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Table 1 Characteristics of leprosy cases evaluated for physical disabilities. The 100 Million Brazilian Cohort, 2007–2014

From: Physical disabilities caused by leprosy in 100 million cohort in Brazil

Variables Physical Disabilities Total
Grade 0 Grade 1 Grade 2
(N = 15,095) (N = 5,026) (N = 1,444)
n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%)
Individual characteristics
 Age (Mean [SD]) 34.9 (19.2) 43.4 (18.6) 45.7 (19.0) 37.6 (19.5)
Sex
 Male 6,984 (46.3) 2,915 (58.0) 965 (66.8) 10,864 (50.4)
 Female 8,111 (53.7) 2,111 (42.0) 479 (33.2) 10,701 (49.6)
Ethnicity
 White 2,645 (17.9) 1,076 (21.8) 330 (23.2) 4,051 (19.2)
 Black 1,178 (8.0) 412 (8.4) 132 (9.3) 1,722 (8.1)
 Asian 49 (0.3) 19 (0.4) 1 (0.1) 69 (0.3)
 Mixed (brown) 10,879 (73.5) 3,406 (69.0) 956 (67.3) 15,241 (72.1)
 Indigenous 48 (0.3) 20 (0.4) 1 (0.1) 69 (0.3)
 Ignored/Missing     455 (0.02)a
Literacy
 Yes 12,182 (81.5) 3,714 (74.6) 1,028 (71.6) 16,924 (79.3)
 No 2,760 (18.5) 1,262 (25.4) 407 (28.4) 4,429 (20.7)
 Ignored/Missing     234 (0.01)a
Schooling
 No education/Pre-school 2,266 (17.0) 1,060 (23.3) 362 (26.8) 3,688 (19.2)
 Primary School (1–5 years) 5,346 (40.1) 2,034 (44.6) 595 (44.1) 7,975 (41.5)
 High School (6–9 years) 3,981 (29.9) 1,101 (24.1) 302 (22.4) 5,384 (28.0)
 Senior High School (10–12 years) 1,677 (12.6) 350 (7.7) 89 (6.6) 2,116 (11.0)
 Higher Education (≥12 years) 48 (0.4) 14 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 64 (0.3)
 Ignored/Missing     2,566 (0.1)a
Work condition
 Employed 6,801 (50.6) 2,073 (46.1) 562 (44.2) 9,436 (49.1)
 Unemployed 3,211 (23.9) 1,309 (29.1) 421 (33.1) 4,941 (25.7)
 Unemployed but currently studying 3,434 (25.5) 1,112 (24.8) 288 (22.7) 4,834 (25.2)
 Ignored/Missing     2,615 (0.1)a
Per capita income
 No income 1,682 (11.1) 577 (11.5) 173 (12.0) 2,432 (11.3)
 0–0.25 minimum wage 8,580 (56.8) 2,428 (48.3) 681 (47.2) 11,689 (54.2)
 0.25–0.5 minimum wage 2,440 (16.2) 835 (16.6) 241 (16.7) 3,516 (16.3)
 0.5–1 minimum wage 1,910 (12.7) 961 (19.1) 285 (19.7) 3,156 (14.6)
  > 1 minimum wage 482 (3.2) 225 (4.5) 64 (4.4) 771 (3.6)
 Ignored/Missing     1 (0.0)a
Household characteristics
 Region of residence
  North 3,636 (24.1) 1,164 (23.2) 298 (20.6) 5,098 (23.6)
  Northeast 6,401 (42.4) 1,822 (36.2) 497 (34.4) 8,720 (40.4)
  Southeast 1,966 (13.2) 814 (16.2) 297 (20.6) 3,107 (14.4)
  South 346 (2.3) 202 (4.0) 88 (6.1) 636 (3.0)
  Midwest 2,716 (18.0) 1,024 (20.4) 264 (18.3) 4,004 (18.6)
 Area of residence
  Urban 12,100 (80.2) 3,894 (77.6) 1,128 (78.3) 17,122 (79.5)
  Rural 2,984 (19.8) 1,125 (22.4) 312 (21.7) 4,421 (20.5)
  Ignored/Missing     22 (0.0)a
 Household density
   ≤ 0.5 inhab/room 5,014 (33.7) 2,141 (43.2) 619 (43.7) 7,774 (36.6)
  0.5–0.75 inhab/room 2,802 (18.8) 848 (17.1) 230 (16.2) 3,880 (18.2)
  0.75–1.00 inhab/room 3,320 (22.3) 970 (19.6) 253 (17.8) 4,543 (21.4)
   > 1.00 inhab/room 3,754 (25.2) 995 (20.1) 316 (22.3) 5,065 (23.8)
  Ignored/Missing     338 (0.01)
 Construction material
  Bricks/Cement 10,429 (70.0) 3,347 (67.5) 975 (68.7) 14,751 (69.3)
  Wood/Taipa/Others 4,473 (30.0) 1,610 (32.5) 444 (31.3) 6,527 (30.7)
  Ignored/Missing     318 (0.01)a
 Water supply
  Public network (tap water) 10,171 (68.3) 3,311 (66.8) 978 (68.9) 14,460 (68.0)
  Well/Natural source/Others 4,731 (31.7) 1,646 (33.2) 441 (31.1) 6,818 (32.0)
  Ignored/Missing     318 (0.01)a
 Electricity
  Electricity with counter 13,566 (91.0) 4,468 (90.1) 1,278 (90.1) 19,312 (90.8)
  Electricity without counter 1,336 (9.0) 489 (9.9) 141 (9.9) 1,966 (9.2)
  Ignored/Missing     318 (0.01)a
 Waste disposal system
  Public network/Septic tank 4,823 (32.8) 1,588 (32.6) 506 (36.5) 6,917 (33.0)
  Homemade tank/Ditch/Others 9,864 (67.2) 3,285 (67.4) 879 (63.5) 14,028 (67.0)
  Ignored/Missing     705 (0.03)a
 Garbage disposal
  Public collection system 11,409 (76.6) 3,654 (73.7) 1,070 (75.4) 16,133 (75.8)
  Burned/Buried/Outdoor disposal/Others 3,494 (23.4) 1,303 (26.3) 349 (24.6) 5,146 (24.2)
  Ignored/Missing     317 (0.01)a
 High-burden cluster municipality
  No 5,148 (34.1) 1,987 (39.5) 679 (47.0) 7,814 (36.2)
  Yes 9,947 (65.9) 3,039 (60.5) 765 (53.0) 13,751 (63.8)
Clinical characteristics
 WHO operational classification
  Paucibacillary 7,698 (51.0) 968 (19.3) 128 (8.9) 8,794 (40.8)
  Multibacillary 7,396 (49.0) 4,058 (80.7) 1,316 (91.1) 12,770 (59.2)
  Ignored/Missing     3 (0.0)a
 Presence of lesions
  No 9,123 (60.4) 1,862 (37.0) 432 (29.9) 12,419 (51.9)
  Yes 5,940 (39.4) 3,135 (62.4) 1,004 (69.5) 11,419 (47.8)
  Ignored/Missing 32 (0.2) 29 (0.6) 8 (0.6) 73 (0.3)a
  1. aThe percentage of ignored/missing data refers a part of the total