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Table 6 Factors associated with antibiotic resistance in univariate and multivariate analyses

From: Antibiotic resistance among the Lahu hill tribe people, northern Thailand: a cross-sectional study

Factors Drug-resistance No drug-resistance Univariate analyses Multivariate analyses
n % n % OR 95% CI p-value AOR 95% CI p-value
Total 30 12.5 210 87.5       
Age (years)
  < 60 20 66.6 172 81.9 1.00      
  ≥ 60 10 33.3 38 18.1 2.26 0.98–5.22 0.056    
Education
 No 18 60.0 92 43.8 1.92 0.88–4.19 0.100    
 Yes 12 40.0 118 56.2 1.00      
Received antibiotic information
 No 8 26.7 54 25.7 1.05 0.44–2.49 0.911    
 Yes 22 73.3 156 74.3 1.00      
Knowledge on infectious diseases
 Poor 6 20.0 35 16.7 1.25 0.48–3.28 0.651    
 Good 24 80.0 175 83.3 1.00      
Knowledge regarding antibiotic use
 Poor 25 83.3 134 63.81 2.80 1.04–7.71 0.041* 2.56 1.09–5.32 0.048*
 Good 5 16.7 76 36.2 1.00    1.00   
Attitudes regarding antibiotic use
 Poor 19 63.3 104 49.5 1.76 0.80–3.88 0.161    
 Good 11 36.7 106 50.5 1.00      
Behavior regarding antibiotic use
 Poor 24 80.0 131 62.4 2.41 1.02–6.16 0.046* 1.79 1.06–4.80 0.041*
 Good 6 20.0 79 37.6 1.00    1.00   
Frequency of antibiotic use last 12 month (time)
 1 22 73.3 131 62.4 1.00      
  ≥ 2 8 26.7 79 37.6 0.60 0.25–1.41 0.24    
  1. * Significant level at α = 0.05