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Table 1 Comparison between the deaths and survivors for charcteristics at first consultation in the ER and ward

From: Bacteriology and mortality of necrotizing fasciitis in a tertiary coastal hospital with comparing risk indicators of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio vulnificus infections: a prospective study

   Deaths Survivors  
   N = 20 N = 164 P value
Age (years) Mean 66.6 66.1 0.55
Gender (%)     
 Male   9 (45) 111 (67.7)  
 Female   11 (55) 53 (32.3)  
Interval from contact or injury to presentation at ER (days) Mean 2.2 3.4 0.32
Interval from diagnosis at ER to first operation (hours) Mean 4.3 5.8 0.22
Underlying chronic disease (%)     
 Hepatic dysfunction and DM   8 (40) 30 (18.3) 0.037*
 Hepatic dysfunction alone   7 (35) 48 (29.3) 0.61
 Diabetes Mellitus alone or with others   1 (5) 35 (21.3) 0.13
 Chronic renal insufficiency   1 (5) 8 (4.9)  
 Heart disease   2 (10) 19 (11.6)  
 Cancer   1 (5) 8 (4.9)  
 Gout   0 4 (2.4)  
 Nil   0 12 (7.3)  
Wound location (%)     0.47
 Upper extremity   10 (50) 93 (56.7)  
 Lower extremity   10 (50) 61 (43.3)  
First operation     0.29
 Fasciotomy   19 (95) 162 (98.7)  
 Amputation   1 (5) 2 (1.3)  
Final operation after first fasciotomy (%)   19 162  
 Amputation   2 (10.5) 8 (4.9)  
 Split-thickness skin graft   0 80 (49.4)  
 Flap   0 6 (3.7)  
 Debridement   8 (42.1) 46 (28.4)  
 Without secondary operation   9 (47.4) 22 (13.6)  
Hospital days Mean 34.25 35.21 0.08
  1. Hepatic dysfunction included liver cirrhosis, hepatitis B or C, hepatocellular carcinoma, and alcoholic liver disease
  2. *Mean p < 0.05 and the difference was significant