Skip to main content

Table 3 Univariate and multivariate survival analysis by Cox regression for 355 adult patients with invasive pneumococcal disease at admission to Aker University Hospital between 1993 and 2008

From: Gastrointestinal symptoms in invasive pneumococcal disease: a cohort study

Univariate analysis
Variable Hazard ratio Std.err p-value 95% CI
Gastrointestinal symptoms only 2.24 0.72 0.011 1.20 - 4.19
Age 1.03 0.01 0.001 1.01 - 1.05
Being female 0.66 0.18 0.136 0.39 - 1.14
Cardiovascular disease 1.43 0.39 0.192 0.83 - 2.45
Diabetes 1.74 0.71 0.173 0.79 - 3.85
Pulmonary disease 1.54 0.44 0.135 0.88 - 2.69
Cancer 1.45 0.46 0.247 0.77 - 2.71
Alcohol 1.32 0.51 0.473 0.62 - 2.79
Smoking 1.21 0.33 0.499 0.70 - 2.07
Steroid 1.40 0.57 0.407 0.63 - 3.10
Antibiotics given immediately after blood culture was drawn 0.46 0.24 0.134 0.17 - 1.27
Multivariate analysis
Variable Hazard ratio Std.err p-value 95% CI
Gastrointestinal symptoms only 3.96 1.43 0.000 1.95 - 8.06
Age 1.05 0.01 0.000 1.03 - 1.07
Being female 0.49 0.14 0.015 0.27 - 0.87
Cardiovascular disease 1.00 0.31 0.998 0.55 - 1.83
Diabetes 1.56 0.67 0.303 0.67 - 3.61
Pulmonary disease 1.34 0.43 0.369 0.71 - 2.51
Cancer 1.39 0.48 0.342 0.70 - 2.74
Alcohol 1.53 0.65 0.315 0.67 - 3.53
Smoking 1.34 0.42 0.344 0.73 - 2.46
Steroid 1.23 0.52 0.623 0.54 - 2.84
Antibiotics given immediately after blood culture was drawn 0.63 0.36 0.419 0.20 - 1.95
\