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Table 1 Characteristics of participants enrolled in the study

From: Risk factors for mortality among patients diagnosed with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in Uganda- a case-control study

Characteristics Total Cases (n = 66)
n (%)
Controls (n = 132)
n (%)
P-Value§
Sex 0.98
 Male 120 (60.6) 40 (60.6) 80 (60.6)
 Female 78 (39.4) 26 (39.4) 52 (39.4)
Age 0.09
 0–18 9 (4.6) 1 (1.52) 8 (6.1)
 19–34 91 (46.0) 32 (48.5) 59 (44.7)
 35–49 74 (37.4) 21 (31.8) 53 (40.2)
 50+ 24 (12.0) 12 (18.2) 12 (9.1)
Education 0.02
 None 56 (28.3) 24 (36.4) 32 (24.2)
 Primary 78 (39.4) 28 (42.4) 50 (37.9)
 Secondary & above 64 (32.3) 14 (21.2) 50 (37.9)
Occupation 0.51
 Unskilled work 166 (83.8) 57 (86.4) 109 (82.6)
 Skilled work 32 (16.2) 9 (13.6) 23 (17.4)
Previous history of TB¶ 0.80
 Yes 108 (55.1) 35 (53.8) 73 (55.7)
 No 88 (44.9) 30 (46.2) 58 (44.3)
HIV Status¶ 0.04
 Positive 118 (59.6) 45 (70.3) 73 (55.3)
 Negative 78 (40.4) 19 (29.7) 59 (44.7)
CD4 Count¶ 0.48
 < 200 28 (71.8) 11 (78.6) 17 (68.0)
 ≥ 200 11 (28.2) 3 (21.4) 8 (32.0)
Adherence to ART 0.99
 Good 195 (98.5) 65 (98.5) 130 (98.5)
 Poor 3 (1.5) 1 (1.5) 2 (1.5)
Documented medical complicationb
 Yes 102 (51.5) 39 (59.1) 63 (47.7) 0.03
 No 96 (48.5) 27 (40.9) 69 (52.3)  
Missed DR-TB dosesa
 Yes 126 (63.6) 38 (57.6) 88 (66.7) 0.01
 No 72 (36.4) 28 (42.4) 44 (33.3)  
Type of health facility for follow-up care
 MDR-TB treatment site 111 (56.1) 27 (40.9) 84 (63.6)  
 Primary care health facility 87 (43.9) 39 (59.1) 48 (36.4) 0.71
  1. ¶Missing data; Previous history of TB (cases = 1, control = 1), HIV status (cases = 2, control = 0), baseline CD4 count (cases = 31, controls = 38) §McNemar Chi-square P-value comparing cases and controls
  2. amissed DR-TB doses were assessed by checking the client’s DR-TB treatment card held filled at the DOT facility.
  3. bThe commonest medical complications were anaemia, malnutrition and respiratory distress