Skip to main content

Table 1 Comparison of baseline characteristics in hospitalized elderly CAP patients with clinical failure and clinical success (n = 3011)

From: Disease burden and prognostic factors for clinical failure in elderly community acquired pneumonia patients

Characteristics CF(n = 395) CS(n = 2616) p value
Age (years) 79.3 ± 7.87 77.1 ± 7.3 <0.001
Male sex 209 (52.9) 1431 (54.7) 0.516
Aspiration 79 (20.0) 234 (8.9) <0.001
Long-term bedridden status 74 (18.7) 185 (7.1) <0.001
Underlying conditions 381 (96.5) 2344 (89.6) <0.001
 Cardiovascular disease 268 (67.8) 1607 (61.4) 0.014
  Hypertension 215 (54.4) 1262 (48.2) 0.023
  Ischemic heart disease 144 (36.5) 826 (31.6) 0.057
  Congestive heart failure 46 (11.6) 150 (5.7) <0.001
 Chronic respiratory disease 106 (26.8) 735 (28.1) 0.631
  COPD 77 (18.5) 482 (18.4) 0.627
  Bronchiectasis 17 (4.3) 273 (10.4) <0.001
  Asthma 16 (4.1) 139 (5.3) 0.330
 Cerebral vascular disease 141 (35.7) 641 (24.5) <0.001
 Diabetes mellitus 96 (24.3) 536 (20.5) 0.085
 Malignancy 35 (8.9) 205 (7.8) 0.485
 Chronic renal disease 37 (9.4) 114 (4.4) <0.001
 Dementia 11 (2.8) 44 (1.7) 0.154
 Chronic liver disease 5 (1.3) 33 (1.3) 1.000
History of CAP within 1 year 52 (13.2) 207 (7.9) 0.001
HCAP 135 (34.2) 385 (14.7) <0.001
Immunocompromise# 18 (4.6) 52 (2.0) 0.004
Numbers of comorbidities 2.4 ± 1.4 1.9 ± 1.3 <0.001
Severity on hospital admission
 CURB-65a 2.1 ± 0.9 1.5 ± 0.7 <0.001
 PSIb 118.0 ± 32.2 88.9 ± 22.0 <0.001
 ICU admission 147 (37.2) 102 (3.9) <0.001
Outcomes
 Clinical stability on hospital admission 60 (15.2) 1015 (46.4) <0.001
 Hospital LOS (days) 16.4 ± 17.0 13.0 ± 8.2 <0.001
 Total cost (RMB, median) 23,083.1 12,287.5 <0.001
  1. Abbreviations: CF Clinical failure; CS Clinical success; COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CAP Community acquired pneumonia; HCAP Healthcare-associated pneumonia; PSI Pneumonia severity index; ICU Intensive care unit; LOS Length of stay
  2. #definition seen as Han et al. [15]
  3. a Figure urea nitrogen was missing in 124 cases. n = 2887
  4. b The total number of patients with a complete data of PSI score. n = 1666