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Table 4 Distribution of COVID-19 outcomes according to the individual variables selected

From: Factors associated with death in confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the state of Rio de Janeiro

Variables Death Non-death Statistic parameter P-value
n % n % Chi-square
Age group 40,056 0.000
 0–9 years 60 0,3% 5045 2.2%
 10–19 years 34 0,2% 7444 3.3%
 20–29 years 210 1,2% 30,216 13.4%
 30–39 years 603 3,3% 53,051 23.5%
 40–49 years 1400 7,7% 50,513 22.4%
 50–59 years 2526 14,0% 38,203 16.9%
 60–69 years 4154 23,0% 22,880 10.1%
 70–79 years 4425 24,5% 10,848 4.8%
 80 years or older 4622 25,6% 6190 2.7%
Sex 521 0.000
 Female 8003 44,3% 119,674 53.1%
 Male 10,073 55,7% 105,759 46.9%
Race/color 794 0.000
 Brown 4480 24,8% 75,682 33.6%
 Asian 182 1,0% 11,693 5.2%
 White 5041 27,9% 74,454 33.0%
 Indigenous 11 0,1% 480 0.2%
 Black 1479 8,2% 14,323 6.4%
 Missing 6883 38,08% 48,801 21.6%
Presence of signs and symptoms
 Fever 8723 48,3% 84,379 37.4% 830 0.000
 Cough 8908 49,3% 99,526 44.1% 178 0.000
 Headache 503 2,8% 32,517 14.4% 1934 0.000
 Sneezing 10 0,1% 1626 0.7% 110 0.000
 Odynophagia 1560 8,6% 41,237 18.3% 1078 0.000
 Dyspnea 10,204 56,5% 42,172 18.7% 14,118 0.000
 Runny nose 233 1,3% 17,906 7.9% 1074 0.000
 Diarrhea 143 0,8% 12,658 5.6% 781 0.000
 Muscle pain 803 4,4% 22,212 9.9% 571 0.000
 Loss of smell 194 1,1% 21,570 9.6% 1483 0.000
 Loss of taste 99 0,5% 15,379 6.8% 1106 0.000
Presence of comorbidities
 Cardiovascular disease 6163 34,1% 19,682 8.7% 21,646 0.000
 Diabetes mellitus 4341 24,0% 11,159 5.0% 26,588 0.000
 Chronic kidney disease 923 5,1% 1280 0.6% 11,461 0.000
 Chronic respiratory disease 845 4,7% 5473 2.4% 346 0.000
 Immunodeficiency/ immunosuppression 464 2,6% 2063 0.9% 2153 0.000
Total 18,076 7,4% 225,433 92.6%
  1. Note: confirmed cases of COVID-19, state of Rio de Janeiro, March–September 2020