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Table 2 Risk factors for filovirus seropositivity among all participants

From: A retrospective cohort investigation of seroprevalence of Marburg virus and ebolaviruses in two different ecological zones in Uganda

Variable Category Filovirus IgG Seropositive (%) Filovirus IgG Seronegative (%) bAdjusted OR (95%CI)
Total participants (n = 724)   19 (2.6%) 705 (97.4%)  
Age (years) < 20 1 (0.96%) 103 (99.04%)  
>  20 18 (2.9%) 602 (85.4%) 1.9 (0.2–14.7)
Gender Female 4 (1.2%) 329 (98.8%)  
Male 15 (3.8%) 376 (96.2%) 3.1 (1.01–9.5) a
Education Never 5 (4.1%) 117 (95.9%)  
Primary 10 (2.5%) 387 (97.5%) 0.4 (0.1–1.3)
Secondary 4 (2.2%) 182 (97.9%) 0.3 (0.1–1.4)
Tertiary 0 (0%) 19 (100%)  
District Luweero 3 (1.1%) 288 (98.9%)  
Ibanda 9 (3.7%) 235 (96.3%) 2.4 (0.6–10.2)
Kamwenge 7 (3.7%) 182 (96.3%) 2.4 (0.6–10.7)
Famer No 5 (2.2%) 222 (97.8%)  
Yes 14 (2.9%) 461 (97.5%) 1.3 (0.4–3.6)
Go inside mines No 10 (1.7%) 576 (98.3%)  
Yes 9 (6.5%) 129 (93.5%) 3.1 (1.2–8.2) a
Contact with bats in mines No 4 (3.5%) 111 (96.5%)  
Yes 5 (8.2%) 56 (91.8%) 1.9 (0.5–7.4)
Own Domestic animals No 3 (1.8%) 159 (98.2%)  
Yes 16 (2.8%) 546 (97.2%) 1.3 (0.4–4.8)
Contact with Animals No 2 (1.2%) 161 (22.8%)  
Yes 17 (3.1%) 544 (96.9%) 3.7 (0.4–36.3)
Hunting No 14 (2.3%) 582 (97.7%)  
Yes 5 (3.9%) 123 (96.1%) 1.1 (0.4–3.4)
Contact with dead animals No 16 (2.5%) 621 (97.5%)  
Yes 3 (4.5%) 63 (95.5%) 1.4 (0.4–4.9)
Eat bush meat No 6 (1.6%) 371 (98.4%)  
Yes 13 (3.7%) 334 (96.3%) 2.0 (0.7–5.6)
Cleaning of the dead body No 12 (2%) 590 (98.0%)  
Yes 5 (5.8%) 81 (94.2%) 3.1 (1.04–9.1) a
MVD reported in the village No 11 (1.9%) 563 (98.1)  
Yes 8 (5.3%) 142 (94.7%) 2.2 (0.8–6.2)
Contact with EVD/MVD suspects No 16 (2.3%) 677 (97.7%)  
Yes 3 (9.7%) 28 (90.3%) 3.9 (1.04–14.5) a
Frequently travels No 7 (5.9%) 112 (94.1%)  
Yes 12 (2%) 593 (98.0%) 0.3 (0.1–0.7) a
Go to the Forest frequently No 4 (1.6%) 240 (98.4%)  
Yes 15 (3.1%) 465 (96.9%) 2.(0.7–6.1)
Wash fruits before eating No 13 (3.0) 417 (96.9%)  
Yes 6 (2.2%) 264 (97.8%) 0.9 (0.3–2.4)
Reported of bats in the house No 4 (1.3%) 313 (98.7%)  
Yes 15 (3.7%) 392 (96.3%) 2.5 (0.8–7.8)
  1. astatistically significant
  2. bAdjusted for gender, age and education level