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Table 1 The cause and time of death. Categorization of the causes of death into three admission-time categories - early, intermediate and late death. Specific causes of death are shown below the primary categories

From: The cause of death in bacterial meningitis

Cause and time of death among 84 patientsTotal nEarly time of death 0 to 2 days from admissionIntermediate time of death 3 to 14 days from admissionLate time of death > 14 days from admission
 8418 of 84 (21%)38 of 84 (45%)28 of 84 (33%)
1. CNS complications36 of 84 (43%)8 of 18 (44%)19 of 38 (50%)9 of 28 (32%)
 Brain herniation8620
 Brain infarct6033
 Brain haemorrhage1001
 Intractable seizures6060
 Global brain injury /unresponsive11065
 CNS complications not further specified4220
2. Systemic complications33 of 84 (39%)9 of 18 (50%)13 of 38 (34%)11 of 28 (39%)
 Circulatory failure /septic shock14743
 Respiratory failure7025
 Other organ failure6141
 Systemic complications not futher specified6132
3. Combined CNS and systemic causes3 of 84 (4%)1 of 18 (6%)0 of 38 (0%)2 of 28 (7%)
4. Sudden unexpected death6 of 84 (7%)0 of 18 (0%)3 of 38 (8%)3 of 28 (11%)
5. Withdrawel of care4 of 84 (5%)0 of 18 (0%)2 of 38 (5%)2 of 28 (7%)
6. Unable to determine cause of death2 of 84 (2%)0 of 18 (0%)1 of 38 (3%)1 of 28 (4%)