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Table 5 Results of multivariable logistic regression analysis with multiple imputation for all-cause in-hospital mortality in patients with NTM pulmonary disease who required unscheduled hospitalization

From: Factors affecting in-hospital mortality of non-tuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease

  OR 95% CI P-value
Sex
 Male 1.89 (1.70–2.10) < 0.001
Age, years
  < 70 reference   
 70–79 1.12 (0.98–1.29) 0.11
  ≥ 80 1.04 (0.90–1.20) 0.56
BMI, kg/m2
  < 15.0 3.15 (2.74–3.62) < 0.001
 15.0–15.9 2.15 (1.81–2.54) < 0.001
 16.0–16.9 1.57 (1.31–1.87) < 0.001
 17.0–18.4 1.31 (1.13–1.52) < 0.001
 18.5–24.9 reference   
  ≥ 25.0 0.83 (0.58–1.18) 0.30
Activities of daily living, Barthel index
 100  reference   
 75–95 1.45 (1.19–1.78) < 0.001
 50–70 2.58 (2.18–3.06) < 0.001
 25–45 3.74 (3.07–4.55) < 0.001
 0–20 7.72 (6.68–8.92) < 0.001
Smoking history
 Yes 0.89 (0.78–1.01) 0.077
Symptom
 Hemoptysis 1.21 (1.07–1.37) 0.002
Comorbidity
 Pulmonary disease    
  Pulmonary infection 1.70 (1.54–1.87) < 0.001
  Pulmonary aspergillosis 1.65 (1.39–1.96) < 0.001
  COPD 0.96 (0.83–1.12) 0.63
  Bronchial asthma 0.81 (0.68–0.98) 0.027
  Interstitial lung disease 2.77 (2.37–3.24) < 0.001
  Pneumothorax 1.40 (1.14–1.73) 0.001
 Non-pulmonary disease
 Congestive heart failure 1.62 (1.43–1.83) < 0.001
 Ischemic heart disease 0.79 (0.66–0.95) 0.011
 Cerebrovascular disease 0.75 (0.63–0.88) 0.001
 Renal disease 1.46 (1.21–1.76) < 0.001
 Autoimmune disease 0.85 (0.72–1.01) 0.072
 Diabetes mellitus 1.03 (0.90–1.18) 0.65
 Bone fracture 0.49 (0.39–0.61) < 0.001
 Malignant disease 2.07 (1.79–2.39) < 0.001