Sengstake, Indra L Bergval, Anja R Schuitema, Jessica L de Beer, Jody Phelan, Rina de Zwaan, Taane G Clark, Dick van Soolingen and Richard M Anthony

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:491

    Published on: 12 July 2017

  18. Research article

    Bacterial bloodstream infections in a tertiary infectious diseases hospital in Northern Vietnam: aetiology, drug resistance, and treatment outcome

    Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are associated with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. However their aetiology, antimicrobial susceptibilities and associated outcomes differ between developed and developing...

    Vu Quoc Dat, Hieu Ngoc Vu, Hung Nguyen The, Hoa Thi Nguyen, Long Bao Hoang, Dung Vu Tien Viet, Chi Linh Bui, Kinh Van Nguyen, Trung Vu Nguyen, Dao Tuyet Trinh, Alessandro Torre, H. Rogier van Doorn, Behzad Nadjm and Heiman F.L. Wertheim

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:493

    Published on: 12 July 2017

  19. Research article

    Urinary schistosomiasis among vulnerable children in a rehabilitation home in Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria

    Schistosomiasis is a disease of public health importance with long term complications mostly common among children, rural dwellers, poor and migrant workers. Studies have not documented the burden among migran...

    Obioma Uchendu, Victoria Oladoyin, Michael Idowu, Oluwapelumi Adeyera, Oluwatosin Olabisi, Oluwafisayomi Oluwatosin and Gbemisola Leigh

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:487

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  20. Research article

    Seroprevalence and risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women from Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

    Toxoplasmosis is one of the common worldwide parasitic zoonosis due to Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy can result in fetal and neonatal death or various congenital defects. The aim o...

    Sanata Bamba, Mamoudou Cissé, Ibrahim Sangaré, Adama Zida, Souleymane Ouattara and Robert T. Guiguemdé

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:482

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  21. Research article

    Spread of resistant gram negatives in a Sri Lankan intensive care unit

    Infections with multi drug resistant (MDR) organisms are a major problem in intensive care units (ICUs). Proper infection control procedures are mandatory to combat the spread of resistant organisms within ICU...

    Kavinda Tissera, Veranja Liyanapathirana, Nilanthi Dissanayake, Vasanthi Pinto, Asela Ekanayake, Manjula Tennakoon, Dinuka Adasooriya and Dulmini Nanayakkara

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:490

    Published on: 11 July 2017

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