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Table 3 Characteristics and risk factors of PCR-confirmed diagnosis

From: Behavioral–biological surveillance of emerging infectious diseases among a dynamic cohort in Thailand

 

Positive test (n = 61)

Negative test (n = 617)

p-value

Gender

   

 Male

41 (67%)

248 (40%)

 < 0.0001

 Female

20(33%)

369 (60%)

 

Age group in years

   

 < 10

26 (43%)

27 (4%)

 < 0.0001

 10–19

9 (15%)

25 (4%)

 

 20–39

19 (31%)

117 (19%)

 

 40–59

3 (5%)

237 (39%)

 

 60–79

4 (6%)

196 (32%)

 

 > 80

0 (0%)

12 (2%)

 

Education

   

 None

20 (33%)

38 (6%)

 < 0.0001

 Primary school

19 (31%)

325 (53%)

 

 Secondary school

13 (21%)

153 (25%)

 

 College/university/professional

9 (15%)%)

101 (16%)

 

Primary livelihood

  

 Child/student

36 (59%)

51 (8%)

 < 0.0001

 Construction

1 (2%)

20 (3%)

 

 Crop production

11 (18%)

101 (16%)

 

 Extraction of minerals, gas, oil, timer

1 (2%)

51 (8%)

 

 Homemaker/unemployed

2 (3%)

81 (13%)

 

 Non-animal business

9 (15%)

263 (43%)

 

 Military

1 (2%)

1 (< 1%)

 

 Zoo/sanctuary animal health care

0 (0%)

34 (5%)

 

 Rancher/farmer animal production business

0 (0%)

2 (< 1%)

 

 Nurse, doctor, traditional healer, community health worker

0 (0%)

11 (2%)

 

 Forager/gatherer/non-timber forest product collector

0 (0%)

2 (< 1%)

 

Length of time living at location (in years)

  

 < 1

5 (8%)

12 (2%)

 < 0.0001

 1–5

19 (31%)

40 (6%)

 

 5–10

26 (43%)

140 (23%)

 

 > 10

11 (18%)

425 (69%)

 

Travelled

   

 Yes

41 (67%)

304 (49%)

0.007

 No

20 (33%)

313 (51%)

 

Food storage for the household

  

 Yes, with covers

58 (95%)

607(98%)

0.06

 Yes, without covers

2 (3%)

3 (< 1%)

 

 No

1 (2%)

7 (1%)

 

Drinking water treated

  

 Yes

58 (95%)

402 (65%)

 < 0.0001

 No

3 (5%)

215 (35%)

 

Number of people in dwelling

 

 None

0 (0%)

2 (< 1%)

0.07

 1–5

38 (62%)

465 (75%)

 

 6–9

21 (34%)

142 (23%)

 

 10 and above

2 (3%)

8 (1%)

 

Having animal contact

  

 Yes

54 (89)

561 (91%)

0.54

 No

7 (11%)

56 (9%)

 

Having animal contact excluding dogs and cats

 

 Yes

44 (72%)

352 (57%)

0.02

 No

17 (28%)

265 (43%)

 

Self-reported unusual symptoms last year

 

 Yes

29 (48%)

189 (31%)

0.007

 No

32 (52%)

428 (69%)

 

Symptoms last year in other people you live with

 

 Yes

20 (33%)

103 (17%)

0.002

 No

41 (67%

514 (83%)