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Table 1 Patients’ baseline socio-demographic, clinical and microbiological characteristics

From: High rate of successful treatment outcomes among childhood rifampicin/multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Pakistan: a multicentre retrospective observational analysis

Variables No. (%)
Patients enrolled in each PMDT site
 Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar 102 (47.9)
 Rawalpindi Leprosy Hospital Rawalpindi 43 (20.2)
 Nishter Hospital, Multan 41 (19.2)
 Jinnah Hospital, Lahore 8 (3.8)
 Saidu Teaching Hospital, Swat 7 (3.3)
 District Head Quarter Hospital, Faisalabad 7 (3.3)
 Sheikh Zaid Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan 5 (2.3)
Age (years)
 < 5 14 (6.6)
 5–9 24 (11.3)
 10–14 175 (82.2)
Gender
 Female 160 (75.1)
 Male 53 (24.9)
Baseline body weight
 Normal 96 (45.1)
 Below normal 117 (54.9)
History of TB treatment
 No 79 (37.1)
 Yes 125 (58.7)
 Unknown 9 (4.2)
Previous TB treatment regimen
 New patients 79 (37.1)
 Category-I 97 (45.5)
 Category-II 28 (13.1)
 Unknown 9 (4.2)
Previous use of second line anti-TB drugs
 No 205 (96.2)
 Yes 8 (3.8)
Co-morbidity
 No 198 (93.0)
 Yes 15 (7.0)
Type of co-morbidity
 Diabetes mellitus 3
 Depression 11
 Epilepsy 1
Type of drug-resistant TB
 Multidrug resistant TB 129 (60.0)
 Rifampicin resistant TB 84 (39.4)
Site of disease
 Pulmonary TB 183 (85.9)
 Extra-pulmonary TB 26 (12.2)
 Both 4 (1.9)
Baseline smear grading
 Negative 46 (21.6)
 Scanty (1–9 AFB/100 HPF) 15 (7.0)
 + 1 (10–99 AFB/100 HPF) 76 (35.7)
 + 2 (1–9 AFB/HPF) 42 (19.7)
 + 3 (> 9 AFB/100 HPF) 34 (16.0)
  1. AFB acid fast bacilli, HPF high power field, PMDT Programmatic management of drug resistant TB, TB tuberculosis