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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted binary logistic regression analysis of factors associated with Viral load suppression

From: Viral suppression among HIV-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy in northwestern Nigeria: an eleven-year review of tertiary care centre records, January 2009–December 2019

Variables Viral loads Unadjusted Adjusted
Suppressed (n = 751, %) Unsuppressed (n = 80, %) OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI P
Agea
 18 to 35 258 (34.4) 29 (36.3) 1 0.606, 1.777 0.133 1 0.583, 1.906 0.861
 36 to 45 277(36.9) 30 (37.5) 1.038 1.054
 46 and older 216 (28.8) 21 (26.3) 1.156 0.641, 2.086 0.207 1.116 0.534, 2.332 0.771
Gender
 Male 233 (31.0) 20 (25.0) 1 0.437, 1.258 0.267 1 0.358, 1.325 0.264
 Female 518 (69.0) 60 (75.0) 0.741 0.689
Occupation
 Employed 91 (12.1) 30 (37.5) 1 2.632, 7.196  < 0.001 1 2.771, 8.539  < 0.001
 Unemployed 660 (87.9) 50 (62.5) 4.352 4.864
Educational status
 No formal education 13 (1.7) 3 (3.8) 1 0.617, 7.932 0.223 1 1.098, 16.223 0.036
 Formal education 738 (98.3) 77 (96.3) 2.212 4.221
Marital status
 Unmarried 159 (21.2) 19 (23.8) 1 0.673, 1.998 0.593
 Married 592 (78.8) 61 (76.3) 1.160
BMI categories ≠ 
 18.5 to 24.9 289 (38.5) 39 (48.8) 1 1.032, 3.969 0.040 1.839 0.908, 3.726 0.091
  < 18.5 180 (24.0) 12 (15.0) 2.024
 25 to 29.9 197 (26.2) 20 (25.0) 1.329 0.753, 2.347 0.327 1.385 0.748, 2.565 0.300
 30 and above 85 (11.3) 9 (11.3) 1.275 0.594, 2.736 0.534 1.283 0.565, 2.917 0.551
Locationc
  < 100 km 692 (92.1) 76 (95.0) 1 0.573, 4.583 0.363
  ≥ 100 km 59 (7.9) 4 (5.0) 1.620
  1. Variables included in the adjusted odds ratio were age, sex, occupation, educational status, BMI categories, baseline CD4 count, duration on HAART, and HAART regimens
  2. aAge at the commencement of Anti-retroviral therapy; HAART-Highly active anti-retroviral therapy, Reg-regimen; BMI-Body mass index; CDC classification. cLocation of participants from FMC Katsina