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Table 1 Reported population-based prevalence of gonorrhoea in women and men by WHO region and country

From: Gonorrhoea: a systematic review of prevalence reporting globally

WHO region Country No. of data points Reference Years reported Study populationa Study setting Sampling No. tested Reported prevalence Standardized prevalence
WOMEN
 Africa Benin 1 Behanzin et al. [13] 2008 Community, Women Households Cluster random 1241 0.60% 0.62%
Malawi 1 Paz-Soldan et al. [14] 2000 Community, Women Households Multistage cluster random 758 3.60% 4.13%
South Africa 1 Francis et al. [15] 2016–2017 Community, Women Annual household survey Stratified random 259 1.80% 1.14%
 Americas (excluding high-income North America) Brazil 1 de Lima et al. [16] 2007–2009 Community, Sexually active, Women Household-based recruitment Simple random 574 0.70% 0.72%
Perub 1 Carcamo et al. [17] 2002 Community, Women Household survey Cluster random 6439 0.10% 0.00%
 Europe UKb 1 Sonnenberg et al. [18] 2010–2012 Community, Women Natsal-3 respondents Probability 2665 <0.1% 0.10%
 High-income North America USAb 1 Torrone et al. [19] 1999–2008 Community, Women Household surveys Multistage probability ·· 0.34%c 0.37%c
 Western Pacific China 2 Huai et al. [20] 2016 Community, Women General population Multistage probability 3581 0.14% 0.14%
   Luo et al. [21] 2017 Community, Women Community-based recruitment Probability 9207 0.17% 0.18%
New Caledonia (France)b 1 Corsenac et al. [22] 2012 Community, Women Primary care and public dispensaries Multistage random 376 3.47% 3.99%
MEN
 Africa Benin 1 Behanzin et al. [13] 2008 Community, Sexually active, Men Households Cluster random 1040 0.30% 0.23%
Malawi 1 Paz-Soldan et al. [14] 2000 Clinic attendees, Men Households Cluster random 469 6.20% 7.94%
South Africa 1 Francis et al. [15] 2016–2017 Community, Men Annual household survey Stratified random 188 1.50% 1.82%
 Americas (excluding high-income North America) Perub 1 Carcamo et al. [17] 2002 Community, Men Household survey Cluster random 7486 0.12% 0.02%
 Europe UKb 1 Sonnenberg et al. [18] 2010–2012 Community, Men Natsal-3 respondents Probability 1885 <0.1% <0.1%
 High-income North America USAb 1 Torrone et al. [19] 1999–2008 Community, men Household surveys Multistage probability ·· ·· (0.27% for men and women combined)c ·· (0.27% for men and women combined)c
 Western Pacific China 1 Huai et al. [20] 2016 Community, Men General population Multistage probability 3622 0.03% 0.00%
New Caledonia (France)b 1 Corsenac et al. [22] 2012 Clinic attendees, Men Primary care and public dispensaries Multistage random 232 3.45% 4.36%
  1. aTo aid cross-referencing, study populations were categorized to align with SPECTRUM codes [11].
  2. bNationally derived samples.
  3. If the standardized estimate was a negative number, the standardized prevalence was reported at 1 case divided by 100 times the sample size [11].
  4. c15 885 participants aged 14–39 provided a sample. The proportion of men and women participating was not reported separately. The estimate quoted for women (0.34%) is a weighted estimate. The estimate quoted for men is that for both men and women (0.27%) as men were not reported separately. This estimate was not standardized.
  5. ··=Not reported. No.=number. UK=United Kingdom. USA=Unites States of America. WHO=World Health Organization.