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Table 4 Echocardiographic parameters of HIV-positive compared to HIV-negative patients

From: The 12-month period prevalence and cardiac manifestations of HIV in patients with acute coronary syndrome at a tertiary hospital in Cape Town, South Africa: a retrospective cross-sectional study

Variable, mean (SD) except where specified HIV+ HIV- p-value
LA diameter (mm) (n = 48) 3.47 (0.52) 3.84 (0.67) 0.124
LA area (cm2) (n = 73) 17.89 (4.28) 19.58 (4.80) 0.219
LVIDs (mm) (n = 73) 3.37 (0.54) 3.96 (0.90) 0.019
LVIDd (mm) (n = 77) 4.72 (0.49) 5.11 (0.83) 0.083
Ejection fraction (%) (n = 86) 45.4% (11.56) 44.3% (12.46) 0.758
E/e’ (n = 69) 12.18 (5.06) 14.06 (8.22) 0.4171
Effusion: n (%) (n = 77) 2 (13.3%) 7 (11.3%) 1
  1. Bolded text = statistically significant. SD standard deviation, LA left atrium, LVIDs left ventricular internal diameter end-systole, LVIDd left ventricular internal dimension end-diastole, E/e’ ratio between early mitral inflow velocity and mitral annular early diastolic velocity