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Table 1 Clinical Characteristics of pediatric patients infected with Covid-19, Influenza A and Influenza B

From: Comparative study of hospitalized children with acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by SARS-CoV-2 and influenza virus

  Covid-19 (N = 248) Influenza A (N = 188) Influenza B (N = 149) P Value
Age 6.96 (2–10.81) 2.67 (1.03–5.25) 3.67 (1.62–5.54) < 0.0001
Sex Male 152 (61.29%) 119 (63.30) 88 (59.06%) 0.730
  Female 96 (38.71%) 69 (36.70%) 61 (40.94%)
Signs and Symptoms
 Temperature     < 0.0001
   < 37.3 °C 162 (65.32%) 56 (29.79%) 38 (25.50%)
   37.3 °C–38.5 °C 56 (22.58%) 50 (26.60%) 46 (30.87%)
   38.5 °C–39.0 °C 10 (4.03%) 14 (7.45%) 14 (9.40%)
    > 39.0 °C 20 (8.06%) 68 (36.17%) 51 (34.23%)
Cough 79 (31.85%) 146 (77.66%) 116 (77.85%) < 0.0001
Diarrhea 7 (2.82%) 24 (12.77%) 5 (3.36%) 0.0001
Chills 2 (0.81%) 40 (21.28%) 24 (16.11%) 0.0024
Fatigue 3 (1.21%) 3 (1.60%) 1 (0.67%) 0.740
Vomit 7 (2.82%) 39 (20.74%) 25 (16.78%) < 0.0001
Nasal congestion and Rhinorrhea 8 (3.23%) 57 (30.32%) 35 (23.49%) < 0.0001
Muscle soreness 2 (0.81%) 1 (0.53%) 0 0.7359
Headache 2 (0.81%) 6 (3.19%) 4 (2.68%) 0.3128
Sneeze 2 (0.81%) 23 (12.23%) 10 (6.71%) < 0.0001
Sore throat 3 (1.21%) 2 (1.06%) 2 (1.34%) 0.7502
Tachypnea 2 (0.81%) 6 (3.19%) 5 (3.36%) 0.004
abdominal pain 4 (1.61%) 10 (5.32%) 9 (6.04%) 0.1052
Rash 1 (0.40%) 5 (2.66%) 3 (2.01%) 0.0928
Poor spirits 4 (1.61%) 6 (3.19%) 10 (6.71%) < 0.0001
Dyspnea 1 (0.40%) 5 (2.66%) 1 (0.67%) 0.0181
Asthma 1 (0.40%) 28 (14.89%) 16 (7.69%) < 0.0001
Phlegm 1 (0.40%) 24 (12.77%) 24 (16.11%) < 0.0001
Type of Severity of Illness
 Asymptomatic 72 (29.13%)    < 0.0001
 Mild and Moderate cases 172 (69.36%) 171 (90.96%) 141 (94.63%)
 Severe cases 4 (1.61%) 17 (9.04%) 8 (5.37%)
Days from illness onset to hospitalization (days) 5 (3–8) 4 (2–8) 4 (2.5–7) 0.0781
Days from hospitalization to Discharge (days) 11 (8–15) 4 (3–6) 5 (3–6) < 0.0001
Family member infection
 no 56 (22.58%)    
 yes 192 (77.42%)