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Table 1 Evaluation of the GI-EB Screening assay (Seegene) in travellers with and without traveller’s diarrhoea (TD)

From: A comparison of two multiplex-PCR assays for the diagnosis of traveller’s diarrhoea

Pathogen Total (n = 91) [n (%)] Cases (travellers with TD, n = 61) [n (%)] Controls (travellers without TD, n = 30) [n (%)] OR (95%CI) p-value AF (95%CI)
Escherichia coli O157 13 (14.3%) 8 (13%) 5 (17%) 0.8 (0.2–2.5) 0.65 0 (0–7.8)
Shiga-toxin producing E. coli 9 (9.9%) 4 (7%) 5 (17%) 0.4 (0.1–1.4) 0.15 0 (0–2.0)
Shigella spp./Enteroinvasive E. coli 5 (5.5%) 4 (7%) 1 (3%) 2 (0.2–10) 1 3.5 (0–6.3)
Yersinia enterocolitica 5 (5.5%) 3 (5%) 2 (7%) 0.7 (0.1–5) 1 0 (0–4)
Salmonella spp. 3 (3.3%) 3 (5%) 0 (0%) 0 (0–NaN) 0.55 NA
Clostridioides difficile toxin A/B 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) NA NA NA
Campylobacter spp. 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) NA NA NA
  1. Note: NA (not applicable), NaN (not a number), AF (attributable fraction), OR (Odds ratio), TD (Traveller’s diarrhoea), 95%CI (95% confidence interval)
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