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Table 5 Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of most common bacterial pathogens

From: Improved detection of microbiological pathogens: role of partner and non-governmental organizations

Proportion of resistant bacterial species [n (%)]
  Blood   Urine  
  S. aureus (n = 22) Klebsiella spp. (n = 14) Salmonella spp. (n = 13) E. coli (n = 9) p-value E. coli (n = 153) Klebsiella spp. (n = 73) Staphylococcus spp. (n = 41) Citrobacter spp. (n = 25) Pseudomonas spp. (n = 21) Proteus spp. (n = 15) p-value
AMP 4 (18.2) 6 (42.9) 5 (38.5) 2 (22.2) 0.348 52 (34.0) 18 (24.7) 4 (9.8) 8 (32.0) 1 (6.7) 0.006
AMC 1 (4.5) 1 (7.1) 0 0 0.696 16 (10.5) 7 (9.6) 3 (7.3) 7 (28.0) 3 (14.3) 1 (6.7) 0.084
CRO 2 (9.1) 4 (28.6) 2 (15.4) 3 (33.3) 0.314 49 (32.0) 23 (31.5) 8 (19.5) 9 (36.0) 7 (33.3) 5 (33.3) 0.671
CXM 2 (14.3) 5 (38.5) 0 0.074 41 (26.8) 17 (23.3) 2 (4.9) 5 (20.0) 6 (28.6) 4 (26.7) 0.042
AZM 2 (9.1) 0 1 (7.7) 0.607 15 (9.8) 3 (4.1) 5 (12.2) 1 (4.0) 1 (6.7) 0.460
MEM 0 0 0 0 2 (9.5) 0 0.008
SXT 0 1 (7.1) 0 0 0.621 8 (5.2) 6 (8.2) 3 (7.3) 2 (8.0) 2 (9.5) 0 0.779
CIP 6 (27.3) 2 (14.3) 5 (38.5) 4 (44.4) 0.360 60 (39.2) 22 (30.1) 16 (39.0) 13 (52.0) 4 (19.0) 6 (40.0) 0.200
GEN 12 (54.5) 5 (35.7) 3 (23.1) 4 (44.4) 0.314 42 (27.5) 23 (31.5) 12 (29.3) 9 (36.0) 4 (19.0) 4 (26.7) 0.849
TET 6 (27.3) 1 (7.1) 1 (7.7) 0.219 23 (15.0) 12 (16.4) 3 (7.3) 1 (4.0) 1 (4.8) 0.293
C 2 (9.1) 0 0 0 0.641 4 (2.6) 2 (2.7) 3 (7.3) 0 1 (4.8) 0.437
CAZ 1 (7.1) 4 (2.6) 4 (5.5) 0 1 (4.8) 3 (20.0) 0.026
CTX 2 (9.1) 3 (21.4) 1 (7.7) 3 (33.3) 0.302 33 (21.6) 29 (39.7) 9 (22.0) 4 (16.0) 11 (52.4) 7 (46.7) 0.002
NAL 1 (7.1) 2 (22.2) 0.538 42 (27.5) 16 (21.9) 4 (16.0) 8 (38.1) 7 (46.7) 0.159
ERY 0 8 (19.5)
PEN
CLI 2 (9.1) 3 (7.3)
AMK 0 1 (7.1) 3 (23.1) 1(11.1) 0.071 23 (15.0) 13 (17.8) 6 (14.6) 5 (20.0) 2 (9.5) 0 0.550
  1. AMP - ampicillin, AMC - amoxicillin & clavulanic acid, CRO - ceftriaxone, CXM - cefuroxime, AZM - azithromycin, AMK - amikacin, MEM - meropenem, SXT - trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, CIP - ciprofloxacin, GEN - gentamicin, TET - tetracycline, C - chloramphenicol, CAZ - ceftazidime, CTX - cefotaxime and NAL - nalidixic acid, ERY - erythromycin, penicillin and CLI - clindamycin