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Table 1 Comparison of characteristics of ASP between small/middle-sized hospitals and large hospitals

From: Nationwide cross-sectional study of antimicrobial stewardship and antifungal stewardship programs in inpatient settings in Japan

  Total n = 39 Small/middle hospitals
(≤ 500 beds)
n = 21
Large hospitals
(≥ 501 beds)
n = 18
OR 95% CI p value
Number of beds
 100 ≤ beds 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)    
 101 to 200 beds 3 (7.7) 3 (14.3) 0 (0.0)    
 201 to 500 beds 18 (46.2) 18 (85.7) 0 (0.0)    
501 beds 18 (46.2) 0 (0.0) 18 (100.0)    
Department
 AST 27 (67.5) 15 (71.4) 12 (66.7) 1.25 0.32–4.88 1.00
 ICT 23 (57.5) 13 (61.9) 10 (55.6) 1.3 0.36–4.68 0.75
 Department of infectious disease 11 (27.5) 2 (9.5) 9 (50.0) 0.11 0.019–0.59 0.011
Microbiology laboratory
 In house 29 (74.4) 13 (61.9) 16 (88.9) 0.2 0.037–1.13 0.07
 Partially in house 10 (25.6) 8 (38.1) 2 (11.1) 4.92 0.88–27.32 0.07
Number of staffs in AST
 Medical doctors 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–5)    0.39
  Infectious disease specialists 1 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 1 (0.8–2)    0.035
 Nurses 1 (1, 2) 1 (1, 2) 1 (1, 2)    0.55
  Infection control nurses 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1, 2)    0.25
 Pharmacists 2 (1, 2) 2 (1–3) 2 (1, 2)    0.77
  Infectious disease chemotherapy pharmacists 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 0.5 (0–1)    0.53
Clinical microbiologists 1 (1, 2) 1 (1, 2) 1 (1, 2)    0.69
Officers 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1)    0.81
  1. Unless otherwise stated, data are presented as n (%)
  2. Continuous variable data are presented as median (IQR)
  3. ASP antimicrobial stewardship program, AST Antimicrobial stewardship, ICT infection control team, IQR interquartile range, OR odds ratio, CI confidential interval