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Table 4 Predictor factors for successful treatment outcome among registered TB cases

From: Treatment outcomes of patients with tuberculosis in war affected region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Character No. (%) of TB cases Successful outcome, n (%) COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95%CI) P-value
Sex
 Male 237 (46.01) 201 (84.81) 0.08 (0.48–1.32) 0.39 0.93 (0.53–1.63) 0.81
 Female 278 (53.99) 243 (87.41) 1.00   1.00  
Age
 0–20 185 (35.92) 165 (89.19) 3.34 (1.61–6.93) 0.001 3.47 (1.54–7.81) 0.003
 21–40 189 (36.69) 165 (87.30) 2.78 (1.37–5.65) 0.005 2.76 (1.26–6.03) 0.011
 41–60 82 (15.92) 72 (87.80) 2.91 (1.22–6.95) 0.016 2.82 (1.08–7.35) 0.034
 ≥ 61 59 (11.45) 42 (71.18) 1.00   1.00  
TB form
 Smear positive PTB 252 (48.93) 232 (92.06) 2.88 (1.605–5.16) 0.000 3.58 (1.89–6.78) < 0.001
 Sear negative PTB 82 (15.92) 67 (81.70) 1.11 (0.57–2.16) 0.762 1.18 (0.56–2.48) 0.650
 EPTB 181 (35.15) 145 (80.11) 1.00   1.00  
Patient category
 New 493 (95.72) 426 (86.40) 0.57 (0.07–4.55) 0.603 0.57 (0.07–4.55) 0.603
 Relapse 10 (1.94) 7 (70.00) 0.21 (0.02–2.46) 0.215 0.21 (0.02–2.46) 0.215
 Other 12 (2.33) 11 (91.67) 1.00   1.00  
Treatment category
 Category I 503 (97.66) 437 (86.87) 0.21 (0.06–0.68) 0.01 4.71 (1.17–18.97) 0.029
 Category II 12 (2.33) 7 (58.33) 1.00   1.00  
Year of treatment
 2011 116 (22.52) 101 (87.06) 2.37 (1.24–4.54) 0.009 2.42 (1.22–4.82) 0.012
 2012 118 (22.91) 112 (94.91) 6.58 (2.69–16.09) 0.000 6.26 (2.52–15.59) < 0.001
 2013 120 (23.30) 112 (93.33) 4.94 (2.22–10.98) 0.000 4.31 (1.88–9.86) < 0.001
 2014 161 (31.26) 119 (73.91) 1.00   1.00  
  1. Abbreviations: PTB Pulmonary tuberculosis, EPTB extra-pulmonary TB, COR Crude odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio