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Table 3 Multivariate analysis to assess factors associated with high RBG levels among TB patients without a known history of DM (N = 1275)

From: Clinical-demographic markers for improving diabetes mellitus diagnosis in people with tuberculosis in Tanzania

Variables Total
N = 1275
Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted** OR (95% CI) p-value
Sex
 Female 44 (34.7) Reference    
 Male 832 (65.3) 1.41 (0.93–2.15) 0.106 2.21 (1.33–3.70) 0.002
Age group
 < 35 490 (38.5) Reference    
 ≥ 35 785 (61.5) 2.14 (1.38–3.33) 0.001 2.16 (1.35–3.55) 0.018
≥ One DM symptoms
 No 1148 (89.6) Reference    
 Yes 133 (10.4) 14.64 (9.51–22.52) < 0.001 23.07 (13.94–39.09) < 0.001
HIV status
 Negative 958 (75.1) Reference    
 Positive 317 (24.9) 0.84 (0.53–1.33) 0.456 0.70 (0.41–1.17) 0.192
On ART
 No 28 (91.2) Reference    
 Yes 289 (8.8) 0.49 (0.16–1.55) 0.219   
Location of TB
 EPTB 317 (24.9) Reference    
 PTB 958 (75.1) 1.49 (0.92–2.42) 0.103 3.05 (1.57–6.09) 0.003
TB history
 New TB 38 (3.0) Reference    
 Recurrent TB 1237 (97.0) 1.20 (0.42–5.01) 0.769 1.06 (0.33–5.01) 0.925
Bacteriological results
 Negative 629 (49.3) Reference    
 Positive 646 (50.7) 1.17 (0.80–1.71) 0.416 1.09 (0.65–1.85) 0.741
  1. OR: Odds ratio, CI: confidence interval
  2. **Adjusted for sex, age, DM symptoms, HIV, type of TB, TB registration group, and bacteriological results. Logistic regression analyses were used