Skip to main content

Table 2 Factors associated with HBV infection among women attending ANC in PHCs of Gamawa LGA, Bauchi State, Nigeria (N = 210)

From: Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus among antenatal clinic attendees in Gamawa Local Government Area, Bauchi State, Nigeria

Risk factorHepatitis B statusOR (95% CI)
Positive n (%)Negatives n (%)
Age (Years)
 ≤3012 (6.5)174 (93.5)0.8 (0.16–3.61)
 > 302 (8.3)22 (91.7) 
Education
 ≤ Primary12 (6.0)187 (94.0)0.3 (0.06–2.17)
 > Primary2 (18.2)9 (81.8) 
Employment Status
 Employed13 (6.7)181 (93.3)1.1 (0.13–8.81)
 Unemployed1 (6.2)15 (93.8) 
Parity
 Primiparous6 (9.7)56 (90.3)1.9 (0.62–5.65)
 Multiparous8 (5.4)140 (94.6) 
Age at first marriage
< 1812 (6.5)174 (93.5)0.8 (0.16–3.61)
 18 and above2 (8.3)22 (91.7) 
Number of sexual partners
 110 (6.3)148 (93.7)0.8 (0.24–2.70)
 > 14 (7.7)48 (92.3) 
History of blood transfusion
 Yes2 (9.5)19 (90.5)1.6 (0.32–7.46)
 No12 (6.3)177 (93.7) 
History of surgery
 Yes1 (25.0)3 (75.0)4.9 (0.48–50.96)
 No13 (6.3)193 (93.7) 
History of Uvulectomy
 Yes0 (0.0)18 (100.0) 
 No14 (7.3)178 (92.7) 
Local dental procedure
 Yes0 (0.0)4 (100.0) 
 No14 (6.8)192 (93.2) 
Sharing of needles
 Yes0 (0.0)4 (100.0) 
 No14 (6.8)192 (93.2) 
Cupping
 Yes2 (4.1)47 (95.9)0.5 (0.11–2.45)
 No12 (7.5)149 (92.5) 
Scarification
 Yes4 (8.5)43 (91.5)1.4 (0.43–4.76)
 No10 (6.1)153 (93.9) 
Vaccination
 Yes0 (0.0)9 (100.0) 
 No14 (7.0)187 (93.0)