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Table 2 Association between demographic features and the prevalence of total anti-HAV seropositivity among healthcare students (n = 650)

From: Hepatitis A, B and C seropositivity among first-year healthcare students in western Turkey: a seroprevalence study

Variables Total n Positive n (%) Negative n (%) Odds Ratio (CI 95%) p-value
Sex Male 218 100 (45.9) 118 (54.1) 2.03 (1.45–2.85) < 0.001
Female 432 127 (29.4) 305 (70.6) Ref.  
Age group (years) ≥21 93 42 (45.2) 51 (54.8) 1.65 (1.05–2.58) 0.014
≤20 557 185 (33.2) 372 (66.8) Ref.  
Perceived economic position Low 52 30 (57.7) 22 (42.3) 4.81 (2.45–9.58) < 0.001
Average 452 165 (36.5) 287 (63.5) 2.04 (1.33–3.20) < 0.001
High 146 32 (21.9) 114 (78.1) Ref.  
Water source City water 46 18 (39.1) 28 (60.9) 1.20 (0.56–2.51) 0.313
Licenced-wrapped water 515 178 (34.6) 337 (65.4) 0.98 (0.61–1.59) 0.477
Well water 89 31 (34.8) 58 (65.2) Ref.  
House that has the sewage system No 134 63 (47.0) 71 (53.0) 1.90 (1.29–2.80) < 0.001
Yes 516 164 (31.8) 352 (68.2) Ref.  
Childhood residence Districts 275 93 (33.8) 182 (66.2) 1.02 (0.70–1.51) 0.441
Country 170 66 (38.8) 104 (61.2) 1.27 (0.83–1.95) 0.129
Province 205 68 (33.2) 137 (66.8) Ref.  
Human development index Intermediate 218 132 (60.6) 86 (39.4) 5.42 (3.81–7.76) < 0.001
High 432 95 (22.0) 337 (78.0) Ref.  
Self-reported HAV vaccination history No 102 44 (43.1) 58 (56.9) 1.38 (0.72–2.65) 0.162
Unknown 483 160 (33.1) 323 (66.9) 0.90 (0.52–1.57) 0.356
Yes 65 23 (35.4) 42 (64.6) Ref.