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Table 1 Summary of reported cases with HIV-infection and cytomegalovirus-associated frosted branch angiitis

From: Frosted branch angiitis due to cytomegalovirus-associated unmasking immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome: a case report and literature review

Case Age (years) Gender CD4 cell count(/μl) Eyes with FBA Duration post-ART ART Outcome Treatment
Mansour AM et al. 1993 [7] 27 M NM Left NM NM R Gancyclovir
39 M NM Right NM NM R Gancyclovir
24 M NM Left NM NM NM Gancyclovir
35 M NM Left NM NM R Gancyclovir
35 M NM Both NM NM R Introvenous gancyclovir
32 M NM Both NM NM R Gancyclovir
R F Spaide et al. 1992 [8] 36 M 10 Both NM NM R Introvenous gancyclovir
50 M 10 Both NM NM R + retinal detachment Gancyclovir, vitrectomy,intravenous foscarnet
28 M 20 Right NM NM R Intravenous foscarnet
Mehmet Numan Alp et al. 2010 [10] 36 F From 9 to 20 Both 6 m Y
NDR
R +retinal detachment Introvenous gancyclovir,
Periocular and topical steroids,
ART continuation
Aguilar Lozano et al. 2016 [11] 41 M 31 Left 8 m Y
DR
NM Introvenous gancyclovir, ART adjustment
Supinda Leeam-ornsiri et al. 2013 [12] 40 F From 53 to 107 Right 1 W Y
NDR
R Intravitreal ganciclovir injections,
Oral prednisone
ART continuation
H F Fine et al. 2001 [13] 7 M 30 Both NM NM R Introvenous gancyclovir and foscarnet,
Oral prednisone
Biswas et al. 1999 [14] 39 M 69 Both 5 m Y
DR
R +retinal detachment Introvenous gancyclovir,
Vitrectomy,
Intravitreal injections of gancyclovir
S A Geier et al. 1992 [15] 49 M NM Right NM NM R Introvenous gancyclovir,
Oral fluocortolone
Feifei Mao et al. 2016 [16] 26 M 11 Right 3 W Y
NDR
R Oral prednisone,intravitreal foscarnet injections,
ART continuation
Our patient 27 M From 33 to 172 Left 5 W Y
NDR
R Intravitreal ganciclovir injection,
Introvenous gancyclovir,intravenous foscarnet
ART continuation
  1. M male, F female, NM not mentioned or not done, DR drug resistance of ART, NDR non-drug resistance of ART, R regression of FBA, Y yes, FBA frosted branch angiitis, ART Antiretroviral therapy