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Table 4 Comparison of multivariate logistic regression models using complete case and multiple imputation analysis

From: Risk factors for poor treatment outcomes of 2266 multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases in Ho Chi Minh City: a retrospective study

Risk factorsSuccessn (%)Non-success n (%)Complete case analysisaMultiple imputation analysis
aOR95% CIaOR95% CI
Gender: male1231 (75.0%)471 (78.8%)1.550.99–2.421.100.84–1.44
Age ≤ 60 years  0.980.90–1.071.010.96–1.06
Age > 60 years  1.791.26–2.541.451.14–1.79
 For every increase of 5 years of age
Diabetes285 (34.1%)71 (21.3%)0.840.55–1.310.810.61–1.08
HIV positive102 (6.5%)99 (17.9%)3.121.66–5.842.942.07–4.16
History of previous MDR-TB treatment18 (1.2%)38 (7.0%)20.375.52–75.175.532.85–10.72
Low smear gradeb788 (48.9%)259 (44.1%)1.721.00–2.951.471.08–2.00
High smear gradec416 (25.8%)209 (35.6%)2.251.28–3.932.061.49–2.87
AFB positive unknown40 (2.5%)22 (3.7%)2.701.08–6.782.801.47–5.36
BMI < 21  0.820.76–0.890.830.79–0.87
BMI ≥ 21  0.960.81–1.151.060.93–1.2
 For every 1 increase of BMI
  1. a Complete case analysis: non-imputed data
  2. b Low smear grade: scanty or 1+ on AFB smear
  3. c High smear grade: 2+ or 3+ on AFB smear