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Table 1 Characteristics of the included studies conducted in Ethiopia on patients delay in Tuberculosis diagnosis

From: Patient delay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

First
author (publication year)
Region Data collection period Study population Sample size Prolonged delay classification (days) Response rate Median (IQR) Prolonged delay (%)
Adenager et al. (2017) [28] Addis Ababa April to
June 2012
Both SP and SN PTB patients 422 > 21 99.76% 17 (9–33) 42.1%
Alema et al. (2019) [16] Tigray Nov. 1, 2015 to
Jan.30, 2016
new PTB patients 422 > 30   30 (21–60)  
Asefa et al. (2014) [29] SNNPR June to December 2012 SPPTB patients 328 > 30 NR 30 (20.2–60) NR
Asres et al. (2017) [17] Amhara April 8 to July 7, 2013 All newly diagnosed TB patients 605 > 30 100% 45 (3–425) 53.4%
Asres et al. (2019) [18] SNNPR January
to December 2015
all new SP,
SN and EPTB cases
735 > 25 NR 25 (15–36) NR
Belay et al. (2012) [30] Afar September 2009 and March 2010 TB
patients
216 > 20 78% 20 (8–60) 76%
Bogale et al. (2017) [31] Amhara February to May, 2016 PTB cases 296 NR NR Mean, 33.9(sd = 14) NR
Demissie et al. (2002) [32] Addis Abeba August 1 to December 311,998 Newly PTB patients 700 > 30 NR 60 NR
Fuge et al. (2018) [9] SNNRP May and
September, 2016
TB patients 398 > 21 99.3 30 (5–120)* 58.2%
Gebeyehu et al. (2014) [10] Amhara January to April, 2013 SP, SN and EPTB 376 > 21 NR SP27(10–59)
SN 30 (9–65)
NR
Gebreegziabher et al. (2016) [19] Amhara Oct 2013 to Oct 2014. All new PTB patients 706 > 30 NR 18 (8–34) NR
Getnet et al. (2019) [11] Somali between December 2017 and October 2018 All PTB patients 442 > 30 NR For cases:50 (40–72)
For controls: 20 (14–25)
48.87%
Hussen et al. (2012) [8] Oromiya February
to March 2011
All pulmonary TB patients 129 > 14 96% 63 (14–896)*
* = range
NR
Mekonnen et al. (2014) [22] Amhara 10 March – 08 May 2012 TB patients 315 NR NR 30 (3–270)*
* = range
52.4%
Mesfin et al. (2005) [33] Tigray NR TB patients 237 > 21 NR SPPTB:90
SNPTB:60
EXTB:90
NR
Seid et al. (2018) [34] Amhara April1, 2016 to January 30, 2017 TB patients 382 > 30 NR 30 (15–60) 41%
Shiferaw et al. (2019) [35] Amhara 01 to 30 December 2017 All TB patients 170 > 21 95.3% Mean: 53.2 (± 8.54). 59.9%
Tsegaye et al. (2016) [12] Amhara July 1 to September 30, 2013 All PTB patients 528 > 30 99.1% 36 (36) 62.3%
Wondimu et al. (2007) [13] Oromiya January 11, 2006 to April
11, 2006
All PTB patients 201 NR 99.5% 28 NR
Yarlagadda et al. (2018) [36] Oromiya February 9 to 20/2015 All PTB patients 105 > 21 NR 91 (mean) 58.09%
Yimer et al. (2005) [37] Amhara September 1, 2003 and December 31, 2003 new smear positive PTB patients 384 > 30 NR 30 (15–90) NR
Yimer et al. (2014) [14] Amhara January to August 2010 All PTB patients 201 > 30 NR 21 (7–60] 68.7%
Yirgu et al. (2017) [20] Oromiya June to July 2014 All PTB patients 358 > 14 100% 15 (5–30)  
Zeleke et al. (2014) [15] SNNR March 2013 to February 2014 SPPTB patients 221 > 35 98.6% 35 NR
  1. SNNRP Southern nations, nationalities, and peoples’ region, NR Not Report, SPPTB Smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis, SN smear negative, EPTB extra pulmonary tuberculosis
  2. * = P < 0.05 (The 95%CI does not include one)