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  1. Research article

    An assessment of the geographical risks of wild and vaccine-derived poliomyelitis outbreaks in Africa and Asia

    The international spread of wild poliomyelitis outbreaks continues to threaten eradication of poliomyelitis and in 2014 a public health emergency of international concern was declared. Here we describe a risk ...

    Kathleen M. O’Reilly, Christine Lamoureux, Natalie A. Molodecky, Hil Lyons, Nicholas C. Grassly and Graham Tallis

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:367

    Published on: 26 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Antimicrobial susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from Hefei (2014–2015): genetic characteristics of antimicrobial resistance

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and genetic determinants of resistance of N. gonorrhoeae isolates from Hefei, China, were characterized adding a breadth of information to the molecular epidemiology of gonococcal r...

    Fa-Xing Jiang, Qian Lan, Wen-Jing Le and Xiao-Hong Su

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:366

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Tochigi prefecture, a local region of Japan

    Foreign-born patients with tuberculosis (TB) may introduce globally disseminated isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis into large cities in Japan. The risk of dissemination of these isolates into local regions, ...

    Fuminori Mizukoshi, Tohru Miyoshi-Akiyama, Hiroki Iwai, Takako Suzuki, Reiko Kiritani, Teruo Kirikae and Keiji Funatogawa

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:365

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  4. Study protocol

    Prenatal diagnosis and prevention of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women in Northern Vietnam: study protocol

    In Vietnam, no systematic prenatal toxoplasmosis screening is in place, and only few studies have assessed the prevalence and importance of this zoonotic parasite infection. In addition, no studies have been c...

    G. Suzanne A. Smit, Thi Lam Binh Vu, Trung Dung Do, Niko Speybroeck, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Elizaveta Padalko, Ellen Roets and Pierre Dorny

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:364

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  5. Research article

    Novel serum biomarkers modified by the body mass index z-score for the detection of liver fibrosis and steatosis in children with chronic hepatitis C

    There is a need for validation of noninvasive alternatives to liver biopsy for the evaluation of fibrosis in children with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic perfor...

    Maria Pokorska-Śpiewak, Barbara Kowalik-Mikołajewska, Małgorzata Aniszewska, Magdalena Pluta and Magdalena Marczyńska

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:361

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  6. Research article

    Results of an early intervention programme for patients with bacteraemia: analysis of prognostic factors and mortality

    Bacteraemia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients admitted to hospital. The aim of this study is to analyse the results of a two-year programme for the early optimisation of antibiotic treat...

    A. del Arco, J. Olalla, J. de la Torre, A. Blázquez, N. Montiel-Quezel, J. L. Prada, F. Rivas, J. García-Alegría and F. Fernández-Sánchez

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:360

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  7. Research article

    Antimicrobial consumption, costs and resistance patterns: a two year prospective study in a Romanian intensive care unit

    Due to the vulnerable nature of its patients, the wide use of invasive devices and broad-spectrum antimicrobials used, the intensive care unit (ICU) is often called the epicentre of infections. In the present ...

    Carmen Axente, Monica Licker, Roxana Moldovan, Elena Hogea, Delia Muntean, Florin Horhat, Ovidiu Bedreag, Dorel Sandesc, Marius Papurica, Dorina Dugaesescu, Mirela Voicu and Luminita Baditoiu

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:358

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  8. Research article

    Clinical characteristics of disseminated cryptococcosis in previously healthy children in China

    Disseminated cryptococcosis is a rare and fatal disease, and limited data exist regarding it in children. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of disseminated cryptococcosis in previous...

    Li-Wei Gao, An-Xia Jiao, Xi-Rong Wu, Shun-Ying Zhao, Yun Ma, Gang Liu, Ju Yin, Bao-Ping Xu and Kun-Ling Shen

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:359

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  9. Erratum

    Erratum to: Precision of the Kalon Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 IgG ELISA: an international inter-laboratory assessment

    Eshan U. Patel, Jordyn Manucci, Erin M. Kahle, Jairam R. Lingappa, Rhoda Ashley Morrow, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Anelet James, Kwitaka F. Maluzi, Maina M. Cheeba, Glenda Gray, Barry Kosloff, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Mubiana Inambao, Bellington Vwalika, Thomas C. Quinn and Oliver Laeyendecker

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:355

    Published on: 19 May 2017

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2015 15:398

  10. Research article

    Varicella-zoster virus seroprevalence in children and adolescents in the pre-varicella vaccine era, Germany

    In 2004, universal childhood varicella vaccination was introduced in Germany. We aimed to determine the age-specific prevalence of anti-varicella zoster virus (VZV) IgG-antibodies among children in the pre-var...

