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Table 1 Univariate analyses of factors associated with C. pelliculosa fungemia

From: Risk factors and biofilm formation analyses of hospital-acquired infection of Candida pelliculosa in a neonatal intensive care unit

Factor Fungemia No fungemia χ2/t/Z P
Sex    0.015 0.904
 Male 13 81   
 Female 8 47   
Age admitted in hospital (day) 1(1,1) 1(1,1) 0.741 0.642
Ward    1.014 0.314
 Neonatal ward 1 9 70   
 Neonatal ward 2 12 58   
Age of the mother (year)    9.826 0.007
  ≥ 35 13 39   
 30–34 7 49   
  ≤ 29 1 40   
Gestational age (WK)    28.837 < 0.001
  ≥ 36 0 27   
 30–35 6 83   
  ≤ 29 15 18   
PBRP    1.961 0.744
 PRM 3 31   
 PHSP 7 35   
 Gestational diabetes 0 3   
 Twins preterm birth 3 11   
 Other 8 48   
Type of delivery    0.121 0.728
 Cesarean 15 96   
 Natural labor 6 32   
Birth weight    35.849 < 0.001
 ELBW (≤1000 g) 8 4   
  VLBW (> 1000 g, ≤1500 g) 11 32   
  LBW (> 1500, ≤2500 g) 1 60   
  NBW (> 2500) 1 32   
Apgar (1 min)    27.137 < 0.001
  ≥ 7 6 105   
  < 7 15 23   
Apgar (5 min)    0.000 1.000
  ≥ 7 21 125   
  < 7 0 3   
Glucose at admitted (mmol/l) 4.076 ± 1.685 3.681 ± 1.175 −1.567 0.119
PICC    71.406 < 0.001
 No 0 111   
 Yes 21 17   
Endotracheal tube    22.252 < 0.001
 No 0 71   
 Yes 21 57   
Nasogastric tube    1.781 0.182
 No 0 16   
 Yes 21 112   
Parenteral nutrition (lipid solution)    8.667 0.003
 No 0 39   
 Yes 21 89   
PCBI    1.454 0.228
 No 20 105   
 Yes 1 23   
BSAU    17.421 < 0.001
 No 0 62   
 Yes 21 66   
TBSA    4.582 0.032
 No 15 116   
 Yes 6 12   
Surgical procedure    0.000 1.000
 No 20 121   
 Yes 1 7   
Time hospitalization 59.790 ± 21.423 25.190 ± 16.185 −10.146 < 0.001
  1. PBRP premature birth related problems, PRM Premature rupture of membranes, PHSP pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome or preeclampsia, ELBW extremely low birth weight, VLBW very low birth weight, LBW low birth weight, NBW normal birth weight, PICC peripherally inserted central catheter, PCBI previous or concomitant bacteremic infection, BSAU broad-spectrum antibiotics use before fungemia, TBSA three or more broad-spectrum antimicrobials