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Table 3 Attitude and practices of respondents towards Taenia solium cysticercosis/taeniasis

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to Taenia solium cysticercosis and taeniasis in Tanzania

  Mbulu Mpwapwa Rungwe Mbinga Total  
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) p-value
121 122 119 121 483  
Attitude related questions (risk perceptions and measures against infected pork)
 Do you consider yourself at risk of being infected with tapeworm?—Yes 11/121 (9) 29/122 (24) 13/119 (11) 25/121 (21) 78/483 (16)  < 0.001
 Are you at risk of being infected with cysticerci?—Yes 6/121 (5) 4/122 (3) 1/119 (1) 9/ (7) 20/483 (4)  < 0.001
 Is it safe to eat pork infected with cysticerci?—No 44/121 (36) 30/122 (25) 53/119 (45) 14/121 (12) 141/483 (29)  < 0.001
 Appropriate measures taken for infected pork—Yes 109/121 (90) 112/122 (92) 117/119 (98) 121/121 (100) 459/483 (95)  < 0.001
Practices related questions (acceptable preventive practices)
 Eats pork 109/121 (90) 93/122 (76) 84/119 (71) 106/121 (88) 392/483 (81)  < 0.001
 Pig keeper 100/121 (83) 92/122 (75) 87/119 (73) 88/121 (73) 367/483 (76) 0.24
 Pig confinement during farming season 65/100 (65) 92/92 (100) 75/83 (90) 88/88 (100) 320/367 (88)  < 0.001
 Pig confinement after harvest 82/100 (82) 88/92 (96) 83/83 (100) 88/88 (100) 341/367 (94)  < 0.001
 Free-range pigs are seen as potential cause of infection 86/121 (71) 90/100 (90) 69/87 (79) 81/88 (92) 326/396 (82)  < 0.001
 Ever slaughtered a pig in the backyard 26/121 (21) 19/122 (16) 8/119 (7) 41/121 (34) 94/483 (19)  < 0.001
 If yes, meat was inspected 7/26 (27) 19/19 (100) 6/8 (75) 35/41 (85) 67/94 (71)  < 0.001
 Participant can identify cysticerci 99/109 (91) 73/93 (79) 59/84 (70) 98/106 (92) 329/392 (84)  < 0.001
 Always cooks pork properly 72/104 (69) 51/81 (63) 69/81 (85) 81/99 (82) 273/365 (75) 0.002
 Always washes vegetables and fruits before eating raw 112/121 (93) 119/122 (98) 114/119 (96) 120/121 (99) 465/483 (96) 0.04
 Always washes hands with soap before eating 68/120 (57) 87/120 (72) 47/116 (40) 49/121 (40) 251/477 (53)  < 0.001
 Always treats drinking water 37/121 (31) 44/122 (36) 57/119 (48) 56 /121(46) 194/483 (40) 0.02
 Always uses toilet/latrine 117/121 (97) 122/122 (100) 118/119 (99) 121/121 (100) 478/483 (99) 0.03
 Always washes hands with soap after toilet use 74/94 (79) 92/103 (89) 73/101 (72) 74/99 (75) 313/397 (79) 0.02
  1. All p-values are based on a Chi-square analysis of numbers across the four districts