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Table 4 Exposures associated with vaginal colonisation with any potentially pathogenic bacteria of women in labour at three study sites (N = 1472)

From: Vaginal colonisation of women in labour with potentially pathogenic bacteria: a cross sectional study at three primary health care facilities in Central Uganda

CharacteristicsN = 1472 (%)Colonisation
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Age (years)
 20–24587 (39.9)11
  ≤ 19205 (13.9)0.99 (0.71, 1.37)0.97 (0.68, 1.38)
 25–29454 (30.8)1.17 (0.90, 1.51)1.20 (0.91, 1.58)
  ≥ 30226 (15.4)1.20 (0.86, 1.65)1.52 (1.03, 2.23)
Education level
 Tertiary130 (8.8)11
 No education33 (2.2)0.75 (0.35, 1.63)0.88 (0.40, 1.94)
 Primary455 (30.9)1.20 (0.81, 1.79)1.38 (0.91, 2.10)
 Secondary854 (58.0)1.47 (1.01, 2.15)1.64 (1.11, 2.43)
Gravida
 Primigravida442 (30.0)11
 2–4 pregnancies910 (61.8)1.17 (0.92, 1.48)1.06 (0.80, 1.40)
  ≥ 5 pregnancies120 (8.2)0.79 (0.52, 1.19)0.59 (0.35, 0.97)
Hospitalisation during pregnancy
 No1387 (94.2)1
 Yes710 (94.5)0.80 (0.51, 1.25)
Antenatal attendance
 One time75 (5.1)1
 2–4 times1259 (85.5)1.23 (0.77, 1.98)
 5 or more times138 (9.4)1.38 (0.77, 2.47)
Domestic animals at home
 No1355 (92.1)11
 Yes117 (8.0)0.86 (0.58, 1.26)0.80 (0.51, 1.25)
Wealth index
 5th Quintile (least poor)290 (19.7)11
 1st Quintile (poorest)489 (33.2)0.87 (0.64, 1.18)0.81 (0.57, 1.14)
 2nd Quintile100 (6.8)1.17 (0.72, 1.91)1.09 (0.65, 1.83)
 3rd Quintile298 (20.0)0.95 (0.68, 1.34)0.87 (0.60, 1.27)
 4th Quintile295 (20.0)1.09 (0.77, 1.54)1.01 (0.70, 1.46)