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Table 3 Association of variables with colonization by ESBL producers

From: Colonization with selected antibiotic resistant bacteria among a cohort of Sri Lankan university students

Variables Number of participants (n = 322) Significance*
Participants colonized with ESBL Participants not colonized ESBL
Sex Male (n = 156) 24 (15.4%) 132 (84.6%) 0.52*
Female (n = 166) 21 (12.7%) 145 (87.3%)
Faculty Health Science related (n = 210) 31 (14.8%) 179 (85.2%) 0.35*
None Health related (n = 112) 14 (12.5%) 98 (87.5%)
Antibiotic intake Yes (n = 136) 23 (17.3%) 110 (82.7%) 0.19*
No (n = 186) 22 (11.6%) 167 (88.4%)
Chronic diseases Yes (n = 15) 5 (33.3%) 10 (66.7%) 0.04^
No (n = 307) 40 (13.0%) 267 (87.0%)
Residence Residents (n = 225) 30 (13.3%) 195 (86.7%) 0.72*
Non-residents (n = 97) 15 (15.5%) 82 (84.5%)
  1. *p value calculated using the Chi-square test
  2. ^p value calculated using Fisher’s Exact test