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Table 4 Organisms causing neonatal sepsis among neonates admitted to referral hospitals in Sana’a city, Yemen, in the period from January 15 to March 30, 2020 (N = 154)

From: Neonatal sepsis in Sana’a city, Yemen: a predominance of Burkholderia cepacia

Isolated organism Proportion of isolated pathogen n (%)
Early onseta sepsis (N = 100) Late onset sepsis (N = 54) Total (N = 154)
Single infection
 Burkholderia cepacia 38 (38.0) 19 (35.2) 57 (37.0)
 Klebsiella oxytoca 10 (10.0) 8 (14.8) 18 (11.6)
 Pantoea agglomerans 7 (7.0) 2 (3.7) 9 (5.8)
 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 4 (4.0) 2 (3.7) 6 (3.8)
 Klebsiella pneumoniae 2 (2.0) 2 (3.7) 4 (2.5)
 Pantoea dispersa 3 (3.0) 1 (1.8) 4 (2.5)
 Acinetobacter baumannii 2 (2.0) 0 (0) 2 (1.3)
 Acinetobacter lwoffii 2 (2.0) 1 (1.8) 3 (1.9)
 Enterobacter cloacae complex 0 (0) 1 (1.8) 1 (0.64)
 Escherichia coli 1 (1.0) 1 (1.8) 2 (1.3)
 Achromobacter denitrificans 0 (0) 1 (1.8) 1 (0.64)
 Sphingomonas paucimobilis 1 (1.0) 0 (0) 1(0.64)
 Staphylococcus haemolyticus 8 (8.0) 4 (7.4) 12 (7.8)
 Staphylococcus epidermidis 6 (6.0) 5 (9.2) 11 (7.1)
 Staphylococcus hominis 4 (4.0) 2 (3.7) 6 (3.8)
 Staphylococcus aureus 2 (2.0) 1 (1.8) 3 (1.9)
 Staphylococcus saprophyticus 2 (2.0) 0 (0) 2 (1.3)
 Enterococcus faecalis 0 (0) 1 (1.8) 1 (0.64)
 Candida albicans 2 (2.0) 0 (0) 2 (1.3)
Double infection
 B. cepacia and S. hominis 2&2(2.0) 0 (0) 2 (1.3)
 B. cepacia and S. haemolyticus 0 (0) 1&1 (1.8) 1 (0.64)
 K. oxytoca and Serratia marcescens 1&1(1.0) 0 (0) 1 (0.64)
 P. agglomerans and K. oxytoca 0 (0.0) 1&1 (1.8) 1 (0.64)
 K. pneumoniae and E. cloacae complex 1&1 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.64)
 A. baumannii and S. saprophyticus 1&1 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.64)
 E. cloacae complex and E. faecalis 0 (0) 1&1 (1.8) 1 (0.64)
 S. haemolyticus and Streptococcus. agalactiae 1&1 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.64)
Total number of isolated organisms 106 57 163
  1. N, number of patients
  2. aEarly onset sepsis ≤ 72 h and Late onset sepsis > 72 h