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Table 7 Quantile regression results of TB inpatients’ OOP expenditures+

From: What causes high costs for rural tuberculosis inpatients? Evidence from five counties in China

  25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile 90th percentile
β 95% CI β 95% CI β 95% CI β 95% CI
Constant −11.19 (− 146.70, 124.32) 72.89 (− 102.51, 248.30) 110.70 (−179.43, 400.84) − 165.73 (− 1019.23, 687.76)
Sex 1.38 (−10.02, 12.77) −0.95 (− 15.41, 13.50) 5.26 (−8.22, 18.73) 10.52 (−11.34, 32.38)
Age
 15–44 −9.87 (−40.13, 20.38) − 82.49*** (− 132.96, − 32.02) −91.16* (− 185.67, 3.35) − 81.30 (− 267.69, 105.10)
 45–59 − 4.13 (− 35.83, 27.57) − 80.60*** (− 129.42, − 31.78) − 93.55** (− 178.10, − 9.01) −113.70 (− 295.32, 67.93)
 60–74 − 5.16 (− 37.40, 27.08) − 81.45** (− 131.87, − 31.03) − 82.02* (− 169.12, 5.08) − 88.98 (− 263.84, 85.88)
  ≥ 75 −9.09 (−42.05, 23.87) −61.57** (− 122.12, −1.01) −74.36 (− 166.05, 17.34) − 71.19 (− 260.73, 118.34)
County
 Dingyuan 103.04*** (88.13, 117.96) 96.31*** (68.46, 124.16) 36.81 (11.05, 62.56) 51.61 (0.60, 102.62)
 Funan −15.41 (−37.76, 6.94) 9.28 (−19.63, 38.19) 4.79 (− 35.00, 44.57) 93.77 (22.15, 165.39)
 Huining −25.82*** (− 40.10, −11.53) − 84.21*** (− 107.76, − 60.65) −165.97*** (− 182.03, − 149.90) − 182.98*** (−210.36, − 155.60)
 Weiyuan 56.74*** (34.57, 78.91) −0.24 (−26.47, 26.00) −56.45** (− 93.03, − 19.86) −45.71 (− 107.06, 15.63)
Length of stay 4.87*** (3.59, 6.15) 10.90*** (9.00, 12.80) 13.84*** (11.37, 16.31) 18.06*** (12.69, 23.43)
Provincial attribute −133.55*** (− 198.89, − 68.22) −198.19*** (− 253.78, − 142.59) − 349.23*** (− 432.80, − 265.67) − 542.08** (− 996.04, − 88.12)
Institution level 242.74*** (226.66, 258.81) 355.60*** (331.90, 379.30) 522.30*** (465.81, 578.78) 846.85*** (721.32, 972.37)
Ownership of hospitals −112.28*** (−147.37, − 77.20) −196.23*** (− 250.41, − 142.05) −267.07*** (− 351.88, − 182.26) −336.02** (− 585.65, − 86.39)
Functional attribute −94.75*** (−149.43, − 40.08) −81.47** (− 151.83, − 11.12) − 103.08*** (− 149.64, − 56.51) −155.75*** (− 209.50, − 102.00)
Family attribute 18.06* (−3.29, 39.41) 6.90 (−28.17, 41.97) 17.20 (−9.36, 43.77) 30.61* (−4.68, 65.91)
  1. + Note: *p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.001
  2. The reference groups: Sex: male; Age: 0–14; County: Danyang; Provincial attribute: cross provincial; Institution level: secondary hospitals; Ownership of hospitals: public; Functional attribute: specialized; Family attribute: poor