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Table 3 Logistic regression model of nutrition status in older PLWH (N = 196)

From: Nutritional risk and nutritional status in hospitalized older adults living with HIV in Shenzhen, China: a cross-sectional study

Variables Undernutrition based on BMI criteria Undernutrition based on albumin criteria Undernutrition based on prealbumin criteria
OR (CI) P OR (CI) P OR (CI) P
Male 1.627 (0.189–13.990) 0.657 2.527 (0.355–17.989) 0.355 2.058 (0.354–11.956) 0.421
Age 0.926 (0.828–1.037) 0.183 0.963 (0.863–1.074) 0.497 0.892 (0.800–0.993) 0.038
Married 2.097 (0.239–18.427) 0.504 0.088 (0.005–1.630) 0.103 3.963 (0.444–35.377) 0.218
Secondary school or below 0.148 (0.012–1.750) 0.129 1.675 (0.329–8.535) 0.535 1.906 (0.580–6.261) 0.288
Employed 0.929 (0.121–7.138) 0.943 0.719 (0.132–3.916) 0.703 1.297 (0.459–3.667) 0.624
Year since HIV diagnosis 0.992 (0.524–1.876) 0.979 1.132 (0.607–2.114) 0.696 1.129 (0.765–1.666) 0.542
ART regimen
 TDF-based regimen 0.521 (0.168–1.618) 0.259
 AZT-based regimen 0.416 (0.030–5.696) 0.511
 LPV/r-based regimen 1.401 (0.358–5.483) 0.628
Years of ART use 1.218 (0.558–2.656) 0.077 1.266 (0.601–2.666) 0.534 0.964 (0.626–1.483) 0.867
Comorbidities
 Pneumonia 0.512 (0.087–3.009) 0.459 0.986 (0.161–6.057) 0.988 0.298 (0.054–1.662) 0.168
 Hepatitis 0.130 (0.006–2.629) 0.183 0.041 (0.001–1.392) 0.076 0.691 (0.087–5.151) 0.727
 Tuberculosis 0.031 (0.001–1.274) 0.067 1.803 (0.005–47.014) 0.846
 Diabetes 4.048 (0.241–27.957) 0.331
 Syphilis 0.091 (0.002–4.279) 0.223 1.319 (0.095–18.312) 0.837
Lg (CD4 count) 0.912 (0.170–4.879) 0.914 15.637 (2.742–89.178) 0.002 3.540 (0.851–14.718) 0.082
Lg (RNA) 0.754 (0.306–1.862) 0.541 2.693 (0.722–10.046) 0.140 1.302 (0.638–2.656) 0.469
  1. Model 1 and Model 2: TDF-based regimen, AZT-based regimen, and LPV/r-based regimen were excluded due to few participants in both groups;
  2. Model 3: Tuberculosis and diabetes were excluded due to few participants in both groups;
  3. Model 1: P = 0.997, AIC = 67.941, BIC = 107.278; Model 2: P = 0.496, AIC = 151.766, BIC = 197.670; Model 3: P = 0.943, AIC = 152.969, BIC = 202.141