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Table 1 Characteristics of study population and by self-rated health perception, 2019

From: Self-rated health among people living with HIV in Spain in 2019: a cross-sectional study

Variables Total cases Self-rated health perception
Very good Good Moderate Bad Very bad
n % n % n % n % n % n %
Gender
 Male 591 73.9 141 73.1 263 75.8 116 73.4 51 73.9 20 60.6
 Female 195 24.4 47 24.4 80 23.1 40 25.3 16 23.2 12 36.4
 Transgender 12 1.5 4 2.1 4 1.2 2 1.3 1 1.4 1 3.0
 Unknown 2 0.3 1 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1.4 0 0.0
Age group (years)
  < 35 111 13.9 48 24.9 38 11.0 17 10.8 5 7.2 3 9.1
 35–50 282 35.3 68 35.2 129 37.2 52 32.9 24 34.8 9 27.3
 51–60 299 37.4 55 28.5 133 38.3 69 43.7 27 39.1 15 45.5
  > 60 95 11.9 16 8.3 44 12.7 17 10.8 13 18.8 5 15.2
 Unknown 13 1.6 6 3.1 3 0.9 3 1.9 0 0 1 3.0
Educational level
 Illiteracy 20 2.5 1 0.5 7 2.0 5 3.2 3 4.3 4 12.1
 Primary education 307 38.4 49 25.4 132 38.0 72 45.6 39 56.5 15 45.5
 Secondary education 258 32.2 74 38.3 109 31.4 52 32.9 15 21.7 8 24.2
 University education 180 22.5 62 32.1 88 25.4 22 13.9 7 10.1 1 3.0
 Unknown 35 4.4 7 3.6 11 3.2 7 4.4 5 7.2 5 15.2
Country of birth
 Spain 631 78.9 137 71.0 275 79.3 133 84.2 60 87.0 26 78.8
 Other 164 20.5 56 29.0 67 19.3 25 15.8 9 13.0 7 21.2
 Unknown 5 0.6 0 0 5 1.4 0 0 0 0 0 0.0
Residence
 Living with family 478 59.8 116 60.1 214 61.7 96 60.8 34 49.3 18 54.5
 Living alone 216 27.0 55 28.5 87 25.1 42 26.6 24 34.8 8 24.2
 Closed institutions 17 2.1 1 0.5 5 1.4 7 4.4 3 4.3 1 3.0
 Prisons 9 1.1 1 0.5 4 1.2 1 0.6 3 4.3 0 0.0
 Homeless 5 0.6 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 1.3 1 1.4 2 6.1
 Other 70 8.8 19 9.8 37 10.7 7 4.4 4 5.8 3 9.1
 Unknown 5 0.6 1 0.5 0 0.0 3 1.9 0 0.0 1 3.0
Employment status
 Employed 430 53.8 142 73.6 211 60.8 59 37.3 15 21.7 3 9.1
 Unemployed 139 17.4 23 11.9 42 12.1 39 24.7 19 27.5 16 48.5
 Retired/disabled 184 23.0 19 9.8 67 19.3 56 35.4 29 42.0 13 39.4
 Student 23 2.9 7 3.6 13 3.7 2 1.3 1 1.4 0 0.0
 Other/ unknown 24 3.0 2 1.0 14 4.0 2 1.3 5 7.3 1 3.0
Mode of transmission
 Heterosexuals 246 30.8 65 33.7 106 30.5 41 25.9 22 31.9 12 36.4
 MSM 293 36.6 83 43.0 145 41.8 44 27.8 17 24.6 4 12.1
 PWID 195 24.4 29 15.0 72 20.7 58 36.7 25 36.2 11 33.3
 Other/unknown 66 8.3 16 8.3 24 6.9 15 9.5 5 7.3 6 18.2
Total 800 100 193 100 347 100 158 100 69 100 33 100
  1. MSM Men who have sex with men, PWID People who injected drugs
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