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Table 1 Socio-demographic, clinical presentation and laboratory findings

From: Predictors of severe leptospirosis: a multicentre observational study from Central Malaysia

Socio-demographic, clinical presentations and laboratory findings Mean ± SD or n (%)
Socio-demographic  
 Gender  
  Male 54 (65.06%)
  Female 29 (34.94%)
 Age 41.92 ± 17.99
  > 60 20(24.10%)
  < 60 63(75.90%)
Clinical presentations  
 Fever 81 (97.59%)
 Headache 34 (40.96%)
 GIT involvement 53 (63.86%)
 Myalgia 27 (32.53%)
 Mechanical ventilation 6 (7.23%)
 AKI 20 (24.10%)
 Septic shock 9 (10.84%)
Laboratory findings  
 Creatinine > 1.13 mg/dL 35 (42.17%)
 Urea > 7 mmol/L 33 (39.76%)
 Bilirubin > 32.49 μmol/L 20 (24.39%)
 ALT > 50 IU 35 (42.17%)
 AST > 50 IU 45 (55.56%)
 HCT < 35% 38 (47.50%)
 Platelet < 150 × 109/L 30 (36.14%)
 HB < 11.5 g/dL 35 (42.17%)
 WBC < 11 × 109/L 34 (40.96%)
Infecting species  
 Leptospira interrogans 40 (48.19%)
 Leptospira kirschneri 16 (19.28%)
 Leptospira wolffii 1 (1.20%)
  1. SD standard deviation, n total number