Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of study participants with and without a history of diabetes (N = 1344)

From: Clinical-demographic markers for improving diabetes mellitus diagnosis in people with tuberculosis in Tanzania

Characteristics Total
N = 1344 (%)
History of DM
N = 69 (%)
No history of DM
N = 1275 (%)
p-valuea
Mean age (± SD) year   50 (± 15) 41 (± 17) < 0.001
Mean weight (± SD) kg   61 (± 14) 52 (± 13) < 0.001
Sex
 Female 474 (35.3) 31 (44.9) 443 (34.7) 0.085
 Male 870 (64.7) 38 (55.1) 832 (65.3)  
HIV status (n = 1342)a
 Positive 335 (25.0) 18 (26.5) 317 (24.9) 0.774
 Negative 1007 (75.0) 50 (73.5) 957 (75.1)  
On ART (n = 335)
 Yes 308 (91.9) 15 (83.3) 293 (92.4) 0.168
 No 27 (8.1) 3 (16.7) 24 (7.6)  
Location of TB disease
 PTB 1011 (75.2) 53 (76.8) 958(75.1) 0.754
 EPTB 333 (24.8) 16 (23.2) 317 (24.9)  
Bacteriological resultsb
 Positive 680 (50.6) 34 (49.3) 646 (50.7) 0.822
 Negative 664 (49.4) 35 (50.7) 626 (49.3)  
TB history
 New TB 1303 (96.9) 66 (95.7) 1237 (97.0) 0.464
 Recurrent TB 41 (3.1) 3 (4.3) 38 (3.0)  
  1. TB: tuberculosis DM: diabetes mellitus, SD: standard deviation, PTB: pulmonary tuberculosis, EPTB: Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, HIV: human immunodeficiency virus, ART: antiretroviral therapy
  2. aTwo participants had unknown HIV status, a = x2 test
  3. bDiagnosed by Xpert MTB/RIF and/or sputum smear tests