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Table 4 Streptococcus species and gram-negative bacteria were detected only in cases with polymicrobial infection and germ changes in course of the treatment. Enterococcus species were also detected more often in such cases, however not statistically significant

From: Polymicrobial infections and microbial patterns in infected nonunions – a descriptive analysis of 42 cases

  monomicrobial polymicrobial germ-change
number [n] percent [%] number [n] percent [%] number [n] percent [%]
Staphylococcus aureus 10 45.5 5 21.7 14 21.2
Staphylococcus epidermidis 5 22.7 3 13.0 10 15.2
Staph. coagulase-negative 2 9.1 1 4.3 4 6.1
Staphylococcus capitis 1 4.5 1 4.3 1 1.5
Staphylococcus hominis 1 4.5 4.3 1 1.5
MRSA 1 4.5 4 6.1
Streptococcus species 3 13.0 4 6.1
Enterococcus species 1 4.5 4 17.4 20 30.3
Gram-negative bacteria 5 21.7 7 10.6
others 1 4.5 1 4.3 1 1.5
total 22 100.0 23 100.0 66 100.0