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Table 2 Comparison of survivors and non-survivors

From: Characteristics and outcomes of patients admitted to a tertiary academic hospital in Pretoria with HIV and severe pneumonia: a retrospective cohort study

Variable N Died Alive Crude OR (95% CI) P value
Gender      
 F 73 30 43 1  
 M 42 15 27 0.80 (0.36–1.75) 0.57
Age (years)      
 19–34 49 16 33 1  
 35–49 54 30 24 2.58 (1.16–5.75) 0.02*
 50–65 14 1 13 0.16 (0.02–1.32) 0.09*
HAART on admission      
 No 75 32 43 1  
 Yes 42 15 27 0.75 (0.34–1.63) 0.46
TB      
 No 76 28 48 1  
 Yes 41 19 22 1.48 (0.69–3.20) 0.32
PJP      
 No 92 34 58 1  
 Yes 25 13 12 1.85 (0.76–4.51) 0.18
CMV      
 No 60 18 42 1  
 Yes 56 28 28 2.33 (1.09–4.99) 0.03*
ICU      
 No 56 7 49 1  
 Yes 61 40 21 13.33 (5.14–34.54)  < 0.001*
Mech vent      
 No 57 7 50 1  
 Yes 60 40 20 14.24 (5.49–37.17)  < 0.001*
HIV viral load      
 < 1000 13 4 9 1  
 >  = 1000 63 27 36 1.69 (0.47–6.06) 0.42
CD4      
 <  = 200 84 39 45 1  
 > 200 27 6 21 0.33 (0.12–0.90) 0.03*
  1. *Statistically significant