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Table 5 Risk factors for 30-day mortality according to univariate and multivariable Cox proportional hazards analysis

From: Acute cardiovascular events in patients with community acquired pneumonia: results from the observational prospective FADOI-ICECAP study

  Univariate Cox regression analysis Multivariable Cox regression analysis
HR 95%CI p HR 95%CI p
Female gender 1.06 0.76–1.46 0.78    
Multilobar infiltrates 1.25 0.85–1.85 0.458    
Pleural effusion 1.28 0.86–1.89 0.25    
PSI > 130 points (Class V) 3.88 2.30–6.55 0.0001 2.87 1.64–5.02 0.0001
Any in-hospital CV event 1.99 1.36–2.90 0.001 1.69 1.14–2.51 0.009
Newly diagnosed decompensated heart failure 1.62 1.56–2.55 0.039    
New onset AF or flutter 1.04 0.64–1.58 0.99    
CAD 1.02 0.64–1.65 0.9    
COPD 1.04 0.71–1.55 0.84    
Stroke/TIA 1.71 0.74–3.93 0.20    
Arterial Hypertension 0.77 0.54–1.09 0.145    
Cancer 1.69 1.10–2.60 0.019    
Dementia 2.89 1.93–4.31 0.0001 2.41 1.58–3.67 0.0001
Comorbidities > 3 1.74 1.16–2.60 0.011    
Acute Kidney Injury during hospitalisation 2.31 1.53–3.49 0.0001 1.86 1.21–2.87 0.005
CKD 1.84 1.16–2.92 0.013    
  1. AF Atrial fibrillation, CAD Coronary artery disease, COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, TIA Transient ischemic attack, CKD Chronic kidney disease
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