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Table 2 Proportion of Salmonella infection among participants with socio-demographic characteristics and clinical presentations

From: Factors associated with Salmonella infection in patients with gastrointestinal complaints seeking health care at Regional Hospital in Southern Highland of Tanzania

VariablesTotalNumber of PositiveProportion positive (95% CI)P -value
Overall2974916.5 (12.7–21.1) 
Sex
 Male1241612.9 (8.1–19.9)0.158
 Female1733319.1 (13.9–25.6) 
Age group (years)
 1–124848.3 (3.3–19.5)0.615
 13–19581017.2 (9.6–28.9) 
 20–441482818.9 (13.4–26.0) 
  ≥ 4543716.3 (8.1–30.0) 
Occupation
 Employed501530.0 (19.1–43.7)0.005
 Others2473413.8 (10.0–18.7) 
Education
 Informal27518.5 (8.2–36,7)0.767
 Formal2704416.3 (12.4–21.2) 
Marital status
 Married1322518.9 (13.2–26.5)0.311
 Unmarried1652414.5 (10.0–20.7) 
Abdominal Pain
 Yes2314720.3 (15.7–26.0)0.001
 No6623.0 (0.8–10.4) 
Fever
 Yes1452617.9 (12.5–25.0)0.516
 No1522315.1 (10.3–21.7) 
Headache
 Yes1772715.3 (10.7–21.3)0.483
 No1202218.3 (12.4–26.2) 
Diarrhea
 Yes992525. 3 (17.7–34.6)0.004
 No1982412.1 (8.3–17.4) 
Joint pain
 Yes862023.3 (15.6–33.2)0.06
 No2112913.7 (9.7–19.0)