    Miriam Wiese-Posselt, Anette Siedler, Annette Mankertz, Andreas Sauerbrei, Hartmut Hengel, Ole Wichmann and Christina Poethko-Müller

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:356

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  11. Research article

    Role of routine abdominal ultrasonography in intensified tuberculosis case finding algorithms at HIV clinics in high TB burden settings

    High proportion of TB in people living with HIV (PLHIV) is undiagnosed. Due to this active TB case finding is recommended for HIV clinics in high TB burden countries. Presently sputum examination and chest rad...

    Sonam Spalgais, Upasna Agarwal, Rohit Sarin, Devesh Chauhan, Anita Yadav and Anand Jaiswal

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:351

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  12. Research article

    HIV infection, hypercoagulability and ischaemic stroke in adults at the University Teaching Hospital in Zambia: a case control study

    In Zambia, 14.2% of adults have HIV/AIDS. There has been a substantial and significant increase in patients hospitalized for ischaemic stroke with co-existing HIV infection. However, little is known about the ...

    Stanley Zimba, Patrice Mukomena Ntanda, Shabir Lakhi and Masharip Atadzhanov

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:354

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  13. Research article

    Determination of the sources and antimicrobial resistance patterns of Salmonella isolated from the poultry industry in Southern Ethiopia

    Ethiopia set an ambitious masterplan to increase chicken meat and egg production from 2015 to 2020. Poultry breeding, multiplication and distribution centers in the country have received executive order to imp...

    Reta Duguma Abdi, Fisseha Mengstie, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Takele Beyene, Hika Waktole, Bedasso Mammo, Dinka Ayana and Fufa Abunna

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:352

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  14. Research article

    Estimation of the burden of varicella in Europe before the introduction of universal childhood immunization

    Varicella is generally considered a mild disease. Disease burden is not well known and country-level estimation is challenging. As varicella disease is not notifiable, notification criteria and rates vary betw...

    Margarita Riera-Montes, Kaatje Bollaerts, Ulrich Heininger, Niel Hens, Giovanni Gabutti, Angel Gil, Bayad Nozad, Grazina Mirinaviciute, Elmira Flem, Audrey Souverain, Thomas Verstraeten and Susanne Hartwig

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:353

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  15. Research article

    Enhanced chlorhexidine skin penetration with 1,8-cineole

    Chlorhexidine (CHG) penetrates poorly into skin. The purpose of this study was to compare the depth of CHG skin permeation from solutions containing either 2% (w/v) CHG and 70% (v/v) isopropyl alcohol (IPA) or 2%...

    A. L. Casey, T. J. Karpanen, B. R. Conway, T. Worthington, P. Nightingale, R. Waters and T. S. J. Elliott

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:350

    Published on: 17 May 2017

  16. Research article

    Tryptophan catabolism and immune activation in primary and chronic HIV infection

    Kynurenine/Tryptophan ratio (KTR) is increased in HIV infection, and linked to immune activation. We hypothesized that early cART initiation results in lower KTR compared to late initiation. Furthermore, we hy...

    Marco Gelpi, Hans J. Hartling, Per M. Ueland, Henrik Ullum, Marius Trøseid and Susanne D. Nielsen

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:349

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  17. Research article

    Epidemiology of pertussis in Casablanca (Morocco): contribution of conventional and molecular diagnosis tools

    Pertussis, a vaccine preventable disease, is still responsible of significant morbidity and mortality around the world, mostly in newborns. The aim of the present study was (1) to introduce pertussis surveilla...

    Khalid Katfy, Nicole Guiso, Idrissa Diawara, Khalid Zerouali, Bouchra Slaoui, Zineb Jouhadi, Abdelhadi Zineddine, Houria Belabbes and Naima Elmdaghri

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:348

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  18. Research article

    Reemergence of yellow fever in Ethiopia after 50 years, 2013: epidemiological and entomological investigations

    Yellow Fever (YF) is a viral hemorrhagic disease transmitted by aedes mosquito species. Approximately, 200,000 cases and 30,000 deaths occur worldwide every year. In Ethiopia, the last outbreak was reported in 19...

    Abrham Lilay, Negga Asamene, Abyot Bekele, Mesfin Mengesha, Milliyon Wendabeku, Israel Tareke, Abiy Girmay, Yonas Wuletaw, Abate Adossa, Yamar Ba, Amadou Sall, Daddi Jima and Debritu Mengesha

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:343

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  19. Research article

    Comparison of antibody responses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigen Rv0679c in tuberculosis patients from the endemic and non-endemic regions of the Beijing genotype: a case control study

    Strains of the Beijing genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) are reportedly associated with the virulence of tuberculosis (TB) infection, unfavorable outcomes of anti-TB treatment, and the global TB pandem...

    Jingge Zhao, Takashi Matsuba, Xiaoyan Zhang, Susan Leano, Chie Nakajima, Haorile Chagan-Yasutan, Elizabeth Freda Telan, Yasuhiko Suzuki and Toshio Hattori

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:344

    Published on: 15 May 2017

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